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A Letter From The Perspective Of An Acadian Child During The Expulsion

A letter from the perspective of an Acadian child during the expulsion

My dear friend,

I received your letter a month ago but I could not write you back at that time because of the ongoing situations here. I am unable to find proper words that could describe the situation of the expulsion. It was no less than a nightmare. We lost everything we had and have been suffering from the last month. It was such a terrifying scene when the British soldiers went house to house and town to town to take out all the fellow Acadians for imprisonment. I saw people going to jails and saw soldiers who separated the kids from their families. It was hard to see them loaded onto ships forcefully who were sent to British colonies. They separated each one of us and did not let us carry any personal belonging. You cannot imagine how difficult it was for us to travel to another country without proper food and clothes and it was even more difficult to leave our home and our land. When we reached New England, the citizens of England did not welcome us and rejected our existence in their country. They were so bad towards us that some of our people starved and died because we could not find food to survive. I witnessed some, escaping this traumatizing situation but was arrested by the British soldiers and were beaten to death. Some hid in the woods and saved their lives. Thousands of people died of the disease on the board ship and around 1,649 people drowned. Days started to become tougher than before as tried to start a new life here in New England but the native people are not allowing us to be independent and behave as we are their slaves. It is impossible for others to understand the pain we went through and the trauma we faced. No one could ever understand the feelings we had while leaving our home and our families. It will remain a horrific part of my past that I will never for

Works cited

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY “Acadian Expulsion (the Great Upheaval) | The Canadian Encyclopedia.” Accessed November 4, 2019. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/the-deportation-of-the-acadians-feature.

“ARCHIVED - History: The Expulsion - Acadians - Explore the Communities - The Kids’ Site of Canadian Settlement - Library and Archives Canada.” Accessed November 4, 2019. https://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/settlement/kids/021013-2000.7-e.html.

“CBC - The Acadians - Timeline.” Accessed November 4, 2019. https://www.cbc.ca/acadian/timeline.html.

“New Heritage Minute Focuses on Dark History of the Acadian Expulsion | Historica Canada.” Accessed November 4, 2019. https://www.historicacanada.ca/content/new-heritage-minute-focuses-dark-history-acadian-expulsion.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Cultural Intelligence



Cultural Intelligence

Writer

Institution

Cultural Intelligence

Cultural intelligence (CQ) is the competency of individuals to relate and work efficiently within a diverse cultural setup. In today's globalized world, workplaces have become diverse with a variety of cultural backgrounds. It is necessary to evaluate employee's skills and capabilities if they can suit well in a multi-cultural setting. Several tests have been developed to characterize intercultural intelligence. The CQ Assessment is a pioneering research-based model for weighing the employee awareness and skills to work efficiently within national, racial, transcultural and executive cultures. CQ assessment measures within four discrete field; drive, knowledge, strategy, and action. It helps evaluate an individual's motivation to work and keep good relations with people from different cultural backgrounds. It assesses one's knowledge of different cultures and their norms. It also helps individuals strategize and adapt during interactions. But this cultural intelligence is dynamic and can be improved and leveraged based on the results.

In my CQ assessment, the results revealed a very astounding thing that I did not know about me before. I did not know that I had such a lack of knowledge around values and norms. The results also showed that I have a low score around business cultural intelligence. Values and norms are deeply rooted in culture and they define one's attitude and ways of interacting with people from diverse cultures. I thought I had enough knowledge about cultures norms and values to distinguish and fit in well, but after taking this test I realized that within a workforce environment, one has to have a very sound command on this matter. These things subconsciously guide our behavior and opinions and eventually influences everything that occurs in any organization. Similarly, knowledge about business cultural intelligence is as important to adapt well to any multi-cultural firm. In a much diverse cultural organization, we see segregation based on nationalities or sometimes religion. The knowledge about ethnicities, cultural values and differences influence the potential growth of a business.

CQ assessment results have an important element of variability in them and can be used as a strategy for comparative research. Individuals can get an opportunity of an extensive though processing scheme and recognize the reasons for variabilities in skills and aptitude. Through this test, I came to know my strengths in cultural intelligence. The report suggested that I have a high CQ drive score in all categories; overall, intrinsic interest, extrinsic interest, and self-efficacy. It means I have a high motivation for learning and adapting to a new and diverse cultural environment. It boosts the confidence for adapting abilities that influence the performance in an intercultural setting. I also have a moderate score in CQ strategy in awareness and checking categories. I tend to look carefully and act accordingly before and after intercultural interactions. I also reflect on my experiences later and it helps in refining my mental maps and strategies for efficient interactions.

By finding out results from the CQ assessment, strengths can be leveraged and used for achieving improved performance results. The first thing to leverage strengths is to reflect on oneself and identify the strengths and how they have a positive impact on the workplace and personal performance. It is postulated that cultural diversity has a significant impact on business effectiveness more than we think of. Our cultural backgrounds and values influence our thinking, actions, and interactions. The proportion of success and failure depends on the degree of understanding the variations and their reason. It is imperative to plan and make strategies to analyze personal interactions. A good way is to collaborate with fellow employees and explore their norms and values. In a business setting, it is important to analyze how management and employees interact with each other. One should always remember while interacting with people from different cultures to talk about their language, country, common traditions, economy, religious outlook, how they interact physically, how they greet each other etcetera. But not just this, one should also be familiar with their own culture because it helps in comparing and starting a conversation. Cognitive thinking should be utilized in such a social situation and observe and learn other's attitude.

The areas in my assessment report that need improvement are norms and values and business knowledge cultural intelligence. There is a huge variation within all cultures so it is not fair to generalize an idea related to all people belonging to that particular culture or ethnicity. Thus CQ knowledge provides an opportunity to all people within a workforce to identify when and how specific cultural values influence an individual's thinking and behavioral pattern. To remove these flaws, it is important to learn that all cultures have different economic, legal, business and political systems. The pattern of production, services and governing inside a business vary nation to nation. Somethings might seem unimportant but are crucial in the understanding of a culture such as family and education system for developing human resource policies. The integration of all domains of CQ assessment is a valuable and efficient phenomenon for adapting in multi-cultural environments. Feedbacks on the assessment can help improve the weak areas and focus on personal development. Also, the organizations should allow the employees to conduct question-answer sessions, where people can openly be involved in inter-cultural differences. Internalization helps understand and learn more than mere reading and hearing about cultural studies. Cultural intelligence in action helps individuals create adaptive communication strategies within a cross-cultural environment.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIONS

Your Name

Instructor Name

Date

Intercultural Communication

Answer 1

The term culture refers to the collection of knowledge, shared beliefs, and human interaction (Jones). Typically, cultures are created through communication. This is because communication is the means of interaction by which cultural characteristics such as gender roles, laws, rituals and customs are created. The course facilitated a lot in understanding between culture and communication. After taking this course I was able to understand the importance of not only verbal but non-verbal communication, as well. I have learned how even the slightest gesture such as making eye-contact with elders, can be considered as a friendly gesture in American culture, but disrespectful in many other cultures.

Answer 2

Non-verbal communication includes body language, facial expression, and physical distance, etc (Jones). The non-verbal signals can facilitate in giving clues that provide additional information over verbal communication. For instance, the question, “What are you doing in the evening?” can be interpreted in many ways based upon tone, posture, and eye-contact. Therefore it is necessary to use appropriate non-verbal messages while communicating with people belonging to a different cultural background

Answer 3

To be an effective and competent intercultural communicator, one has to respect other cultures. Also, one has to pay more attention to non-verbal communication, and practice active listening and observing. While communicating with people belonging to a different culture it is recommended to avoid colloquialism along with idioms and jokes etc. Furthermore, it is necessary to accept and learn from mistakes and be more tolerant to those who make them.

Answer 5

To avoid discriminatory, and oppressive behaviors, it is necessary to accept the differences regarding culture, race, sexuality, and religion of people. This can be done by launching a media campaign and providing awareness regarding the negative impacts of discriminatory remarks on an individual’s mental and emotional health. Furthermore, as a citizen, one should understand and learn more about diversity and respect the beliefs and cultural differences of other people.

Answer 6

To communicate with people with different cultural backgrounds, it is necessary to initiate communication with simple sentences and avoid using jargon. Secondly, it is necessary to first show respect and then proceed to talking with people rather than asking only random, yes or no questions. Non-verbal communication also plays a vital role while communicating with people of different cultural backgrounds, so it is important to have some knowledge regarding the culture and further initiate communication.

Answer 7

After taking the course I realize that cultural identity is the feeling of belonging to a group and is a part of self-conception and self- perception. I learned about different ethnicities and their cultures during a course. Although, there are occasions where individuals within a given culture may disagree with the views that are promoted by cultural leaders. However, this course helped me in building my cultural identity as I learned about the communication methods, rituals, and beliefs of different groups with whom I can identify myself, as well.

Before taking the course, I was not familiar with Chinese culture. I always thought that Chinese people’s parenting styles are strict and they intervene in every matter of their children. However, after taking the course, I realized, that in Chinese culture, family means a lot and therefore they rely more upon their families for advice while making important decisions. Also, in the context of non-verbal communication, I realized that bowing down in front of elders and not making eye-contact is a method of paying respect.

Answer 8

At the workplace, it is necessary to first respect the cultural differences and be tolerant and empathetic towards people of different cultural backgrounds. The next thing is to institutionalize cultural knowledge and avoid using jargon. Additionally, active listening and learning are very important. Also, one should not intimidate others while communicating with people of different cultural backgrounds, but rather try observing their speaking style and respectfully communicate with them. Moreover, it is necessary to accept mistakes to build a friendly relationship.

Answer 9

Owing to the tremendous increase in the use of technology has especially, become an indispensable part of our lives. The media also influences our cultural identity. Although, being consciously aware of what is being displayed by the media, it still plays a substantial role in influencing cultural identity. Media has the power to portray any culture or group positively and negatively which can, therefore, influence one’s cultural identity.

Answer 10

Intercultural competence can be described as the ability to develop targeted knowledge, and skills that facilitate both effective and appropriate intercultural interactions (Jones). Intercultural competence constitutes cultural self-awareness and culturally specific knowledge. If an individual learns to be flexible, empathetic, and adaptable, then he or she would be considered as being culturally competent.

Works Cited

Jones, Anna, and Xuan Quach. "Intercultural communication." The University of Melbourn (2007).

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

A Taxi Drive (2017)

(Writer)

(Instructor)

(Subject)

(Date)

A Taxi Driver (2017)

Introduction

South Korean film "A Taxi Driver" is a drama film which is related to the genre of history. The film is released in 2017 and revolves around the story of a taxi driver who belongs to South Korean city Seoul. He became involved unintentionally in the 1980 events of Gwangju Uprising movement.

Discussion and Reaction

The movie starts with the protagonist of a movie Kim Man-seob who is a father working in Seoul as a taxi driver. He was driving through Seoul when he saw a protest due to which traffic was blocked. He shows his concern by talking to himself that why these students do not go to college for learning, they only go there for doing protest and asked himself "when these people realize that our country is great". He was mad because he thinks that this type of protests is bad for his business. Basically, the scene is shown as the students uprising from the Gwangju Uprising movement which was against the Dictatorship. This scene shows how controlled media sets the narrative of "all is well" and act as a propaganda machine of powerful people in transforming the minds of ordinary people. Then the scene transformed into a pregnant lady and her husband who took the ride from Man-seob taxi and most of the streets is occupied by the clash between protesters and the government forces. None the less the scene shows how during a tense situation Man-seob acts like a perfect taxi driver and talk those to the hospital like any taxi driver. It was a light-hearted scene which shows how people benefits from simple people by using their victim card. It is shown how her landlady was scolding her and telling her to pay his rent. He is a widower living with his daughter was asked by the landlady to pay his rent of 100000 won which he was unable to pay. This scene encourages and is a point of turning the whole story behind his motivation for the trip to Gwangju.

Then the scene set towards the bunch of journalists looking for work and talking to each other about the work. One journalist from BBC told the German journalist "Peter" Hinzpeter about the uprising in South Korea and said that the environment there is tough. Peter who was waiting to wait for such an opportunity was very excited to hear the news. He said that being comfortable is bad for a journalist. After that, it is shown that Peter moves to South Korea and landed in Seoul and told the authorities that he works for the church as a missionary. This was his cover story to be saved as a journalist. Then he plans to go to Gwangju and said that he would give a 100,000 won to the taxi driver for go and comeback trip to a taxi driver who is a restaurant told his comrades about the news. Man-seob who himself was in a dire need of money overheard him and drives his taxi before the other taxi driver. He took Peter and take him to the way to Gwangju but the main road was blocked by the Army men. He talks to them but returns without moving to Gwangju. Peter told him that he would not get money if he did not take him to the Gwangju. Here another case is sensed that it was due to Man-seob less understanding or weak listening skills that he understands that Peter is a businessman and wants to go to Gwangju else he would not go there with him if he would know that he is a journalist. Man-seob uses a backway road for entry into Gwangju but Army also blocked the road there but Man-seob convinces them that his client is a businessman and wants to go to Gwangju for an important business papers retrieval.

They then went to Gwangju and met some boys who were taking a slogan of rebellion with them. Peter paid the taxi driver half the fare and told him that half of the fare you will get when you would drop me back to Seoul(A Taxi Driver). Peter then began filming the boys and one boy became his translator. Man-seob told them that he would follow their truck but feared that due to riot his taxi might get damage so he took a uturn. This scene is very much important and tells how in any uprising young blood is always willing to go.

After he returned, he was stopped by an elderly woman for a taxi ride but he wants to move to Seoul as soon as possible. When he saw her in the rearview mirror, he turned back and take the lady with her. This scene shows that he is a good man and understand the feeling of the elderly lady. The elderly lady told her that her son was missing and someone took her son. She showed concern that it would be army but Man-seob said that it is not possible that the army would do this to people. He was very much ignorant of the fact due to the positive image building of army on media. After they reach the hospital, the elderly lady finds her son who is one of the boys from the truck where the journalist went to. The hospital was full of injured people from the riot. After he was met again to Peter, Peter pays him full money and ask him to return to Seoul but one of the boys took the money and said that it is not right to give him money. After that Man-seob agrees to take Peter and his translator "Jae-sik" to ride.

Where ever they go, local people offer their help to them. They get free gas for their taxi and get a warm welcome when they enter the protest area. Man-seob point of view at this point is changing from a point where he was asking a question from himself that whether I was told truth by media or not. After they get to the rooftop to shoot the riot, another local reporter told Peter that it would be very dangerous for you and people who helped you here to go safe back. At that time riot begins and Peter starts to film the riot. He wants another view from the crowd and wants to go back on road in the protesters and film the crowd.

I think that the way the crowd is shown is one of the best visuals I have seen which clearly shows how the armed brutalities took place and how they oppress people by means of force. At this point, Man-seob understands perfectly that his ideas were wrong and there is something wrong with the army about how they are treating the people. Before that, he thinks that it is only in the reaction of people chanting but now he clearly understands the truth that what really is going on. A man in civil dress who is in command of the army told his men to take the man shooting the tape into custody but before they can do something, Man-seob took Peter to his taxi and drive away and after a ride ask Peter to get back to Seoul, Jae-sik take a promise from Peter to upload this footage and Peter agrees. Jae-sik gets off from the taxi to his destination in Gwangju. He had a good farewell talk with Man-seob and they both seem to enjoy each other company. Man-seob after some distance taxi breaks down. Tae-soo a local taxi driver took their taxi for a repair but finds out that his taxi would take much time to get repaired so he took him to his shop and offered them stay until his taxi repairs. Tae-soo watches the news and saw the controlled news on the media cursing back at the news. Asking Peter to help the true news spread.

I think the other main theme of this movie is press freedom, that when a press is free it can cover all the brutalities which help in stopping the brutalities. Media when plays its rightful duty help to spread the correct image of the instances happening to the world which would help other powers to stop the brutalities. After that, they heard an explosion and they were told that it is a way leading to Television station. Peter films the fire and army truck. Army personnel saw him and ask to bring him. Jae-sik heard the civilian clothed army person and make Peter and Man-seob run. Defence security command took Jae-sik and asked Peter to return the camera and the film for their safe recovery to Seoul and as well he can spare the life of Jae-sik. He killed Jae-sik and caught Man-seob in the chase, beating him and accusing him to be communist, working against the country.

This is a very important point in the movie and the storyteller and director told it with neutrality and perfection that when a person in command thinks he is right, he does not bother to scratch the real truth and would do so without any conscience to right and wrong. It is demonstrated truthfully by the Stanford prison experiment that when someone is given the dominated position, he would do all in its power without any regard of conscience.

Peter saves Man-seob from the Defence security commander. After that Man-seob left Peter at Tae-soo shop and left for Seoul but remain in the Guwangju to repair his taxi and eat some food. When he sits at the shop and was looking at the television and heard people talking about what he was talking earlier, he gets deep remorse inside and heads back to Guwangju to take Peter with him.

This is the best scene which is a great depiction of what will happen when good people get remorse about something. When he reached the shop he learned that Peter is at the hospital, he left for the hospital and get very sad to see the dead body of Jae-sik. He then went with Peter to take further footage of army hitting straight and killing people with direct fire. He makes a plan with other taxi drivers to block the vision of the army to help save people in direct fire and those injured.

This has been a clear depiction is how he was able to do a courageous job once he knows who the oppressors are? After that, he with Peter leaves for Seoul, and on their way get to stop by the army men. When during search Sargent find out that he has Seoul number plates he leaves without getting them detained.

I like this scene because it tells that all fingers are not the same. Some people in the world even if they are entitled to do the bad thing, do their fair right share. Army men chase them, while other taxi drivers became a wall in between the army and the Peter. Peter safely return to Japan and aired the tape. Before Peter went to Japan, Peter asks Man-seob his name and asked him to give his number so that he when get back pay for his damages. Man-seob gives his wrong address and number. Peter when won the award always wants to meet Man-seob but he was told that this name and number are wrong.

Conclusion

Overall the movie is great showcasing the real strength of people against the oppressors. This movie tells us how media can control the general perception and can be used to block information. This movie is a great showcase of the view that how important an independent media is for the world to express their voice and suppress the oppressors. It can also be concluded that when people get the right perception of things, they stood up against the oppressors and became the voice of oppressed. Even one person can matter if the concerns are true. On one side, it was a sad movement to see all the deaths but on the other hand, seeing people giving their life for a cause and their determination showcase the true courage.

References

A Taxi Driver - IMDb. (2017) Retrieved 10 May 2019, from https://www.imdb.com/title/tt6878038/

Subject: Culture

Pages: 6 Words: 1800

Action Plan

Action Plan

Author

Institutional Affiliations

Author Note

Action Plan

Cultural intelligence is the aptitude of individuals to work efficiently with people from diverse cultures and backgrounds. The recent trend in the business world has been changing due to the culturally diverse environments and organizations are working on improving the professional settings. There is an increase demand in the businesses and corporations to provide culturally intelligent education to the employees so that they can communicate in much better ways with the culturally different individuals and cultivate peer relationships. Such a positive attitude can help the businesses progress and bring in variations that can eventually result in improved performance. Individuals with high cultural intelligence can work efficiently in an unknown cultural setting but they turn around quite well because of their knowledge in the all the dimensions of the cultural capabilities. They are able to observe, commiserate and make relationships with the people without even speaking in their language. It assists the employers to remove the biases and wrong assumptions while motivating the employees to get comfortable in new environments where people have come from all over the world.

My CQ assessment revealed that I scored significantly low in knowledge around values and norms and business cultural intelligence. Values and norms are deeply rooted in culture and they define one's attitude and ways of interacting with people from diverse cultures. The cultural values and norms subconsciously guide our behavior and opinions and eventually influence everything that occurs in any organization. Similarly, knowledge about business cultural intelligence is as important to adapt well to any multi-cultural firm. In a much diverse cultural organization, we see segregation based on nationalities or sometimes religion. The knowledge about ethnicities, cultural values and differences influence the potential growth of a business ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"BGeYxF3a","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(LIMBU, 2019)","plainCitation":"(LIMBU, 2019)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":628,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/OnfrXiA2/items/FLNPU9MB"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/OnfrXiA2/items/FLNPU9MB"],"itemData":{"id":628,"type":"thesis","title":"CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE: IT’S IMPORTANCE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A LEADER","author":[{"family":"LIMBU","given":"DEEPAK"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2019"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (LIMBU, 2019).

Table 1: Weakness in the Cultural Intelligence Assessment

Low Score CQ- Capabilities

Low Score Sub-dimensions

Weakness

CQ- Knowledge

Interpersonal Knowledge

Lack of knowledge around values, norms, social interactions, religious and cultural beliefs in a multicultural environment

CQ- Knowledge

Business Knowledge

Lack of knowledge around business related matters especially in the economic and legal systems with any culturally diverse business setting

Cultural Intelligence Action Plan

Cultural intelligence assessment can be utilized in order to devise an action plan that can help leverage the strengths. It is imperative to reflect on oneself and identify the strengths and how they have a positive impact on the work place and personal performance. It is hypothesized that cultural diversity has a significant impact on business effectiveness more than it is mentioned in the research studies. Our cultural backgrounds and values influence our thinking, actions, and interactions. The proportion of success and failure depends on the degree of understanding the variations and their reason. It is imperious to plan and make strategies to analyze personal interactions. A good way is to collaborate with fellow employees and explore their norms and values. In a business setting, it is important to analyze how management and employees interact with each other. One should always remember while interacting with people from different cultures to talk about their language, country, common traditions, economy, religious outlook, how they interact physically, how they greet each other etcetera ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"EpiJmEdq","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Alon et al., 2018)","plainCitation":"(Alon et al., 2018)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":627,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/OnfrXiA2/items/3E6LJHX9"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/OnfrXiA2/items/3E6LJHX9"],"itemData":{"id":627,"type":"article-journal","title":"Business cultural intelligence quotient: A five‐country study","container-title":"Thunderbird International Business Review","page":"237-250","volume":"60","issue":"3","author":[{"family":"Alon","given":"Ilan"},{"family":"Boulanger","given":"Michele"},{"family":"Elston","given":"Julie Ann"},{"family":"Galanaki","given":"Eleanna"},{"family":"Martínez de Ibarreta","given":"Carlos"},{"family":"Meyers","given":"Judith"},{"family":"Muñiz‐Ferrer","given":"Marta"},{"family":"Vélez‐Calle","given":"Andrés"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2018"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Alon et al., 2018).

CQ knowledge provides an opportunity to all people within a workforce to identify when and how specific cultural values influence an individual's thinking and behavioral pattern. To remove these flaws, it is important to learn that all cultures have different economic, legal, business and political systems. The pattern of production, services and governing inside a business vary nation to nation. The integration of all domains of CQ assessment is a valuable and efficient phenomenon for adapting in multi-cultural environments.

Table 2: Cultural Intelligence Action Plan

Acquire

Acquire culturally intelligent education about business and values and norms of different cultures.

Build

Building the new knowledge should be done along with identification and implementation of personal skills.

Contemplate

Plan the improvement plan by observation and taking assessments.

Action

By identifying the strengths and weaknesses, certain traits can be applied in the work force.

Understanding of Cultural Intelligence in business is very important as business knowledge is significant not only for the people related to the field of business but also for those who have a weak understanding of the beliefs, values, and attitudes of others. An individual with a high CQ knowledge can easily have a good understanding of various systems present in several cultures whereas the cultural understanding of an individual with low CQ business understanding is limited. Business knowledge in Cultural Intelligence can be improved by studying and understanding a culture and carefully observing the attitudes and customs of people in that culture. A close study of communication styles, gestures and language, eye contact, and interaction with other people should be done. Conducting detailed internet searches about their culture and ethics would provide useful information that can increase the CQ knowledge about business. The global collaboration is becoming really important due to the increased connectivity between all organizations and companies across the globe.

Understanding CQ in business needs a proper training for the workers according to their skills and experience. It enables to interact with people having distinct beliefs and attitudes at workplace. The employers or leaders need to have proper coaching sessions for workers so that they can adapt to the environment and improve their CQ. Enhancement of CQ both individually and broadly helps to ensure that the business makes numerous benefits. Moreover, it boosts the corporate reputation and increases compassion among the colleagues. People should be trained to deal with the unexpected behaviors of other and differences in the working methods of colleagues who come from separate and distinct cultural backgrounds. The development of behavior patterns and language in a business setting can lead to benefits and better opportunities for problem-solving.

References

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Alon, I., Boulanger, M., Elston, J. A., Galanaki, E., Martínez de Ibarreta, C., Meyers, J., … Vélez‐Calle, A. (2018). Business cultural intelligence quotient: A five‐country study. Thunderbird International Business Review, 60(3), 237–250.

LIMBU, D. (2019). CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE: IT’S IMPORTANCE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A LEADER.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

Adaptation In Easy A

Adaptation in Literature

Student name

Name of institute

The concept of adaptation and adapted text in the literature is used to denote the transformations of a literary work to the needs of a particular society, a particular cultural model, or a communicative situation; the process of processing the original literary work, its alteration, rewriting to achieve certain goals. The concept of adaptation in linguistics The adaptation of a literary text is based on the concept of adaptation as such. In a broad sense, adaptation is a universal concept that is used in various fields of scientific knowledge. The need to adapt the literary text is due to the need for the product to perform certain functions, primarily communicative. The success of communication and interaction between the author and the recipient largely depends on the communicants' ability to present the content of the text properly, to adapt the content of the message to changing conditions of interaction.

In linguistics, adaptation is understood as simplification, reduction of the text, bringing it in line with the characteristics of the recipient's perception. Adapted text, in turn, can be understood as text brought into line with the needs of the reader, recipient; text "close" to the audience. The adapted text is created on the basis of another literary work, which is primary in relation to it Methods of adaptation of literary text. “However, in both academic criticism and journalistic studying, modern popular adaptations are most often put down as secondary, derived, “belated, unintellectual, or culturally substandard”

The logical organization of textual material on the basis of the abstract / concrete. Increasing the level of abstraction of the text, as a rule, leads to a complication of the discourse and, conversely, the specification of the content of the text allows us to simplify its perception even by an untrained audience. The basis of this technique is the peculiarities of the development of human thinking, the ability to abstraction arose in mankind during a long evolution, respectively, abstract thinking is a more complex form than concrete thinking.

The organization of lexical material. The lexical means, which can complicate the perception of the literary text, include exotisms, terms, barbarisms, outdated words, dialectics, jargon. Accordingly, in the process of adapting such tokens, it is recommended to use synonyms or explanations of unfamiliar words. In addition, it is recommended to avoid the use of words of a limited sphere of use (terms, professionalisms, dialect), if possible, to replace them with literary equivalents. If necessary, words are added that allow explicating the meaning of the expression. The morphological organization of the text is carried out with the help of giving speech dialog, concretization of the presentation, which allows us to make the story not only informative, clear, but also convincing, expressive.

In addition, in the process of adapting the text, obsolete grammatical forms are replaced by modern, consistent with modern morphological norms. The syntactic organization of the text is achieved by replacing complex syntactic constructions with simpler, more detailed paragraph division of the narrative. Common sentences are broken down into simple ones . The simplification of sentences complicated by turns, homogeneous sentence members, introductory words and constructions, etc. can be an effective tool for adapting text at the syntactical level. In some cases, it is advisable to eliminate the inversion, the reverse order of words in a sentence.

As a result of such syntactic organization of works, the assimilation of information is facilitated. The formal organization of the work: the deployment and collapse of information, storyline (s). Deployment is relevant if there is a need for a more simplified description of relevant information, events that allow us to understand the integrity of the work. When collapsing, the text is converted in the direction of reducing its volume. As a result of the implementation of these adaptation strategies, an adapted text is created that must meet a number of requirements. The main requirements that are put forward for the adapted text include the following: Clarity, accessibility, comprehensibility - the quality of the text, which ensures its easy perception by the reader; Accuracy, conceptual and substantive - the correspondence of the plan of expression of speech to the system of expressed concepts, objective material reality.

It is important to add that when adapting literary texts, the requirement of accuracy appears to be very vague, this category refers to the correspondence of a word to the ideological concept of a work, the main idea of ​​the author. Informative, satisfactory information density - this criterion is characterized by the amount of information new to the reader in the text. When adapting the text, great attention is paid to the information content of the text for the recipient. New information in the text should be presented "dosed". Both redundancy and lack of information lead to a decrease in the quality of the adapted text. Reliability is a characteristic of a text that reflects its ability to control reader’s perception, interpretative activity in accordance with the producer’s intentions. Thus, on the basis of the study, we can conclude that the adaptation of literary discourse is a simplification of the text, bringing it in line with the needs and characteristics of the recipient. In the process of adaptation, various strategies of the lexical, syntactic, discursive and over-discursive levels are applied.

Bibliography

Balestrini, N. W. (Ed.). (2011). Adaptation and American Studies: Perspectives on Research and Teaching (p. 1). Winter.

Hutcheon, L. (2012). A theory of adaptation. Routledge.

Mikhail, B. I., & Petro‐Nustas, W. I. (2001). Transcultural adaptation of Champion's health belief model scales. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 33(2), 159-165.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

Adaptive Challenge

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RUNNING HEAD CULTURE

Adaptive Challenge

Name of the writer

Name of the institution

Saudi Arabia

In the vision 2030, many challenges have been highlighted and one of these challenges is uncertainty, deception and speculation in contracts. Parties involved are free to negotiate changes and introduce their terms and conditions unless they are restricted by legislation.

1.

Challenge of uncertainty, deception and speculation in the contracts especially those contractual agreements which hindered the way of improvement of transportation and infrastructure were witnessed in many places. According to Nader Habibi, with the emergence of increased contractual bleach cases, Mohammad bin Salman announced Saudi Vision 2030 that aimed at the major transformation of the Saudi Kingdom. One of the main motives behind Vision 2030 as economic plans failed to produce non-fiscal revenue that could reduce the dependency of the state on oil (Habibi,et,al,2019). It was the time when sea transportation was given more importance. During this time, mprovement in infrastructure was of secondary importance for Vision 2030. It could be said that time before the announcement of Vision 2030 was the period of emergence of this challenge (uncertainty, deception and speculation in contracts).

Reference Habibi, N., 2019. Implementing Saudi Arabias Vision 2030 An Interim Balance Sheet

2.

Globalization has been on the rise for several decades now and has provided many opportunities for growth in multiple countries. Due to globalization, the movement of knowledge and mechanical expertise across borders has greatly influenced the economies of multiple countries. This makes globalization as the key factor of growth for emerging markets but the fact is globalization can also be problematic for countries as well (Spahr,et,al,2007,p.7). This is because countries that are facing globalization need regulations that are up to date and will be strong support in times of financial crisis. If these laws and measures are not provided with a high amount of uncertainty and risk can be developed in the workings of that economy.

This uncertainty arises when the rate of globalization is high but the rate of standards implemented in this country is far beyond what is required to stabilize the economys growth. This uncertainty is prevalent in the economy which would effect any business decisions made either domestically or internationally. Uncertainty will influence contractual agreements made between two parties within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and would made all the contracts full of loopholes, it would decrease trust factor in the country.

Reference Spahr, R., 2008. Is Globalization Risky.Globalization,7.

3.

For solving this issue of uncertainty and speculation in contract, few of the basic steps taken include underpinning of principles of Islamic Sharia, the power to enact legislation and observance of laws and regulations issued by Royce Decree etc. According to Joseph for avoiding the issue of deception in contract other steps that taken includes law of choice on which both the parties agree, governing laws mentioned in the contract, observance of the law of the arbitration and lack of language that would be understood by common people easily. Critical evaluation of this article shows, despite describing these solutions still problem of uncertainty, deception and speculation is there. No practical efforts being put for resolving this challenge that hinders improvement in transportation and infrastructure. No change in the traditional ways of society for dealing a deception in the contract is still there which is difficult to solve this challenge.

4.

It has been seen that adaptive change involves auditing of existing systems, responsibilities and roles etc. Approaches that are being used in adaptive changes sometimes result in the rebuilding of the entire contract as uncertainty and speculation could lead towards the redefining of the contract i.e. elimination of overlap and requirement of creating greater efficiencies. Adaptive challenges are easy to deny but difficult to identify, requires changes and beliefs etc. It has been witnessed that different approaches are being used for solving any sort of challenge. Adaptive Challenge Approach could be useful as it paves the way and proposes a solution for the problem (in this case problem of uncertainty and speculation of contract). Adaptive Challenge Approach would be effective for solving this problem as senior management is not going to solicit ideas from staff. The approach used would include reviewing the contract and raising questions. In the given situation approach for dealing with the adaptive challenge would be, making a clear agreement that would be in accordance with the legislation. Characteristics are listed below

Leadership skills.

Willingness to solve the challenge.

Need collective efforts and wisdom for solving the challenge.

Inclusion of legislative.

5.

To address this challenge of uncertainty and speculation within contractual agreements, there is a need to cross current boundaries regarding the understating what is going on in a contract. There would be a need to explore the horizon that no one thought of including in a legal contract. There is a need to focus on other dimensions and going beyond the understanding of the other party.

6.

For coping with the challenge of uncertainty and speculation in the contract, we need to believe that parties involved in the contract can make changes without facing legal restriction. There is a need to change the belief that legislative and law enforcement departments are going to leave the culprit. There is a need to change the belief that any contract involving deception and speculation would be taken for granted by the authority as contracts would be made mainly for improving the transportation and infrastructure. Contracts serve in the best interest of Saudi national development policies so there would be a proper check and balance on such developmental contracts. This believe must be changed that parties are going to damage their reputation as this fact cannot be denied that an action would not be having a consequence.

7.

Uncertainty is one of the greatest challenges that is serving as a barrier to the improvement of transportation and infrastructure. It has been seen that any contract that involves elements i.e. deception, speculation and excessive uncertainty could be used by using the latest technology. The technology could help in getting necessary information about the party that are going to be partners in a contract (Liu,et,al,2012,p.163-171). Technology helps in finding important information regarding any person or company. There are certain sites and search engines that assist in finding information. The technology could be used for clearly representing the plans and record them so that no changes could be made in the represented plans. Technology could be used for preparing the contracts in soft form and shared between the two parties so that no changes could be made without other partys consent. Technology of photo coping could be also used for printing the finalized contract (following legislation) and both the parties could keep each copy. If any party found something wrong, they could check the hard copy of the contract and discuss it with the party who is trying to deceive.

References

Habibi, N., 2019. Implementing Saudi Arabias Vision 2030 An Interim Balance Sheet

Liu, H., Tellez, B.G., Atallah, T. and Barghouty, M., 2012. The role of CO2 capture and storage in Saudi Arabias energy future.International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control,11, pp.163-171.

Spahr, R., 2008. Is Globalization Risky.Globalization,7.

CULTURE

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Subject: Culture

Pages: 4 Words: 1200

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Affirmative Action

Affirmative action is a policy which ensures that everyone who has been a victim of discrimination gets equal opportunities. It was established by President Johnson. Ever since the affirmative action came into existence in the early 1960s it has progressed into a law that is surrounded by great controversy. The reason behind the initiation of the action was quite positive. President Johnson wanted to ensure that there was no discrimination based on class, race and gender in schools and workplace. The idea was never to give priority or opt for favoritism. The only agenda was that every single person gets evaluated equally based on their potential. America is still in need of affirmative law. One of the biggest reason behind this fact is that the discrimination that happened in the past still has a profound effect on the future. Some people still suffer based on their gender and color.

There is a debate that the attitude of society has changed lately. However, the discrimination that people faced in the past has led to poverty. The poverty and the gap it created needs to be tackled with the help of affirmative law. Nowadays, the majority of people in the United States support diversity. Having said that, due to the unfortunate past there is less diversity in schools (Haynes & Alagaraja, 2016). This fact has a significant impact on the overall status of the minorities of the country. There are fewer people of color in the top positions of major firms. Nowadays, the reason for this gap is not mainly racism. The core reason behind this misbalance is the lack of opportunities that people of color got in the past. Due to lesser opportunities, not a lot of minorities were able to get the education that is needed for jobs today.

Lastly, many people claim that discrimination is not accepted in today's society. However, the cases that Shirley J. Wilcher the director of the American Association for Affirmative Action has shown as proof of people still suffering today cannot be ignored. So, it is not like America has been swept clean of racism (Espinoza, 2017). Hence, to create balance and equal opportunities, America still needs affirmative action.

Affirmative action, in general, will bring a lot of benefits in both schools as well as the workplace. When the recruiting team keeps diversity under their consideration they are taking a step towards a more progressive workplace environment. One of the main reasons for it is that diversity has an impact on interpersonal relationships. The entire setup of how the supervisors and managers interact with one another, and how the staff networks improve overall. Further, having diversity in the workplace also promotes the productivity of the human resource department. There is no doubt in the fact that having diversity in the workplace can help companies gain a competitive edge in the global market. When a company targets a more varied segment, an input from a very inclusive perspective can be taken from the employees.

Further, HR expertise can help figure out where to place diverse applicants. This step is essential to take the employees to their potential. One of the best examples of that is, if a company wants to start a tech-savvy project they will probably put together the millennial generation. They will not ask an employee to form the older generation to be part of the group. Similarly, if a company wants to know about what triggers the Indian market, they will ask an Indian employee. Mostly organization look at the HR department for diversity training. The main idea is for HR to give in-house training so every employee is more inclusive (Weiss, 2018). The supervisors and managers benefit from this nature of training regardless of the employee being from a minority group. Lastly, HR must look for a more varied pool of candidates to enrich the culture of the organization. Recruiting black applicants’ fresh out of colleges, or targeting women can help achieve that. Further, the company can simply post and add which showcases equality to help get the attention of the diverse group.

References

Espinoza, M. (2017). The Integration of the UCLA School of Law, 1966—1978: Architects of Affirmative Action. Lexington Books.

Weiss, T. G. (2018). The United Nations and changing world politics. Routledge.

Haynes, R., & Alagaraja, M. (2016). On the discourse of affirmative action and reservation in the United States and India: clarifying HRD’s role in fostering global diversity. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 18(1), 69-87.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Ancient Greece And Rome - Alive Today

Name

Instructors’ Name

Course Title and Code

Date

Ancient Greece and Rome - Alive Today

Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations have always been the point of learning and inspiration for the modern world. Even when there was least technological and scientific advancement, the Greek, as well as Roman empires, were able to excel in each and every field of life, ranging from art, sculpture, painting, architecture, to the educational advancement in the field of philosophy, religion, politics and establishing the progressive patterns of society. Art, architecture, social and political systems of the society, as well as a philosophy, were the main features of Roman and Greek civilization which have impacted the modern society.

Art is one of the most important aspects of the Greek as well as Roman civilization, which has impacted the standards of modern society. Painting and sculpture were the main elements of the art of these civilizations. The Greeks focused their sculpturing towards the figures of gods and goddesses, while the Romans gave preference to sculpturing the human figures. They also used marble in order to ensure long-lasting sculptures. The example is applied in our contemporary culture as the sculptures of ancient Rome and Greece are the source of learning for the modern society due to their intricate details (Fagan, and Scarre).

Architecture is another important aspect of the Greek and Roman civilizations which have impacted the modern world. The Greeks invented the use of the column in the buildings, while the Romans introduced the intricate designing of the columns. In addition to it, the Greeks also built the aqueducts and bridges, which stood tall for hundreds of years and provided inspiration to modern architecture. The idea of modern sports stadiums has been derived from the Roman practice of curved roofs, which is an example of the utilization of ancient culture in modern society (Sansone).

The social systems of the Roman and Greek empire are also an example of modern society. The ancient civilizations focused on the group interaction and sharing of knowledge and expertise among the general public, which brought them closer. The modern society is utilizing it in the way that it is aware of the importance of group collaboration and support for achieving some cause. This group interaction is the example of the social values inculcated by the ancient civilizations in modern society (Blundell).

The political systems of the Roman and Greek empire are also an example for modern society as they utilized the system of connecting to the lower segments of the society. The government officials were divided into different ranks and were responsible for communicating the issues and problems of the different segments of society to the upper level of the government. This system of governance is still being used in modern society which is an example of the utilization of ancient culture in modern society.

Philosophy was also an important feature of Roman and Greek civilizations. The philosophers of ancient time pondered upon the system of the earth and world, as well as on the working of the society and devised the laws, which are still being utilized by the people of the modern world.

The ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece have been quite important in the progress and prosperity of modern society as they have provided insight into different aspects and working of society. Their inventions, technological development as well as the means of art and architecture have inspired the modern societies and provided them a chance to take this advancement to a new level of technological progress. The practices and value of ancient civilization have a greater impact on modern society and exploring this was not a new realization.

Works Cited

Blundell, Sue. The Origins of Civilization in Greek and Roman Thought (Routledge Revivals). Routledge, 2016.

Fagan, Brian M., and Chris Scarre. Ancient Civilizations. Routledge, 2016.

Sansone, David. Ancient Greek Civilization. John Wiley & Sons, 2016.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

ApA

ApA

Your Name (First M. Last)

School or Institution Name (University at Place or Town, State)

.

Message

“Compassion and individual”

URL link of the selected message:

https://www.dalailama.com/messages/compassion-and-human-values/compassion

Introduction

In the selected message, the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists is giving a message about happiness that a person should stay happy as it is the main purpose for which human is created. He also emphasizes on the point that everyone in this world wants happiness and no one wanted to have sufferings in life. He mentions that both happiness and suffering could be categorized into two categories i.e. psychological and physical.

Discussion

By taking a look at Dalai's message that has been selected, it could be seen that he is explaining the purpose of life that is quite close to the Buddhist's purpose of life. By having an in-depth analysis of Buddhism, it becomes quite clear that according to it, one of the primary purposes of life is to end all the sufferings. According to Buddha, the main cause of human sufferings is his continuously strive, for things that would never give him everlasting happiness. It could be seen that throughout the life, a person just wanted to hold his family, materialistic things, health, youth, and friends but at the end he comes to know that he failed in holding any of these things and this failure of holding his beloved people and things causes great sorrow. Buddhism never denies the fact that there are many things in this world that makes an individual happy but he considers them ever lasting. He believes that these things would stay forever, and our attachment to these things makes us suffer from sorrow. Buddhism not only points towards the purpose of life but also gives us solutions as well for staying happy. Buddhism teaches all the humans a solution and this solution is, humans should consider this fact that worldly things after which they are running after, are actually impermanent so, they should get themselves free from such things by avoiding any attachment. The path that goes towards happiness starts with understanding and recognizing cause of sufferings. Happiness could be found best in love and compassion as love is the only thing that all humans cherish the most.

Dalai claims that happiness could be achieved by making our inner selves satisfy. Inner satisfaction could be achieved through love and compassion. A man should not attach himself to temporary things like family, friends and other appealing things but he should keep this thing in mind that sufferings are of two kinds, physical and mental. In both kinds of suffering, a man needs love and care of closed ones. This fact cannot be denied that happiness could be achieved only after ending the sufferings so by avoiding any attachment with these temporary entities, man should spread love and take care of others. When one is going to take care of others only then others are going to take care of him. Buddhism also teaches that when one becomes more concerned about the well-being and happiness of others without being attached then he would feel satisfied. Inner satisfaction is essential for happiness. Both Dalai and Buddhism claim that mental peace could be achieved by having warm feelings of love and compassion for others.

According to Buddhism, mental suffering is one of the main causes that make people unhappiness, so mental suffering should be eliminated first that would be possible only after getting mental peace. By analyzing purpose of life, it could be said that the concept of happiness that has been given by Buddhism should be applied in modern life, so that sufferings of people could be minimized. Happiness should be spread in the world as it could be seen that one of the most evident problems at present is the lack of mental peace that could be achieved easily by following the teachings of Buddhism. Living a life that could not comfort others could be said a purposeless life. There is a need for man to think about the fact; things being considered permanent is a false conception as nothing in this world is going to stay forever. Even human that is the favorite creation of Creator is temporary, so despite wasting life in sorrows one must find happiness as it is the sole purpose of life and man is being sent to the earth for having a contented and happy life.

Conclusion

The reason for selecting this message is that this message could be easily applied in the present situation. This message gives a passion to love others, so as a whole, it could be seen that if every individual is going to take this message seriously and would act upon it, most of the world's issues would be resolved. Dalai is torching a light of the purpose for which man has been sent to this world so this message is of extreme importance.

References

The Office of His Holiness The Dalai Lama | The 14th Dalai Lama. (2019). The 14th Dalai Lama. Retrieved 6 April 2019, from https://www.dalailama.com/messages

Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

Argumentative Analysis

Name of student

Name of institution

Name of instructor

Date

Argumentative analysis

Crash is a movie produced in 2004 and portrays the manner in which people relate to one another in the society. People in the current century are so held up with other things that rarely, do they take time to mingle with others. At the start of the film, Graham claims that people in the city have lost so much touch so much that they will just crash into one another so that they can feel the sense of touch. The happenings in the movie prove that in deed people have lost touch and that is why there is a lot of confrontations. First, there is a lot racism depicted in the movie with characters hurling racial insults at one another. It is a fact that has made the movie to depict the society as a people who are not together. In another scene, two black men complain about the increasing level of racism that makes it hard for them to live in the society. The violence depicted in the film also shows the extent to which human beings are in conflict with one another. The only time that they come together is when they want to have a sense of touch, which is a thing that happens rarely.

Contrary to the first thought, it is also correct to say that society has not lost touch to a large extent. It only depends on the people that they are interacting with. In the film, there are many instances that show cohesions between people. First, Antony and Peter can be seen to be together in relation to the things that they want to accomplish. They are also together while talking about the things that they have to face as black people. The manner in which people within the security department are organized to fight crime also proves that they have a touch with one another. They always come together so that they can fight the criminals who are always planning crime.

Works cited

Child, Ben (12 August 2015). "Paul Haggis: Crash didn't deserve best picture Oscar". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 December 2016.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Assignment

Social Media

[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Social Media

Module 1 Discussion 1

In the business world, thanks to social media, the communication between companies and customers is not one with one-way direction, as people can directly and publicly message brands. On the other hand, companies can directly receive feedback on their services and quickly shape their strategies according to that. In a personal relationship, social media had added another way to connect and communicate with our significant others. On top of that, they have created a new way to publicly show the relationship between two people. If we examine romantic relationships for example, some years ago, only the very inner circle of a couple would know their romantic status; now, even distant acquaintances can be informed of the relationship status change of two people. This constant connection has also created new expectations of communication from the people (and companies) we know. As users of social media, we expect an instant response to our requests and messages in the virtual world and at the same time, we feel the need to do this for the others, often neglecting the people that sit next to us in the real world. There are both merits and demerits of social media pertaining to workplace use. There are no advantages of using social media at work unless the use is solely to track the company's social media trends. The disadvantage would be to use the time that they were supposed to use to socialize with friends. This means the business will be paying for their own personal use of social media when in fact they should be doing what they were hired to do. I know about some companies that decline applicants for positions because they have too many friends on social media. This is an indication that they spend way too much time on social media.

Module 1 Discussion 2

The article highlights some of the most common issues pertaining to professional vs personal speech. One of the most common issues is about drawing the line between personal versus professional speech. This question raised in the article is very critical that who will determine and dictate online connections of an individual. The second issue is that social media platforms are also evolving and every platform is different from other. Social media platforms blur this line themselves ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"oA8oGCGN","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Liebler & Chaney, 2014)","plainCitation":"(Liebler & Chaney, 2014)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1310,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/4KWICHA9"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/4KWICHA9"],"itemData":{"id":1310,"type":"article-journal","title":"Here we are now, entertain us: Defining the line between personal and professional context on social media","container-title":"Pace L. Rev.","page":"398","volume":"35","author":[{"family":"Liebler","given":"Raizel"},{"family":"Chaney","given":"Keidra"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2014"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Liebler & Chaney, 2014). I also faced these challenges and I believe the strategies of being conscious of what one is sharing on social media is a great way to prevent such issues.

I also agree with the notion that when using social media, it is tough to draw the line between professional and personal content. With every post, every opinion shared raises the question of how one is perceived. It is worth mentioning that the intention of the speaker is somewhat lost between the ever-changing policies and functionality of the social media platforms. It can be problematic for the employees if employers are putting unnecessary restrictions on the way they use social media. In addition, if employers are not clarifying restrictions at the time of employment, it will be problematic for both parties.

Module 2 Discussion 1

In my opinion and based on the reading, using the right strategies can result in the great outcomes for the company. One of these strategies that can help a company in this regard is personal targeting as given in the example of Lexus. Along with that, the technique of storytelling is great to spur action from the audience rather than the constant self-promotion. Merely chasing engagement without effective communication to the right audience and targeting is useless in this era. Both these strategies can be helpful in making the most of social media advertisements and will allow reaching the right audience. Looking at the marketing examples from the article "5 Brands That Got Social Media Right in 2015,", the one that resonates me more is the Clash of Clans mobile game’s Super Bowl ad. This commercial became the most popular of its era ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"pMA1FNWE","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Daykin, 2015)","plainCitation":"(Daykin, 2015)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1312,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/XFY79E5H"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/XFY79E5H"],"itemData":{"id":1312,"type":"article-newspaper","title":"Five brands that got social media right in 2015","container-title":"The Guardian","section":"Media Network","source":"www.theguardian.com","abstract":"From Lexus offering 100 different ads on Facebook to Clash of Clans’ video storytelling, here are some of the best social media campaigns from 2015","URL":"https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2015/dec/16/brands-social-media-best-2015","ISSN":"0261-3077","language":"en-GB","author":[{"family":"Daykin","given":"Jerry"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2015",12,16]]},"accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Daykin, 2015).

The ad creates the mood to take revenge and evokes the emotions of rage in one person. Further, it excites the audience on what is there in-game that is so captivating to grab all the attention of the player. The way Neeson takes his persona of ‘Taken’ to seek revenge from his online rivals evokes viewers with the thoughts of how it feels to take revenge.

Module 2 Discussion 2

An analysis of the social media presence of big brands reveals that not a single big name can afford to ignore social media. Coca-Cola Company is on a mission to be the most optimistic brands on social media platforms ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"lhhSjhEv","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Fulgoni, 2015)","plainCitation":"(Fulgoni, 2015)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1311,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/NFPDWGSU"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/NFPDWGSU"],"itemData":{"id":1311,"type":"article-journal","title":"How Brands Using Social Media Ignite Marketing and Drive Growth: Measurement of Paid Social Media Appears Solid But Are the Metrics for Organic Social Overstated?","container-title":"Journal of Advertising Research","page":"232-236","volume":"55","issue":"3","author":[{"family":"Fulgoni","given":"Gian M."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2015"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Fulgoni, 2015). They engage with more than 8 million followers, spreading the message of positivity. Nike is a social media leader as it creates a community of its consumers online and connects its fans together. American Red Cross uses social media tools in emergency and disaster management and to find out about road accidents to provide lifesaving blood. Twitter is the common platform which all of these companies employ as part of their social media strategy. There are countless examples of the success of social media strategies and campaigns initiated by these brands. Companies have been able to generate popular attention from their fans and consumers. The campaigns also highlight the impacts of social media advertising strategy as discussed in the article. However, the ads of coke persuading teens towards buying a coke have the ethical implication of promoting obesity through these sugary carbonated drinks. No potential of pitfalls has been observed in the social media campaigns of these companies that I have analyzed.

Module 3 Discussion 1

It is agreed that we are living in the age of attention economy and the so-called attention economy is rewarding to what people give their attention to. Hence, everyone is behind attention and using the networks, and computers to get attention to get the monetary reward. For instance, any service or app or celebrity or organization, when they get attention, it generates money ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"8U7KA87D","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Goldhaber, 1997)","plainCitation":"(Goldhaber, 1997)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1314,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/GEP4P6SI"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/GEP4P6SI"],"itemData":{"id":1314,"type":"article-journal","title":"The attention economy and the Net","container-title":"First Monday","volume":"2","issue":"4","source":"uncommonculture.org","abstract":"If the Web and the Net can be viewed as spaces in which we will increasingly live our lives, the economic laws we will live under have to be natural to this new space.","URL":"https://uncommonculture.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/519","DOI":"10.5210/fm.v2i4.519","ISSN":"13960466","language":"en-US","author":[{"family":"Goldhaber","given":"Michael H."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1997",4,7]]},"accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Goldhaber, 1997).

I do not agree with the statement that the new advertising world is unsettling for the old advertisers, marketing agencies. The technology boom of the 1990s created a vivid picture of how everything will look like. It was understandable that after the dotcom bubble will burst, it will impact marketing and advertising and marketing as well ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"ckmXZ58J","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}The ultimate marketing machine,\\uc0\\u8221{} 2006)","plainCitation":"(“The ultimate marketing machine,” 2006)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1322,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/C5C223KM"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/C5C223KM"],"itemData":{"id":1322,"type":"article-magazine","title":"The ultimate marketing machine","container-title":"The Economist","source":"The Economist","abstract":"Thanks to the power of the internet, advertising is becoming less wasteful and its value more measurable","URL":"https://www.economist.com/special-report/2006/07/06/the-ultimate-marketing-machine","ISSN":"0013-0613","issued":{"date-parts":[["2006",7,6]]},"accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“The ultimate marketing machine,” 2006).

It is very true that the age of the internet and data mining is a panopticon. Everything about a consumer is being noticed and sold to attain marketing goals. This has become very common that even when one is not being observed, it is assumed that they are being observed. The industry of behavioral and personal information is of billions.

The political advertising is definitely the most adverse type of advertising because in this type of advertising, the general public is persuaded for votes. The appealing power of advertisement is used for the non-factual truths and critics also emphasize to ban this type of advertising.

Module 3 Discussion 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JchALYBVEGw

The Coca-Cola 'Together Is Beautiful' Commercial was originally aired in 2014 and it is a beautiful ad that promotes the beauty in diversity. This ad grabbed my attention when it was aired owing to the message of diversity acceptance that it delivers to the audience. In the ad, the culturally diverse America together sings a song that illustrates the beauty of diversity. It gives a very beautiful message, if all the races are together like this, America will be a beautiful place to live. In addition, it highlights the beauty that lies in living together in love and peace. One more message that it tries to give is that the Coca-Cola Company promotes love and discourages racism. Its products are targeted at everybody without any discrimination of colour, sex and ethnic background. It creates an emotional connection especially with the minorities living in America. I believe the strategy will be effective to make the product sell faster in culturally diverse settings in culturally diverse America. African Americans have always been subject to racism and discriminatory behavior in America, and this advertisement highly discourages prejudice. This is something that evokes emotions of especially those who have ever been subjected to racism.

Module 3 Assignment 1

For the purpose of this final project, the topic I have selected is Social Media. In this digital age, social media is a very vast topic and one can discuss the topic in multiple domains and many directions. I will restrict my discussion and research to the social media in marketing and advertising. One aspect that would be discussed would be that how the digital marketing, especially pertaining to marketing through social media, has overcome the traditional marketing. Furthermore, I will discuss, how big brands are leveraging social media to attain their marketing objectives, such as Nike, Dominos and Zappos. After that, I will talk about the ways social media advertising and presence allow a company to build their brands in the most effective way. To increase brand engagement, companies must engage with their consumers to create an emotional appeal to them, and companies cannot get a better platform than social media for that.

Social Media has allowed anyone and everyone with an opinion about anything become sudden experts in the area they are arguing about. In the same fashion, the negative impacts of social media advertising and presence have also been highlighted by some experts. Customer voice can also result in a negative consequence for the company and refraining from negative publicity is not very easy for the companies. Excess of social media is the result of the philosophy of "move fast and break things" that has some disruptive impacts for the society as well. I will discuss my topic from all these viewpoints.

Module 4 Discussion 1

Product Placement and product integration are the two most common marketing techniques that involve the incorporation of a product in movies, songs and TV shows to grab customer's attention. I believe the unintentional inclusion of a product is what makes these techniques effective and it is integrated in the way that aligns with the script. The most ineffective example of product placement and integration is when there is nothing in the scene except for the prominence of the product.

One of the most effective examples of product placement that I remember is from the movie Superman when Christopher Reeve's Superman tosses General Zod into the Coca-Cola sign. In the same scene, the large Marlboro truck is also ignored by the audience after the exploding Coca-Cola signage. The scene is funny as well as attention-grabbing. Here is the link to that scene, which stays in the memory of viewers of movie https://youtu.be/vkfUUqowQjA. I do not find anything unethical in Product Placement and product integration, as it is a marketing technique like many others to grab potential customer's attention. Filmmakers are paid to incorporate a product or a service in movie script or dialogue, which eventually grabs audience attention.

Module 4 Assignment 1

Post:

The most pervasive issue in the USA is "racism" and it affects schools and colleges throughout the country. However, it can be prevented through self-awareness, self-reflection, and professional development. Only the ignorant and incompetent would seek refuge through racism and violence

Social Media Strategy

Before propelling a web-based campaign, I initially choose what my essential (and auxiliary objectives) for the campaign are. I, at that point, must rundown out how I will gauge whether the campaign has arrived at its objectives. Some shared objectives for online life battles include: lead age, direct deals and expanded brand or item awareness. Global SEO is undeniably progressively troublesome as the challenge for the key phrases includes each site on earth inside that space. Social media is, by nature, social and encourages conversation between parties. Many of the platforms are also now encouraging consumption of visual content like video and images. I'd pick some of these elements that are related to your product and figure out how you can be successful with them.

Variance from platform to platform

Each social media platform appeals to different demographics, so one ad for all platforms is going to work for some and fall flat for others. Varying your ad within each platform will also let you A/B test so you know which graphic/headline/CTA appeals the most. When picking which platform(s) to run my social crusade on, I made if there were explicit principles for running an advancement on that site. For instance, Facebook has extremely severe standards on where I could run an advancement on my Timeline and how I selected and contacted a champ. Damaging these standards could bring about the end of your whole business Timeline.

Challenges

Social media has its own criteria to measure a successful post or campaign. Social media is indeed a very young industry and it will be interesting to see how this measurement evolves because it is the question that CEO's and owners are asking of the marketing team. In addition, most of the social media campaigns are not prepared to handle the two-way nature of the conversation in the social media space. While some of that conversation will be positive for the campaign. Over time, it is likely that negative feedback will creep into the conversation as well. How the campaign owner handles this can have long-lasting consequences on the campaign itself. Time is definitely a major factor in social media campaigns. It does take a certain dedication and investment of time to keep a presence on social media outlets such as Twitter, Facebook, Yelp, and Foursquare.

Target Audience

Target audience depends on the type of product you are selling. If using the tool of social media for selling product and services that includes Facebook. Twitter that helps you connect to most of the people you want to know. The target audience can be based on their age group, their geographical factors and others. On Social media one may know his friends, relatives, and others which are further helpful in promoting your product, you can also create your own Facebook page, the person with interest in your product will follow or like the page and from there audience can be targeted. The target audience for this campaign were the people who, either reject racism, lacerate it or have been affected by racism. These are the people who would resonate my narrative and support it.

Accomplishment of campaign

The major accomplishment of the campaign was; it created awareness in the people regarding racism. In addition, most of the people who, once, were racist to some extent accepted cultural diversity. Moreover, the campaign was not only centred on racism but also focused on the promotion of cultural diversity and its benefits. The campaign broadened the thinking domain and perspective of the people. The campaign boosted the confidence in the people who, because of racism, were being marginalized to raise a voice for their rights.

Module 5 Discussion 1

In the digital age, the digital news revolution has resulted in a significant transformation in the newsroom. The digital revolution has resulted in a sharing economy where the audience has control over what they see rather than the publishers. The good part is that it has created a lot of opportunities and they work hard to make their content worth sharing, in addition, they also take into account social media analytics to create an impact ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"7VKe1o8D","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}Sharing the News,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)","plainCitation":"(“Sharing the News,” n.d.)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1316,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/J2XHQNEW"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/J2XHQNEW"],"itemData":{"id":1316,"type":"post-weblog","title":"Sharing the News: The Transformation of Journalism in the Digital Age – Kosmos Journal","URL":"https://www.kosmosjournal.org/article/sharing-the-news-the-transformation-of-journalism-in-the-digital-age/","title-short":"Sharing the News","language":"en-US","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Sharing the News,” n.d.). One negative aspect can be that the focus in mere on grabbing attention and in doing so news companies have strayed from the rules of professional journalism. News is not doing what they are supposed to do and the ultimate goals of news companies, the business of producing news have also been challenged. As a result, their entire focus is on grabbing attention rather than only sharing information. The worst example of journalism that I witnessed was the videos shared on Twitter in that highlight Trump calling all the immigrants "animal". The link to one such video is https://twitter.com/i/status/996845374819192833. I declare it one of the worst moments of journalism of 2018 as it resulted in immense negativity, rage and hatred. At the same time, the truth behind the video is also questioned.

Module 5 Assignment 1

Baasiri, D. (n.d.). How To Boost Your Brand Through An Effective Social Media Strategy. Retrieved October 23, 2019, from Forbes website: https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbescommunicationscouncil/2016/12/15/how-to-boost-your-brand-through-an-effective-social-media-strategy/

This article was published by one of the council members of Forbes and it highlights the ways companies are using social media to create an impact. Furthermore, it highlights what makes an effective social media strategy and the ways companies are doing efforts to increase engagement. It will help in my topic of how social media advertising works.

Barbara, J. (n.d.). Is Social Media Bad For Business? Retrieved October 23, 2019, from Forbes website: https://www.forbes.com/sites/julietbarbara/2012/11/11/is-social-media-bad-for-business/

The author of this article is a tech optimistic and works in a Digital Communications agency. She highlights how the overhyped social media can also create disruptions for the business giving an example of McDonald's twitter disasters. Thus, she advises businesses to take into account different risks pertaining to social media.

Dwivedi, Y. K., Kapoor, K. K., & Chen, H. (2015). Social media marketing and advertising. The Marketing Review, 15(3), 289–309.

Authors of this study explore the literature based on 72 articles to highlight the trends in social media marketing. One of the most popular features of the social media marketing that makes it popular is personalized targeting. It makes a valuable addition to knowledge on social media marketing highlighting what benefits the traditional media lacked.

Habibi, M. R., Laroche, M., & Richard, M.-O. (2014). The roles of brand community and community engagement in building brand trust on social media. Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 152–161.

Authors belong to the department of Concordia University and base their research on the topic of brand trust and customer engagement via social media. It unearths how companies build customer trust through customer engagement which results in their brand being put in a positive light in consumer's minds for positive brand building.

Järvinen, J., Tollinen, A., Karjaluoto, H., & Jayawardhena, C. (2012). Digital and social media marketing usage in B2B industrial section. Marketing Management Journal, 22(2).

This paper explores the use of hyped social media in B2B marketing and showcases various barriers alongside realistic overview. Huge audience and the variety of benefits it offers, social media is more effective than traditional media for advertising and marketing purposes, especially for B2C companies unless they update themselves according to the changing demands of these platforms.

McNamee, R. (n.d.). Explaining corrosive effects of social media. Retrieved October 23, 2019, from SHINE website: https://www.shine.cn/opinion/foreign-views/1802220666/

McNamee unearthed some factors about the outcomes of excessive use of social media on the society, unknowingly. Advertisers are leveraged by the personalization techniques that social media platforms offer in terms of personalization. They can now target their message with unprecedented accuracy and in doing so they are creating false realities. Excess social media by companies has some negative impacts as well that is also an aspect of my topic.

Moro, S., Rita, P., & Vala, B. (2016). Predicting social media performance metrics and evaluation of the impact on brand building: A data mining approach. Journal of Business Research, 69(9), 3341–3351.

Authors in this study explore the role of data metrics in social media performance and make an addition to the literature that companies when building brands through social media, corporations must know their customers. In addition, they must be active and take care of data analytics that impacts brand building.

Mulhern, F. (2009). Integrated marketing communications: From media channels to digital connectivity. Journal of Marketing Communications, 15(2–3), 85–101.

Author of this paper explores how in the age of digital communication marketing communication has influenced. Traditional forms of advertising are no more applicable to attract customers. The digitized world demands integrated communication based on consumer insight, and data-driven decision making. It supplements the topic of my paper that makes a comparison of conventional and digital marketing.

Vo, Y. (2018, April 21). Negative Impacts Of Social Media On Business & Employees. Retrieved October 23, 2019, from Medium website: https://medium.com/@vothiquynhyen/negative-impacts-of-social-media-on-business-employees-4e5ae2eda2ce

The author highlights some of the negative impacts social media prevalence can produce for the company. Unhappy and dissatisfied customers are always free to criticize the brand and the issues they ever faced in dealing with a product or a service. It is not very easy to take corrective action in such cases

Yasmin, A., Tasneem, S., & Fatema, K. (2015a). Effectiveness of digital marketing in the challenging age: An empirical study. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 1(5), 69–80.

The authors highlight that in order to enhance the effectiveness of digital marketing techniques, marketers bring brands closer to their customers. One way of doing this is to create an emotional appeal is therefore leveraged and consumers feel a sense of community when engaging with their brand online such as McDonald's. It emphasizes how companies enhance digital marketing effectiveness, pertaining to my key topic.

Module 6 Discussion 1

If I share my experience of reading the newspaper, I find this experience great and I believe it serves the audience in the most effective ways. Moving from link to link feels very organized. Reading the newspaper online is more convenient and I agree with the statement that millennials like to get news on the go.

The website and the social media pages and accounts of the company set it apart from other businesses. The website load stories very fast and the effecting of its operations are also visible in its social media account. In doing my research I was able to locate an article discussing the revolution of Washington Post. Here is the link to the article: https://www.cjr.org/q_and_a/washington_post_bezos_amazon_revolution.php.

The media company I have selected for this is Facebook, a social media platform that wants to connect the people, governments, media organizations, and creating ease in their lives. For this purpose, Facebook is making investments in product development, data analytics and virtual reality, engagement tools and videos ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"c7cHIrnY","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}Where the digital dollars have gone,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)","plainCitation":"(“Where the digital dollars have gone,” n.d.)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1318,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/IR25Q7F5"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/IR25Q7F5"],"itemData":{"id":1318,"type":"webpage","title":"Where the digital dollars have gone","container-title":"Columbia Journalism Review","abstract":"<p>How 15 major media companies (yes, that includes Google and Facebook) have invested in new technology</p>","URL":"https://www.cjr.org/special_report/digital_dollars_money_investment_innovation_media_business.php/","language":"en","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Where the digital dollars have gone,” n.d.).

Fake news has a history and due to this public trust in media has always been diminishing. Fake news is very common in this digital age, especially in the age of social media because the speed at which the information flows in the hundredth part of a second, floating fake news is very easy ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"paaGt8Rd","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}The real history of fake news,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)","plainCitation":"(“The real history of fake news,” n.d.)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1320,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/25HSLQ3J"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/25HSLQ3J"],"itemData":{"id":1320,"type":"webpage","title":"The real history of fake news","container-title":"Columbia Journalism Review","abstract":"<p>In an 1807 letter to John Norvell, a young go-getter who had asked how to best run a newspaper, Thomas Jefferson penned what today would make for a fiery Medium post condemning fake news. “It is a melancholy truth, that a suppression of the press could not more compleatly [sic] deprive the nation of its […]</p>","URL":"https://www.cjr.org/special_report/fake_news_history.php/","language":"en","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“The real history of fake news,” n.d.).

Module 6 Discussion 2

The New York Times is published in New York City and it is one of the most appreciated morning newspapers. Since the news company has established, it is known as the paper that reports news in an objective fashion. It is respected internationally and its prestige enhanced after risky exploitation of the sinking Titanic incident. Its coverage of the incident enhanced its reputation greatly. In 1995, the online edition of The Times came that introduced subscription service. Its online edition has also been able to grab the audience's attention. The social media platforms pages and accounts utilize the new techniques of storytelling and voice. The company effectively uses Facebook, Twitter and other platforms and I consider it an objective news organization since it has won 27 Pulitzer Prizes, higher than any other newspaper. Its editorial excellence is the strength of the company. In my opinion, at this age, it is not possible for any news company to refrain from the issues of misleading information to the public. However, I believe it serves to illustrate the true pictures and shares what the community seeks. If I got the chance to make any changes in this organization, I would have worked to expand its subscription with no cost to farthest regions of the world too.

Module 7 Discussion 1

In this digital age, the copyright laws are a must to protect the rights of the creator while not stifling expression. In both the cases, I believe the decision was fair but in the case, The Authors Guild v. Google, I believe the fact that libraries will use the books in alignment with the copyright laws was not a fair deal. Google's display of snippets cannot be considered as non-infringing fair uses ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"THXNfKU4","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}Authors Guild v. Google, Inc.,\\uc0\\u8221{} 2015)","plainCitation":"(“Authors Guild v. Google, Inc.,” 2015)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1307,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/V58C74AV"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/V58C74AV"],"itemData":{"id":1307,"type":"webpage","title":"Authors Guild v. Google, Inc.","container-title":"Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center","abstract":"Plaintiffs, authors of published books under copyright, filed suit against Google for copyright infringement. Google, acting without permission of rights holders, has made digital copies of tens ...","URL":"https://fairuse.stanford.edu/case/authors-guild-v-google-inc/","language":"en-US","issued":{"date-parts":[["2015",10,16]]},"accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Authors Guild v. Google, Inc.,” 2015). I would tend to disagree with this decision and believe that the right remains to the authors of the book. In the case of Shepard Fairey, the decision was fair since it emphasized sharing the rights to make and issue posters and merchandise bearing the Hope image and Fairey also agreed not to use any AP photo without obtaining a license. In the age of Google, sharing of copyrighted material owing to the powerful search engines and their tools helps to decide the fair use and compensation. Google is a powerful company and is defensive in case of criticism, the fair use is something blurry ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"TanE3ajL","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(\\uc0\\u8220{}What\\uc0\\u8217{}s a Fair Share In the Age of Google?,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)","plainCitation":"(“What’s a Fair Share In the Age of Google?,” n.d.)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":1304,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/4EZDD4AE"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/orkqtrjP/items/4EZDD4AE"],"itemData":{"id":1304,"type":"webpage","title":"What's a Fair Share In the Age of Google?","container-title":"Columbia Journalism Review","abstract":"How to think about news in the link economy","URL":"https://www.cjr.org/feature/whats_a_fair_share_in_the_age.php","language":"en","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",10,24]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“What’s a Fair Share In the Age of Google?,” n.d.). Google must own the responsibility of being the problem solver and solution provider in this case.

References

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Authors Guild v. Google, Inc. (2015, October 16). Retrieved October 24, 2019, from Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center website: https://fairuse.stanford.edu/case/authors-guild-v-google-inc/

Daykin, J. (2015, December 16). Five brands that got social media right in 2015. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/media-network/2015/dec/16/brands-social-media-best-2015

Fulgoni, G. M. (2015). How Brands Using Social Media Ignite Marketing and Drive Growth: Measurement of Paid Social Media Appears Solid But Are the Metrics for Organic Social Overstated? Journal of Advertising Research, 55(3), 232–236.

Goldhaber, M. H. (1997). The attention economy and the Net. First Monday, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v2i4.519

Liebler, R., & Chaney, K. (2014). Here we are now, entertain us: Defining the line between personal and professional context on social media. Pace L. Rev., 35, 398.

Sharing the News: The Transformation of Journalism in the Digital Age – Kosmos Journal. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2019, from https://www.kosmosjournal.org/article/sharing-the-news-the-transformation-of-journalism-in-the-digital-age/

The real history of fake news. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2019, from Columbia Journalism Review website: https://www.cjr.org/special_report/fake_news_history.php/

The ultimate marketing machine. (2006, July 6). The Economist. Retrieved from https://www.economist.com/special-report/2006/07/06/the-ultimate-marketing-machine

What’s a Fair Share In the Age of Google? (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2019, from Columbia Journalism Review website: https://www.cjr.org/feature/whats_a_fair_share_in_the_age.php

Where the digital dollars have gone. (n.d.). Retrieved October 24, 2019, from Columbia Journalism Review website: https://www.cjr.org/special_report/digital_dollars_money_investment_innovation_media_business.php/

Subject: Culture

Pages: 12 Words: 3600

Assignment

Diversity and inclusive culture in organizations

Your Name (First M. Last)

School or Institution Name (University at Place or Town, State)

Accenture and Kaiser Permanente; diversity and inclusion programs

At present, the world has become a global village and people from different races, nations, gender, and color work together for achieving the set organizational goals. Diversity at the workplace points toward the total makeup and development of employee workforce and at the same time it points towards the amount of diversity included. Organizational diversity means the difference in personality traits such as age, marital status, gender, color ethnic origin, religion and nationality, etc. Most of the companies know that diversity could play an important role in boosting productivity, financial performance, and innovation. Taking a look at the performance and efforts being made for promoting diversity, two companies are very famous Accenture and Kaiser Permanente. Both of these companies have successfully implemented diversity and inclusion programs.

Key factors to the success of diversity

Companies policies of Accenture regarding diversity is among the main factor that has made it a successful company. It believes that discrimination should be discouraged no matter who is being victimized and against for any of the differences such as age, disability, ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation and color voice should be raised (Daugherty et al, 2019). Key factor of its success is its diversity training which is categorized into three categories i.e. awareness regarding diversity (helping people in making them understand of the benefits of the working in a diverse organization), management of diversity (to equip higher management in managing diversified organization) and professional development (ethnically diverse groups i.e. women, minorities and LGBT people skillful for achieving success).

Impact of factors on Accenture

Diversity and inclusive culture are giving confidence to the ethnic minorities and women are being given prominent representation in HR. impact of the promoting of diversity and inclusive could be seen in Accenture by taking a look at the hiring of 18,000 employees who belong to diverse backgrounds. An increase in the number of women employees in Accenture could be viewed as a positive impact on diversity. For in 2016 the number of women in the workforce was 10,000 but it is expected that in 2020 women in the workforce would increase up to 40%

Kaiser Permanente to the success of diversity

It is promoting the idea of having no racial majority at its workplace as around 60 % of its employees comprises people of different colors. It is trying to create a workforce that would be culturally sensitive and focuses on the elimination of then cultural barriers of communication by teaching language skills to its employees (Shaw et al, 2019, p. 11-13). Cultural competence, inclusion, and diversity are the key factors of success of Kaiser Permanente and their framework of diversity comprises of Board of Director who mandated the National Diversity Agenda to achieve the following

Planning to increase its membership by implementing approaches of market segmentation

Provision of cultural competence for increasing the provision of improved health services to the diverse group.

Efforts for increasing skills and performance of the diverse workforce.

Impact of factors on the organization

Implementation of the diversity in Kaiser Permanente is assisting the provision of better healthcare services to the people. Diversity is positively influencing the working environment of this organization and Kaiser P is responding to diverse populations who are seeking their help in the field of healthcare (Copeland et al, 2019, pp. 43-59). Positive impacts of implementing diversity become evident when it is providing high-quality health care services to its employees and communities it is working in. diversity has made it possible for Kaiser Permanente to provide affordable and accessible healthcare especially to those who are belonged to underserved and vulnerable communities.

References

Copeland, R. L., Wong, W. F., Jones, J., & Edmunds, M. (2019). Using Information Technology at Kaiser Permanente to Support Health Equity. In Consumer Informatics and Digital Health (pp. 43-59). Springer, Cham.

Daugherty, P. R., Wilson, H. J., & Chowdhury, R. (2019). Using Artificial Intelligence to Promote Diversity. MIT Sloan Management Review, 60(2), 1.

Shaw, G. (2019). Online Diversity Training May Have Limited Benefits, Study Finds: So What's Needed to Change Behavior. Neurology Today, 19(12), 11-13.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Assignment

Impact of Americans with Disability Act on U.S

[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

[Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.]

Impact of Americans with Disability Act on U.S

The American with Disability Act was signed on 26th July 1990. Its objectives are creditable, including the fairness of opportunity, full contribution, self-governing living, and economic independence for individuals with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act is examined in terms of its sound effects on the employment and incomes of disabled persons using data from different studies and surveys. The outcomes specify that, from 1990, employment proportions of individuals with disabilities increasing significantly in the start but later the employment rate is increasing slowly. At the time of establishment of the Act, the employment of persons with disabilities was 7.2 percentage ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a2dcrnckg79","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Copeland, 2007)","plainCitation":"(Copeland, 2007)"},"citationItems":[{"id":117,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/AFJIEE8F"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/AFJIEE8F"],"itemData":{"id":117,"type":"book","title":"The impact of disability in the workplace: An assessment ofemployer attitudes toward people with disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act","publisher":"Capella University","ISBN":"0-549-07453-8","author":[{"family":"Copeland","given":"Jana L."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2007"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Copeland, 2007). It was constantly increasing gradually with the passage of time. The employment-population proportion of the individuals employed in 2018 was 19.1 percent among persons with disabilities ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a5a1t9o88q","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(DeLeire, 2000)","plainCitation":"(DeLeire, 2000)"},"citationItems":[{"id":118,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/XB32NQKG"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/XB32NQKG"],"itemData":{"id":118,"type":"article-journal","title":"The wage and employment effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act","container-title":"Journal of Human Resources","page":"693-715","author":[{"family":"DeLeire","given":"Thomas"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2000"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (DeLeire, 2000). The employment-population proportion for individuals with disabilities amplified from 2010. The results are prepared from the data related to employment-population proportion not the income of the disabled persons. As per mandate of Act which was established with the objective of eradicating disability-based perception, it has had a huge influence in the sense that it establishes our national promise to the public and human rights of individuals with disabilities ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a2a06e6jl1d","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(U. B. of L. Statistics, 2015)","plainCitation":"(U. B. of L. Statistics, 2015)"},"citationItems":[{"id":123,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/7386TW5H"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/7386TW5H"],"itemData":{"id":123,"type":"article-journal","title":"Persons with a disability: Labor force characteristics-2014","container-title":"USDL-15-1162","author":[{"family":"Statistics","given":"US Bureau of Labor"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2015"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (U. B. of L. Statistics, 2015). It eradicates discrimination against individuals with disabilities. Though, in terms of altering the everyday lives of individuals with disabilities, it has had varied outcomes. Since it was indorsed, the Supreme Court decisions have weakened the protection laws of disabled people. ADA has commonplace for younger and older individuals with disabilities. Recent surveys have suggested that because of the ADA's general mandates, individuals with disabilities appreciate increased chances of living and working in their communities ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a2ld4jr9knd","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(B. of L. Statistics, 2012)","plainCitation":"(B. of L. Statistics, 2012)"},"citationItems":[{"id":124,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/TZJJH2MN"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/ONknjWue/items/TZJJH2MN"],"itemData":{"id":124,"type":"book","title":"Persons with a disability: Labor force characteristics—2014","publisher":"Author Washington, DC","author":[{"family":"Statistics","given":"Bureau of Labor"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2012"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (B. of L. Statistics, 2012). It is fortunate for them to grow up as part of the ADA Group. The younger generation declared that growing up, working, studying and living a prosperous life is only possible with the affirmative actions of ADA. The favorable actions taken by the government has changed the employment setting for people with disabilities. The country needs more analogous measures for individuals with disabilities.

References

BIBLIOGRAPHY ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Copeland, J. L. (2007). The impact of disability in the workplace: An assessment ofemployer attitudes toward people with disabilities and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Capella University.

DeLeire, T. (2000). The wage and employment effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Human Resources, 693–715.

Statistics, B. of L. (2012). Persons with a disability: Labor force characteristics—2014. Author Washington, DC.

Statistics, U. B. of L. (2015). Persons with a disability: Labor force characteristics-2014. USDL-15-1162.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Assignment

Who am I and what makes me unique?

[Name]

[Institute]

[Course]

[Date]

Who am I and what makes me unique?

My Cultural Existence and My Interests

I belong to a middle-class Caucasian Family in North Carolina. North Carolina is the 28 largest state of the United States of America in terms of area. Its population density is high as well. It is situated on the east coast of the States.

The culture existence of North Carolina reveals that the common white people and the planters were usually having clashes that shaped the class system of North Caroline ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"hjGKXRTW","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Cecil-Fronsman, 1992)","plainCitation":"(Cecil-Fronsman, 1992)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":204,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/LY9XXHSK/items/8J29DKTP"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/LY9XXHSK/items/8J29DKTP"],"itemData":{"id":204,"type":"book","title":"Common Whites: Class and Culture in Antebellum North Carolina. University Press of Kentucky.","author":[{"literal":"Cecil-Fronsman"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1992"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Cecil-Fronsman, 1992).I grew up in one of those white middle-class family and am the fourth out of six children. My race, “Caucasian” is usually used to refer to white people in the United States but this word belongs to the 18th century European Science that explains racial classification. The European used to consider this race as the ideal human type in God’s eyes ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"E7dH7EXs","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(MOSES, 2017)","plainCitation":"(MOSES, 2017)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":205,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/LY9XXHSK/items/H6NGWH7Y"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/LY9XXHSK/items/H6NGWH7Y"],"itemData":{"id":205,"type":"article-journal","title":"Why Do We Keep Using the Word “Caucasian”?","author":[{"family":"MOSES","given":"YOLANDA"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2017",2,1]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (MOSES, 2017). Nothing of those characteristics of being the idea race reveal in my personality as I was born in a new century within a family who has minority Christian beliefs.

I like to spend more time in my little world of imaginations. I, therefore, prefer to read science fictions and research about fantasies. Am also a technology freak, I spend more of my time playing video games and watching films that involve advanced technology, and robotics. I want to improve my social circles so I am trying to build this energy by watching a film so that I won’t be lost in my own niche. Am also interested in a classic film like that of Lawrence of Arabia and am also a fan of the modern filmmakers like Quentin Tarantino. I want to expand my area of influence, as am being prejudiced due to my conservative cultural background. So my cultural background and my family set up influence me to become who I am.

Implicit Association Tests and My Personality

The test shows a high cultural intelligence CITATION Com18 \l 1033 (Common Purpose, 2018).This result clearly shows that I have no preference to either African American or European American. For me, humanity matters not the color of their skin. I was not aware of others culture in my high school but then I got a chance to volunteer with Latino Community that boost up my enthusiasm to understand other culture as well. Today I not only understand but also accept others existence.

I worked as a recruiting manager for a subcontractor, I used this information in my workplace in a way that I recruited Latino community as I was used to that group of people. I will work for the right and duties of people belonging to any culture whenever I get a platform to work again.

The test shows I have no racial biases (Plous, 2018). But I think that men should be working and women are taking care of the home. The test shows that I have a different interpretation of the role of genders. For me women can take better care of the household and men can better be doing jobs to feed the household. I will have to be careful while dealing with my female coworkers, I won’t be biased against them at the workplace. I usually try to improve my rating in my workplace ten my coworkers but I will not assume a female coworker as less capable than me.

I learned from this assignment that is a person who is interested in learning about other culture and is a diversity lover. I also got to know that I have a different interpretation of gender’s role in the workplace. But I will build up my understanding in this regard as well. Hopefully, I will reach a point where I will accept that both genders need to treat the same in the workplace. I will engage myself in a project that will work for gender and racial equality in the workplace So that I could have an in-depth understanding of both the indicators.

I am not surprised by any of the results because at this stage of my life I have experienced to interact with different cultures and I have worked with both male and female coworkers that have built my imagination regarding the capability of females in the workplace.

References

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Cecil-Fronsman. (1992). Common Whites: Class and Culture in Antebellum North Carolina. University Press of Kentucky.

MOSES, Y. (2017). Why Do We Keep Using the Word “Caucasian”?

BIBLIOGRAPHY Plous, S. (2018, April 26). UnderstandingPrejudice.org: Implicit Association Test. Retrieved from UnderstandingPrejudice.org: http://www.understandingprejudice.org/iat/

Purpose, C. (2018, April 26). CQ Test | Knowledge Hub | Common Purpose. Retrieved from Common Purpose: Cross-Boundary Leadership: https://commonpurpose.org/knowledge-hub/all-articles/what-is-cultural-intelligence/cq-test

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Assignment

Assignment: Summary of readings and open ended questions\

Student’s name

Institution affiliated

Summary of articles

Part Three: Discipline 3. Panopticism (Abridged)

Foucault, the author begins by explaining measures taken to mitigate the plague by closing houses, inspection, quarantine, and constant inspection. Those affected by the plaque were separated from society. However, as revealed, all these measures aimed to create a disciplined community since the existence of a set mechanism brings forth disciplinary mechanisms brought by fear of the plague. Modern mechanisms and procedures to control abnormal people derive and acquired from this. Foucault then explores Jeremy Bentham’s building (Panopticon) build to see each cell in which a prisoner is incarcerated. The building creates a sense of visibility which is a trap. As Bentham says, power should be visible but unverifiable. Panopticon though not a dream building is a laboratory where experiments are conducted on staff and prisoners “laboratory; it could be used as a machine to carry out experiments, to alter behavior, to train or correct individuals. To experiment with medicines and monitor their effects” Panopticon is a building symbolizes an architecture that gives power over people’s mind.

Panopticon makes power more efficient and economic through education and public morality. It creates subordination of bodies and formula for functional society through the dispensation of disciplinary mechanisms. Disciplinary society is connected through historical processes through elaborate tactics of power that operates invisibly and economically, and panoptic modality of power which is independent. These tactics increase both utility and docility of elements. Panopticism and discipline create processes that guarantee rights. The enlightenment of the eighteenth century invented liberties and disciplines. This happened through the development of modern technologies. As the eighteenth century invented examination, the middle ages came up with judicial acquisition.

Part four: Foucalt’s chapter on Methods

In this chapter, Foucault defines the concept of power. He sees power as something exercised to subjugate, dominate, and render subservient. Power exists everywhere even in silence and subjection. Foucault proposes five propositions concerning power. First, “ power is no something that is acquired, or shared, something that one holds on to or allows to slip away…”. Secondly, “power is not only applied to external relationships of sex, knowledge, and economics, but it determines internal structures. Thirdly, “power comes from below; that is, there is no binary and all-compassing opposition between rulers and ruled at the root of power relations, and serving as a general matrix” . Fourthly, there is rationality and logic behind power any power relationship, therefore no individual subjects exercise power. Fifth, “ where there is power, there is resistance, and yet or rather consequently, this resistance is never in a position of exteriority in relation to power” Resistance manifests itself in different forms, it may manifest in solid and steady form, but may also pop up and move in different places as power dynamics change. Foucault's analysis of power shows that sexuality cannot be understood as single unilaterally power relations. It is examined in different aspects through the following rules: the rule of immanence, continual variation, and rule of double local centers” or conditioning.

Open-ended questions

What is the role of the panopticon in the digital age? Can we free ourselves from panoptic power?

What is the meaning of Foucalt’s visibility is a trap? Does it mean police cameras?

What is Foucault's definition of power? Does power mean coercion?

Is the sex form of power? Does sex mean extortion?

References

Foucault, Michel. The history of sexuality. W. Ross MacDonald School Resource Services Library, 2007. New York: Pantheon Books

Foucault, Michel Discipline & Punish: The Birth of the Prison (NY: Vintage Books 1995) pp. 195- 228

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Assignment

Melting Pot

[Enter name of student here]

[Enter the name of institution here]

Yes, I agree that melting pot is a wrong metaphor even in business. First reason is the difference of color among people. We can mix various European nationals and make a single broth but if we want to treat blacks and Asians in a similar way, we will not be successful. Main problem in this process will be differences between these races. American society is wrongly considered as a melting pot even for businesses because there are different needs and wants of customers with different characteristics regarding age, gender and tastes. A society that is a melting pot will be sufficed with mass marketing efforts without considering any differences. The present age is characterized by product differentiation and creating a competitive advantage by effectively targeting customers. There is a growing trend shown by businesses to expand their operations across a single country and globally as well. Even if a single society is considered a melting pot, companies will have to design differentiated products for other countries. As opposed to the melting pot, the metaphor for current businesses will be a heterogeneous society where a large number of people with different cultural backgrounds will be living together. Businesses will have to cater these needs and make differentiated products for major chunks of the society. In a heterogeneous society, businesses will have to look for minimizing costs because there will be a higher level of competition. All businesses will transform their production from a single product to multiple products according to needs of customers. If a company is unable to differentiate its products from competitors, it will be hard to be successful in long run. There will be some customers who will not be natives of the country where company is working, there will be some separate products for them according to their culture. One example that can be quoted is an Indian who lives in America. He will not buy any product containing beef so a restaurant has to alter its menu to provide him his desired product. Similar considerations have to be made when a Muslim comes to a restaurant, he will not accept anything containing pork or alcohol. Both these examples show that even a small business will have to consider different cultures of its customers. A heterogeneous society needs that businesses segment their markets according to different criteria. In above examples, religion and faith were the criteria used to segment markets. Another example can be taken from sports, baseball is very popular in America but not in Asian countries, thus a business dealing in baseball equipment may not be very successful in Asia. As a society, it is not easy to admit the differences related to race and culture. In fact, if blacks start protesting for their rights in all walks of life, these differences and their apprehension will bring turmoil to the society. It is needed that these differences are restricted to the business perspectives only and their consequences do not affect the society as a whole. This transition from a homogeneous to a heterogeneous society is a difficult process. This level of difficulty will be directly dependent upon the diversity that is present in a particular society. In the American society, there is a certain level of diversity that affects business organizations and their decisions. A society with higher level of diversity will present more challenges to businesses. Successful businesses alter their products and services according to the local culture and specific needs and wants of the locals. Failing this will ultimately drive the business out of competition.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Assignment

Assignment

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Assignment

Different characteristics like learned, shared, symbols, dynamic, and integrated system explains culture. However, the characteristic which explains that culture is “learned” and is more relevant to the course cluster. This is because Samovar, Porter, and McDaniel distinguish culture through the elements including social organization, religion, history, language, and values. These are elements which indicate that culture is more about learning things from surrounding. For instance, the baby born without any religion, values, and language. With the passage of time, that baby adopts the religion of their parents and learn a language which people speak around him. He learns from parents about the traditions, norms and social organization. Before the baby gets able to question about the things around him, he psychologically starts accepting different religious and social norms. He learns about eating, behaving, dressing, rituals, and other social interaction. Communication plays an important role in culture learning. When a person communicates from the person of other culture, he can identify the difference in terms of dressing, traditions, values, norms, and native language. Social organization is also a critical element through which individuals learn about his/her role in society. For instance, men learn that they have to earn to support their families while women learn how to take care of their families. Besides, there exists some stereotypes like men are stronger than women who can have positive as the well negative impact on society, but it strongly impacts the social organization. Some experiences remain the same in most of the culture like marriage, education, hardworking, and earning. Therefore, learning is the most relevant characteristics which help the person to adopt and accept one culture to spend his life systematically.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Australia And Indigenous Australians

ILHY 0bjbj 7F9 9 (S 84h8 kmmmmmmT Rpk7R0HhHHH Z RUNNING HEAD Australia and Indigenous Australians

Australia and Indigenous Australians

Name of the writer

Name of the institution

Australia and Indigenous Australians

History

Anthropologists believe that the history of indigenous Australians started about sixty-five thousand years ago and even before as the result of earlier human migration. At the earlier time, there was no exchange of culture or trade between the world and ingenious Australians. People from outside world started coming to the land of Australia mainly for the purpose of trade. They developed contact with some aboriginal skin groups. Indonesian people established a trade relationship with the population living in the north part of Australia. The consequences of contact of European traders had mixed outcome positive in term of trade and negative in term of diseases that outsiders brought with them ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION citationIDIYhoxooZ,propertiesformattedCitation(uc0u8220Our shared history Sections Share Our Pride,uc0u8221 n.d.),plainCitation(Our shared history Sections Share Our Pride, n.d.),noteIndex0,citationItemsid677,urishttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/Q99BNCAP,urihttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/Q99BNCAP,itemDataid677,typepost-weblog,titleOur shared history Sections Share Our Pride,URLhttp//www.shareourpride.org.au/sections/our-shared-history/,languageen-US,accesseddate-parts2019,5,27,schemahttps//github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json (Our shared history Sections Share Our Pride, n.d.).

Captain James Cook was the person who searched the land after the government issued the order that if the captain discovered the inhabitant land or the great southern land he would get the control or possession over the native people. Therefore, Captain Cook entered Botany Bay in 1770 and declared land belonging to nobody without recognizing the rights of the Torres Strait Islanders and Aboriginal people. During 1972, Mcmahon Liberal administration rejected the land rights of aboriginal communities where protestors filed the petition against the statement. Possession over land rights was not only a negative aspect of European settlement stolen generation was another bitter truth of the colonization. Thousands of children were taken by force from their families and people were dictated regarding where they can live or work. These stolen children were raised in white institutions between the two world wars. Later on, indigenous people were counted as Australian citizens. During 1991 reconciliation movement was started ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION citationID9kEWVFSm,propertiesformattedCitation(uc0u8220State-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf,uc0u8221 n.d.),plainCitation(State-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf, n.d.),noteIndex0,citationItemsid678,urishttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/KSNIC89P,urihttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/KSNIC89P,itemDataid678,typearticle,titleState-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf,URLhttps//www.reconciliation.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/State-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf,accesseddate-parts2019,5,27,schemahttps//github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json (State-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf, n.d.). The first meeting was held in Canberra. The main purpose of the reconciliation was to understand the fact that if the indigenous people and other native islanders did not get their rights there will remain unemployment, poor health, homelessness, and other social issues within the nation.

Contemporary situation

With the passage of time European settlement understood the importance and rights of the indigenous people and Torres Strait Islanders people. Various laws and movements were established to provide them opportunities and civil rights to cope with social and economic issues. In contemporary time, the government is very much concerned towards these people and reconciliation is in action. The good initiative was taken during 2008 when Kevin Rudd, the prime mister of that time apologized to the indigenous people regarding the stolen generation. Australia supports the United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous Australians.

However, after all these initiatives, contemporary Australia is failed to improve the lives of the aboriginal people. The governments closing gap strategy is least successful till date. There is a huge gap between the standard of living between Australian people and indigenous Australians. Instead of being improvement reports indicates that the mortality rate among indigenous people is rising due to cancer which is widening the mortality gap. However, there is a 15 decline in the mortality rate due to circulatory diseases ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION citationIDSWcWnpAk,propertiesformattedCitation(Davey, 2017),plainCitation(Davey, 2017),noteIndex0,citationItemsid682,urishttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/TT8TSWEA,urihttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/TT8TSWEA,itemDataid682,typearticle-newspaper,titleClosing the Gap report shows life expectancy and child mortality targets are not being met,container-titleThe Guardian,sectionAustralia news,sourcewww.theguardian.com,abstractMalcolm Turnbull says the stark reality is that there has not been sufficient progress on meeting the Indigenous targets,URLhttps//www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/feb/14/closing-the-gap-report-shows-life-expectancy-and-child-mortality-targets-are-not-being-met,ISSN0261-3077,languageen-GB,authorfamilyDavey,givenMelissa,issueddate-parts2017,2,14,accesseddate-parts2019,5,27,schemahttps//github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json (Davey, 2017). The news report indicates that the government is unable to improve the life expectancy of indigenous Australians. These people make only the three percent of the total population still social and economic indicators highlight the low life expectancy, education, high healthcare gap, and suicide rate among them. Besides social and economic issues, thousands of protestors want the government to change the national holidays. They believe that Australia day must be on 26 January as invasion day. Reports indicating that the government had made so many promises to minimize the gap by providing education, and healthcare ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION citationID4Aqk5PY9,propertiesformattedCitation(uc0u8220Australia failing to improve Aboriginal lives,uc0u8221 n.d.),plainCitation(Australia failing to improve Aboriginal lives, n.d.),noteIndex0,citationItemsid680,urishttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/CLEX2IQA,urihttp//zotero.org/users/local/rVaVAHaF/items/CLEX2IQA,itemDataid680,typewebpage,titleAustralia failing to improve Aboriginal lives,abstractReport finds Australia missing key targets to improve life for its indigenous people, including raising life expectancy.,URLhttps//www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/02/australia-failing-improve-aboriginal-lives-170214170102126.html,accesseddate-parts2019,5,27,schemahttps//github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json (Australia failing to improve Aboriginal lives, n.d.). However, it can be observed that the government is failed to complete its goal and indigenous people are still waiting for equal opportunities.

Personal reflection

The history, as well as contemporary situations of Australia, are indicating that indigenous people are suffering since the European settlement established. European established their settlement ignoring the civil rights of the native people. They were forced to live on their dictatorship. The worse that happened during the colonization was the generation stolen. Families lost their children and children were raised in white settlement for personal benefits of European. Even today, the second stolen generation is living with white people. It is more than decades that different movements, laws, and policies are developing to improve the standard of life of indigenous people. However, minor improvement has been recorded. The economic and social conditions of the indigenous Australians indicate that the injustice happened hundreds of years ago still have an impact on the present generation of these people.

There is a huge gap between the Australians and indigenous Australians where the population of indigenous is just 3 of the total population. This is the big question for the contemporary government that why it is so difficult to improve the living standard of a small proportion of the population. The gap is increasing instead of decreasing in terms of life expectancy, suicide rate, and unemployment. Government has to do more and should develop policies which result in rapid changes. The economic and social condition of indigenous people want much more attention and implementations. The living standard of these people is beneficial for the overall social and economic situation of the nation. In other words, the progress of the nation lies in the equality of the Australian population and indigenous people are waiting for this equality.

References

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL uncited,omitted,custom CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Australia failing to improve Aboriginal lives WWW Document, n.d. URL https//www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/02/australia-failing-improve-aboriginal-lives-170214170102126.html (accessed 5.27.19).

Davey, M., 2017. Closing the Gap report shows life expectancy and child mortality targets are not being met. The Guardian.

Our shared history Sections Share Our Pride, n.d. URL http//www.shareourpride.org.au/sections/our-shared-history/ (accessed 5.27.19).

State-of-Reconciliation-Report_SUMMARY.pdf, n.d.

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Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

BASED ON WHAT YOU CHOOSE

Culture

[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

[Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.]

Culture

Culture is an entire mode of life that persons in different civilization are blessed with. Culture is the features of a specific group of individuals, characterized by everything including language, faith, cookery, social habits, melody, and graphic arts. Through art, music, and literature, we are overseen by standards and customs, which are the pillars of our civilization. If the pillars are not correctly followed, our culture will look like a perfume with no fragrance. It's a continuing survival of giving those standards and traditions to the society that surrounds us. Culture has been identified from the time when man originated on earth and still today, we are actively practicing it. It is culture by which we acquire things to become a better society. It's tough for an individual to live without customs and norms. Living without culture, it's similar to an antelope at the target of a voracious lioness. Every single human has a notable attitude, qualities, and manners. It is simply through culture where individuals act equally and live with a distinct civilization. Africa is supposed to be the keystone of culture with a distinct civilization. Every year, millions of people from all over the biosphere visit Africa. They visit to observe an attractive culture, history and other usual wonders of Africa. I belong to a country called Sierra Leone, a republic on the southwest shore of West Africa. It is well known for their kindliness and generosity. Sixteen different cultural groups live in Sierra Leone, each with its peculiar language and civilization. The two major and supremely prominent tribes are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are found in most of the northwest of the country. The Mende are predominantly inhabiting the southeast. Including a slight minority group, about 2%, are the Krio society. The Krio is the group from freed African-American and West Indian slaves. Though English is the formal language used in government organizations, Krio is the supreme language used across Sierra Leone. It is spoken by approximately 98% of the residents. Krio bonds all the cultural groups in the republic, specifically in their trade.

Let's talk about the food. Rice is the chief diet of Sierra Leone and is used up in almost every meal every day. The rice is cooked in various ways, and crowned with a range of sauces. Sauces are prepared from Sierra Leone's much-loved toppings, such as potato foliage, cassava leaves, okra soup, and grilled fish. Poyo is a widespread Sierra Leonean drink. It is a sugary, lightly fermented from palm wine. It is available in bars in cities and villages from corner to corner in the country. Poyo inns are the zones of informal debate.

It is a great time for us to defend and protect all that we have. We need to protect our civilization and whatsoever is noble should be reserved to great heights and we should attempt all our efforts to remove all the bad practices which are in contradiction of human rights. Even if those cultures have been proficient in our civilization for centuries. Practices of female genital abuse, discrimination, and torment to women and youngsters and any other kind of mistreatment must be eradicated at all levels. Dressing or clothing of Sierra Leone is very traditional and unique. The clothes are needle-loomed and hand-blocked material with a top. Sierra Leone is honestly conventional in clothing; however, shorts and flips are also worn by the women often at the beaches. Women prefer to wear trousers or sarongs usually. Africa is known for its diversity of food, colorful clothing, ornaments, hand-made clothes, sparkling carnivals and the execution of art exhibitions. Ceremonies and rituals are implemented by different societies at different times. The secret societies are massively secretive and members observe a firm code of conduct. Religious beliefs and practices are observed in everyday life. A lot of captivating and mesmerizing historic wonders, memorials and relics are present in Sierra Leone for visitors and tourists. Muslims are approximately about 60% of the population of Sierra Leone, Christians form 30% and animist followers make up the rest 10% of the population. Sierra Leone is a foremost example of religious acceptance. Side by side, different societies are living with coordination. Normally, children of both Muslim and Christian families learn about both civilizations in schools.

These days, I request all the participants to effort all level best to adore and feel pleased with their culture. This is because you would not recognize the significance of things except if they are taken away. Over and done with the education that we acquire here, we must permit ourselves to grasp the millennium goals to eradicate scarcity, diseases, and unawareness. These are the greatest challenges facing the African continent nowadays. To practice our principles of culture is only possible with our surroundings. The accountability of conserving our surroundings is also part of the culture. Famous writers in their books accused human beings of abolishing their surroundings and I may quote their words that the existence of humans on earth is merely a thousand ages old and however they have demolished an enormous percentage of the environment which nature has conserved for millions of centuries. Ladies and gentlemen, let me used this occasion to repeat that it is our responsibility to preserve our environment. Under no condition, a courageous society should not abandon their culture and civilization because if they abandon their civilization, I would rather say they will abandon their selves.

Subject: Culture

Pages: 3 Words: 900

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