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Depression Diagnosstic And Treatments


[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]


History and Title Applied

The term depression was first used in the 19th century. It was derived from the ancient concept of melancholia, which was used for various forms of quiet insanity. This term was derived from a Latin verb deprimere. Hence, Depression was previously known as Melancholia while now known as clinical or simply depression. This commonly refers to as a major depressive disorder by several healthcare professional. The concept has a long history while the main concept and some of the concepts have been described as far back as classical times (Gilbert, 2016).

This specific disorder is called depression as a person often feels depressed due to some circumstances.


Several theorists are there who and whose theories are related to depression, but the most common and highly related ones are;


Brown and Harris




Causes of Depression

The main causes of depression are but not only;

Physical, emotional and sexual abuse

Medications and drugs such as isotretinoin and corticosteroids etc.

Personal and family or other conflicts and issues in one’s life

Death or loss of someone special and its impacts on the individuals

Genetics such as family history of depression that increases depression risk.

Serious illness and/or any other personal problem such as social isolation because of mental illness (Marina, et.al, 2019).


There are number of symptoms of depression but the most common are;

Thoughts and feelings of hopelessness

Loss of involvement and interest in things and routine activities

Weight and sleep changes

Increase in ager, loss of energy, and increase of reckless behavior

Common concentration issues/problem like problem in focusing, and making decisions etc. (Iyer, & Khan, 2012).

Physical complaints such as unexplained pains etc. like headache or back pain.

Types of Depression

Below are the main types of Depression

Atypical depression

Post-partum depression

Catatonic depression

Seasonal affective depression

Melancholic depression

Dysthymic depression

Manic depression

Prevention of Depression

There is fully sure method or way that prevent depression but some crucial strategies that may help are; 1) taking steps to control and overcome stress which can be done through resilience and boosting self-esteem, 2) reaching to friends and family particular at the time when you face time crisis, and 3) getting treatment at the very early stage and signs of depression so that the impact can be keep far from going to the worst condition (Iyer, & Khan, 2012).

Treatment Plans

The treatment plans for a patient with depression regarding short term goals can include be out of bed by a certain time, get a healthy weight, communicate with someone loving, finishing a household task, and watching something funny. On the other hand, the long terms goals can include getting rid of depressive thoughts by maintaining a positive relationship with every person.

Tips and Suggestions for Overcoming Depression

Reach out to all emotionally near to you and keep yourself connected with them as much long as much possible

Involve in the activities that makes you feel fine and good

Try to keep moving and make exercise a habit

Try and prefer to eat healthy and depression fighting diet or food

Keep negative things challenged and never forget getting a daily dose of sunlight.

Parenting Skills

Parenting skills does not play a very huge role in overcoming and managing depression but have a little but significant effect on development of depression in individuals. Hence some crucial parenting skills that can help individuals are;

Finding happiness and joy by parents in the small things and activities

Finding help and assistance for themselves from others who overcame depression

Teach and enable the children to keep his or herself saved from depression as well as teaching them how depression inversely impacts them (Marina, et.al, 2019).

To my field, the mentioned skills applied in the way that I also assist patients in the way similar to how parents assist their children.

Controversies to Depression

In the current time, huge controversies exist while depressed people are previewed by others in a negative way like;

They are proving that they are struggling and need help

Their bad times as unbearable and they do not have the required energy

Do not perform to the best of their abilities (Marina, et.al, 2019).

They are consistently faking things and realities


Gilbert, P. (2016). Depression: The Evolution of Powerlessness. Routledge.

Iyer, K & Khan, Z. (2012). Depression – A Review. Research Journal of Recent Sciences. 1. 79-87.

Marina. M, Taghi. Y, Mark. O, Dan. C, & Shekhar, S. (2019). DEPRESSION: A Global Public Health Concern. WHO. Retrieved 7 October 2019, from https://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/who_paper_depression_wfmh_2012.pdf

Subject: Psychology

Pages: 2 Words: 600


Why Hotel Giant Marriott is on an Expansion Binge as it fends Off Airbnb

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Why Hotel Giant Marriott is on an Expansion Binge as it fends Off Airbnb


Giant Marriott has a successful and long history of excellent customer service as the company commenced as AW Root Beer stand in 1972 comprising of nine seats. The hotel has grown into a recognizable brand in the hospitality industry with its branches in several other countries. The portfolio of the brand has highlighted that the strategy of hotel has an aim to cater to a wide spectrum of customers in terms of fulfillment of needs with care and conviction. By the end of 2017, Marriott International has 6500 properties that included 554,642 rooms in total. The number of employees was 1,77,000 that makes the company effective as one of the organizers of a large number of employees worldwide. Taking into account the record of the last six years, it has been inferred that Martiot could continuously improve the crisis in a convincing and a well-suited manner. The company is in a tie with Hilton side by side; there is a threat to Marriott because there is a possibility, China will reject the merging of Chinese government with Marriott and Starwood.


In order to undergo a complete exegetical analysis of Marriott, it is significant to opt for PESTLE analysis. Marriott operates 4,200 hotels worldwide, and these hotels exist in 70 territories. The revenue reported by Marriott is $14.22 billion that is growing at a rate of 5.88%. The point to consider is, do PESTLE factors that are surrounding Marriott justify its expansion or not?

Political Factors

The major stance of political factors is threat to terrorism, political climate and international relations that are related to tourist destinations. It is important to note that a significant threat to the company is military conflict because it could hamper international traveling and frighten people.

Economic Factors

Significant economic factors include the slowing of economic growth particularly in China as well as an ongoing drawback in Europe. The collapse of the stock market and the crisis of debt are a tool that has reduced the buying power as well as the provision of travel services. The exchange of high exchange rate for US dollar overseas is another phenomenon because it discourages Americans. A long term economic threat is increasing the income inequality taking into account the stagnation of middle-class wages in the country. It has reduced customers who aim at staying hotel and opt for traveling.

Social and Cultural Factors

Social factors are the empowerers of progress for Marriott, taking into account that the number of people with foresighted plans has increased up to 13%. The average amount of travelers who aimed at traveling and hotelling have increased from an average of $5,955 in 2013 to $5,136 in 2016. Increased number of Chinese and Asian travelers are the significant factors that can affect the cultural factors of an organization.

Technological factors

The technological factors that can impact the business of hotel refer to the innovations that have been brought into practice such as online rental services and individual rental rooms with sponsorship. About 6 million guests stayed in Airbnb, taking into account that about 25,500 Airbnb guest are listed just for New York. The technological threat cannot be neglected, taking into account that Airbnb poses a threat because a host voids some expenses such as fire regulations, hotel taxes and the measures to lower cost.

Legal Factors

The legal factors that are brought into insight include service status like Airbnb. Authorities in diverse cities have charged Airbnb as well as its hosts because of violating regulations, zoning laws, and the safety terms. Many of the hosts criticize Airbnb because of illegal hotels and avoidance to lodging taxes.

Environmental factors

Marriott’s business is hampered because of prices associated with fuel and oil that can lead to reducing travel costs and the demand for hotel rooms. A significant environmental fact can include increased electricity costs that can limit the burning of coal power plants. Environmental factors have the tendency to harm the economic baseline such as flooding of resorts and raising ocean levels.

Internal Environmental Analysis


The internal factor analysis reveals that Marriott is using certain strategies such as an expansion of brands and global leadership in business, about 43% of the interest of hotel is consumed by internal operations. There are remarkable strategies that can attract customers such as eco-friendly environment, retaining customers through price satisfaction and quality.


There are a large number of franchises in about 60 countries that can facilitate the expansion of the hotel portfolio. There is a strong assessment of segments that are found in different countries taking into account the facilities provided such as upper moderate, moderate and lower moderate prices. A context of high brand recognition and recall can make the company a priority for the clients.

Focus on Europe

Marriott International has a prime focus on US Market; taking into account that US marketing is always taken into consideration. The over dependency on brands is also a fact that imparts luxury products because much of the population cannot afford such brand luxuries. The hotel lacks a costly lifestyle as that of Hotel Indigo and Starwood.


It is important to note that the hotel looks ahead towards franchising except owning them. The company operates about 46% hotels in under management, 52% are in the context of under franchise agreements. Marriott has registered weak financial performance due to slow down economy and the lodging industry. Side by side, the operating income also decrease by 2009 taking into account that the hotel faces a loss of $76 million in 2006 because of high oil pricing.

Market Analysis

Taking into account the loyalty program through Starwood's portfolio of China, certain distinctive properties are found in the market. These properties highlight that Marriott's nineteen brands are highlighly indulged in “mid-market". It refers to selective services such as catering to price-conscious warriors because no less than 53% of the Marriott rooms are clustered in the range of limited service categories. It also highlights the provision of certain services such as costs, and selling blocks of rooms that are meant for conventions and management of loyalty programs such as Starwood Preferred Guests and Marriott Rewards. Franchising is another stance of marketing taking into account that Marriott acts as a sponsor for other service providers.

Primary Consumers

Major consumers of Marriott are Millennial because they are not more into traditional traveling norms, about 49% of population book trips at very last moment, while 58% book traditional traveling. It is also significant that China is an emerging market for Marriott. The deeply held convention is also one of the reasons that Sorenson engineered the transformative deal for the company, i.e., 13.6 billion acquisitions.

Marketing Strategies

Marriott is a worldwide franchise, licensors, operator of timeshare properties, hotel and residential under different brand names with different service and price points. However, the costs focus of the business is concerned with lodging properties. Company-operated properties also major concerns of business, taking into account the long term management with property owners. The aim of an organization is to train, hire and supervise employees and managers for purchasing supplies and operation of facilities that can represent a brand as well as the business itself. Residential faculties refer to saling of real estates involving hotel conjunction as well as third party. Sorenson’s ambitious growth plan has brought into insight the oversupply problem, inferring that there are few dilemmas that are necessary to address within the marketing and distribution plans of Marriott. Select service is Marriott's staple product. The stock pricing of Marriott is $114.74, taking into account a compact ratio of high profile businesses. Marriott International has a global distribution stance; taking into account that the global reservation centers have highlighted that Marriott communicates reservations to other branded hotels taking into account that individuals are made direct with online channels through communication channels. It has been brought into insight that Loyalty Programs and multi-channel reservation systems have brought Marriott at an edge of effective leverage system.

The stance of promotion has brought into insight that Marriott is acting as a guide and a tool for the sponsorship of different brands. The promotional services are working in coordination with national advertising with centralized services. The management of resources and franchise agreements have affirmed the properties that reimburse the cost of ongoing operations of Loyalty Programs. It is important to note that promotion is also inferred through several online management proceedings such as apps, pages, and channels. The recorded liability of the programs executed by Marriott International for maintenance of its products, services, and strategies totaled $4.940 million in the year 2017 as compared to $5,451 million at the end of the year 2016. (Savolainen, et, al. 2018).

Evaluation of Other Financial Areas

It would not be wrong to say that Marriott is an aggressive organization that has a number of plans in terms of financial areas. The focus on products, customers and service innovations highlights the vision of an organization. The Diluted earning per share of Marriott is $5.25 to $5.80 by the year 2019, adhering to a compound rate of 17 to 21 percent. The adjusted earnings before interest tax and depreciation are to increase by 7 to 10 percent compounded. The shareholders could see $1.4 to $1.5 billion in dividend by assuming a 30% payout ratio. According to the plan of year 2018, it has been affirmed that the hotel aims at opening a new hotel every 14 hours, taking into account security analysts and institutional investors. Marriott aims at accelerating its growth by adding 300,000 to 285,000 rooms worldwide by the year 2019. It is evident that there will be an increment in the leading loyalty programs. In the context of non-property related finances such as franchise fees branding fees and largely credit card spendings are assumed to increase by $100 MILLION in the next three years.

The HR analysis reveals that Marriott highlights internal development taking into account human capital review. Marriott aims at a building of leadership skills and the analysis of attributes that can infer better services to customers. One of the objectives behind aggressive HR is development, retention, and attraction of youth in order to provide a continuous supply of future and current talent needs for growth.

Giant Marriott uses technology as a tool to integrate and strengthen financial areas. It refers to the utilization of resources that can reflect the desires and needs of clients. The app of Marriott and processing of pages have added into the crux of business management by making direct contact with the customers.

SWOT Analysis

The SWOT analysis of Marriott identifies certain strengths and threats that are evaluated on the basis of exegetical analysis. (Marriott International SWOT Analysis Matrix, 2019)


The strengths of Giant Marriott refer to the way that is adopted in order to carry out operational norms. The code of conduct of Marriott is designated as one of the top management for each employee. International standards have also added to the efficiency of the hotel, taking into account 1.2 million rooms. Innovation has also highlighted the operational philosophy that is centered on procedures and systems that can involve commitment and better services.


The aggressive expansion is termed as one of the threats to services because it is hard to maintain the standards. The over-emphasis to serve standardization has stringent adherence to business values. (Marriott International SWOT Analysis Matrix, 2019). Considering Marriott as a family business is also a bit ineffective because there is an unwillingness to change.


There are several opportunities for Marriott to work on, such as shifting of consumer behavior as they travel and stay with the same family luxuries are required. In contradiction to the last record increase in global travel has emphasized the avenue of success and progression. (Marriott International SWOT Analysis Matrix, 2019). The hotel can also charge a premium for the personalized services that are rendered.


The economic recession is one of the major threats that can hit the hospitality of business, side by side; increasing competition is a fact that can compromise the adequacy of services. The threat of a terrorist attack is an undeniable section because of global incentives and conflicts.

Major Problems in Marriott

There are certain problems that Marriott is facing such as, slowing US economic growth. It has hampered the economic framework, taking into account that there is a 4% decrease in the customer's interest.

Political Unrest

Another major problem is political unrest and the threats to terrorism, taking into account that violence in places like Turkey and France had a negative impact on international RevPAR.

China’s review of Starwood merger

Merging between Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide and Marriott will beat Hilton by accessing highest ranking of largest hospitality service still there is a bidding war against Chinese Investment Company Anbang, affirming that Chinese government would reject to merge with China.

Development of Strategic Alternatives

Marriott has undergone development of strategic alternatives to maintance its perfection and satisfaction such as the launching of new brands in 2010, double presence in the realms of Europe by 2015 and adherence to incremental revenues by reducing costs at property levels. The company also aim at the provision of mid-level hotel segments to compete in the growing world of the population and utilizing low cost and high impact promotions.

Evaluation of Strategic Alternatives

Above mentioned strategic alternatives affirm that Marriott is trying to present itself strong and competent by approaching rapid growth through a tiny droplet of capital rather than huge investments. By the year 2015, the fees from Management and franchising have expanded to 31%. The management of stock is also admiring; a total annualization return is 23.1% that is much acceptable. Selected services have also added to the security of an organization.

Recommendation of the better Alternative

Marriott should try to infer “cloud compensate” because it will be a direct extension to the performance and sustainability of hotel. The extension of selective services is also a great tool to adapt to a competitive environment. Maintenance of technological aspects and mitigating danger of lack of bookings is also a best solution.

Implementation Techniques

The compensation for US slow down with a gigantic growth can make the hotel with fastest marketing. The segment of China can boom the market to about 15 or more cities addressing a population of about 4 billion. The provision of selective service to other hotels such as 100 hotels annually can maintain the repute. Evaluation of Expedia.com and Priceline.com can infer productivity and services in an organization. (Savolainen, et, al. 2018).

Control Procedures

There are certain initiatives that can be taken to keep the recommendations in synchronization such as “maintenance of cloud compensate’ in terms of investigations and reformations. The implication of selective services by restricting to certain services in all states is necessary to achieve the required goals. In order to promote technological advancements, adhering to technological features through proper evaluation of innovation is necessary to build up and remain consistent with mark.


Hotels & Resorts | Book your Hotel directly with Marriott. (2019). Marriott.com. Retrieved from https://www.Marriott.com/default.mi

http://fortune.com. (2019). Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2017/06/14/Marriott-arne-sorenson-starwood-acquisition-airbnb/

Marriott International SWOT Analysis Matrix [step by step] Weighted SWOT. (2019). Fern Fort University. Retrieved from http://fernfortuniversity.com/term-papers/swot/1433/195-Marriott-international.php

Savolainen, J. (2018). HOTEL INDUSTRY COMPETITIVE RESPONSES AGAINST AIRBNB: A case study of hotels vs. Airbnb in Helsinki.

Subject: Business and Management

Pages: 8 Words: 2400

No Title Page, Use 1-2 Lines For Your Name, Course Number And Date

[Author’s name] [Course number] [Date]

Influence of Critical and Feminist Approaches on Media


           A detailed and on-point understanding of different theories is an essential step to determine the significance of organizational communication. Proper awareness of different theories also helps to apply the most suitable processes and models in real-world situations according to the need for a specific situation. It is noteworthy to mention that critical and feminist theories are ranked as important approaches when it comes to evaluating the feature of power and the role of gender in different aspects of life. Both of these theoretical frameworks actively relate to the practical idea of organizational communication. This paper focuses to consider three main concepts of critical and feminist theories to determine their application on media. 


           The desired form of organizational functioning is only possible through the application of appropriate theoretical concepts according to the need of the situation. Critical and feminist approaches are characterized as contemporary theoretical forms to establish the desired form of communication within the organizational context. It is important to briefly demonstrate both the concepts of critical and feminist theoretical approaches to better understand the main grounds for organizational practices. 

Critical Theory

           There are many diverse theoretical domains associated with the broad idea of critical theory. The main idea of critical theory, in the context of organizational communication, is based on the theory developed by Stanley Deetz. The focal point of this theoretical approach is to actively consider the possibility of open conversations of power. Mainly, it is established by the theorists that consideration of specific social structures and procedures can be characterized as the main reasons of imbalance power. Furthermore, different forms of power imbalance lead to the development of various social alliances and groups. There are different concepts associated with the broader development of the approach of critical theory. Understanding of these ideas is significant to determine the practical implications of this theory in case of organizational communication. 

           The Pervasiveness of Power

           The concept of power is categorized as the main concept related to the theoretical approach of critical theory. Power is established as the defining and global feature of every organizational setting. Additionally, this idea is linked to the perspective of decision-making (Miller & Barbour, 2014). It is relevant to domains of control and authority in case of any organizational setting. The concept of power is also closely linked with the practical form of various organizational outcomes, mainly in the forms of job satisfaction and performance level. 


           It considered as the idea of a proper collection of different attitudes and beliefs. It is established that the domain of ideology played a prominent role in successful development of different thoughts. This idea is relevant to the objectives of specific controls and interpretations of reality. Different philosophies and thoughts ultimately formed different actions and defines specific responsibilities for everyone.

Feminist Theory

           The theoretical idea of feminist theory is also closely linked with the practical spectrum of power in the organizational setting because gender is characterized as one important source of authority. It is important to recognize the positioning and operations of males and females within organizational settings to develop a connection between gender and the power roles in organizations. A critical concept of “glass ceiling” is one significant approach to determine the approach of feminist theory in the case of the workplace setting. The practical ideas such as the “glass ceiling” are recognized as problematic domains that eventually create a huge gap between powerful positions of men and women in organizations. The foundational idea of the feminist theoretical approach is that organizations are characterized under the domains of traditional and governmental forms with the consideration of male-dominance. Roles and responsibilities are defined for males and females by considering their conventional characteristics. 

           Women Emancipation

           Emancipation is another critical idea linked with the theoretical approach of critical theory considering the domain of organizational communication. It is established that the ultimate aim of the critical approach is to achieve the idea of emancipation that eventually ensures proper regulation of authority and power. The idea of emancipation is defined as the freedom of people from improper restrictions, assumptions, and power associations. In other words, the approach of emancipation can be defined as the systematic procedure to enhance the domain of communicative actions within the spectrum of organizations (Miller & Barbour, 2014). It is argued that the objective of female emancipation in the case of organizational operations is only possible when it comes to total separation of women from male-dominated working institutions. 

Application of Concepts of Critical and Feminist Theories in Media

           It is imperative to examine the application of different concepts of critical and feminist theories in the context of media. This specific approach is vital because different forms of media are defined as an important source of presenting the domain of power and gender roles in the organizational setting. There is a number of media examples that depict the domain of organizational communication considering different concepts and ideas relevant to critical and feminist theories. 

           A specific film documentary, “Miss Representation” considered as the specific case to defined and critically analyze the concepts of power, ideology, and emancipation in the context of the organizational setting. The consideration of a particular documentary as an example is also a vital approach to figure out the main portrayal of concepts of critical and feminist theories on media. The consideration of this specific documentary movie is also suitable to explain the role of media concerning the representation of women mainly in case workplace settings. This American documentary was written and directed by Jennifer Siebel Newsom that initially released in 2011. The overall content of this movie represented the ugly side of media when it comes to the failure of representing women as strong entities within organizational settings. It is established that one failure of mainstream media is one major reason that causes the issue of under-representation of women specifically in case of powerful organizational positions. It is established that influential and false role of media is one critical drawback for women when it comes to achieving better and powerful working positions. It is important to discuss the main concepts of critical and feminist theoretical approaches to recognize the role of media in case of organizational communication. 

           The Implications of “The Pervasiveness of Power” in “Miss Representation”

           The idea of power with the consideration of gender roles is comprehensively discussed in the documentary. It is established that specific gender roles eventually determine different forms of power positions for both males and females. In other words, the approach of authority and dominance needs to be defined under the spectrum of gender difference. The difference in gender determines the position of decision-making for males and females. The depiction of women in “Miss Representation” revealed that media eventually presented women in case of defined goals that weaken their position as the powerful entity in the workplace setting. The wrong projection of women on media restricts their approach of power and authority for different working positions. The universality of power is appeared as the notion due to predefined gender roles and the portrayal of women by the media. 

           The Implications of “Ideology” in “Miss Representation”

           The concept of ideology in the form of critical theory is also evident when it comes to the depiction of women’s position in American society. The theoretical prospect of ideology associated with the domains of specific philosophical domains and thoughts that help to determine women’s position in society. This documentary explicitly revealed the negative role of media when it comes to selling specific and conventional thoughts about the roles of girls and women. It is established that women need to play their successful role in the forms of youth, beauty, and sexuality and they are not capable of decision-making. The paradigm of leadership is clearly rejected for women due to specific thoughts associated with the idea of women’s roles in society. The specific concept of ideology is established in the movie in the form of describing specific characteristics for men and women. It is established that currently, media is interested to define responsibilities for men and women according to their predefined gender roles. This specific approach established males as a suitable entity when it comes to dominance and applying for decision-making roles. 

The Implications of “Women Emancipation” in “Miss Representation”  

The feminist theoretical approach in the form of women emancipation is also present in case of the example of “Miss Representation.” The shocking facts about women illustrated in this documentary clearly indicate that there is a need for offering some immediate practical measures to alter the biased social structure. There is a need for offering better practical strategies to ensure a strong women’s position as a prominent decision-makers in different organizational contexts. 


           To conclude the discussion about the specific concepts of critical and feminist approaches, it is important that the platform of media needs to reconsider its position to ensure better social opportunities for women. The depiction of women as a sex symbol is the conventional ideology presented by media. This specific approach eventually weakens women’s position to consider them as successful decision-makers. 


ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Miller, K., & Barbour, J. (2014). Organizational Communication: Approaches and Processes. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=HOPKAgAAQBAJ

Subject: Business and Management

Pages: 5 Words: 1500

Continuum Of Care Evaluation And Analysis

[Continuum of Care Evaluation and Analysis]



Continuum of Care Evaluation and Analysis

The emergence of chronic diseases in recent decades are considered the major health concerns of American populace. By definition, chronic disease is a condition that progresses slowly, continues for long durations of time, having no impulsive cure, and more often than confines ability, efficiency, and life quality of a person who suffers from it. Asthma is one of the chronic diseases in the US and one of the principal reasons of school absenteeism. This chronic illness is more common among children and adolescents. There are number of community and national resources that are working for the control and cure of Asthma.

Community Resources

Community resources that are working to cope with the perils of Asthma and improve the quality of life of the people who are suffering from it. All such community services are levitating awareness and intensifying instructive outreach in every community ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"k6KmgQ2c","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Hindi-Alexander & Cropp, 1981)","plainCitation":"(Hindi-Alexander & Cropp, 1981)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":530,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/jsvqEXt1/items/7A67YL3A"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/jsvqEXt1/items/7A67YL3A"],"itemData":{"id":530,"type":"article-journal","title":"Community and family programs for children with asthma.","container-title":"Annals of allergy","page":"143–148","volume":"46","issue":"3","source":"Google Scholar","author":[{"family":"Hindi-Alexander","given":"M."},{"family":"Cropp","given":"G. J."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1981"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Hindi-Alexander & Cropp, 1981). The two such community resources are as follows:

Winning with Asthma

Winning with Asthma is a community resource that is helping people who are living with this chronic illness. This program helps the athletes to learn how this chronic disease affects their ability to compete. In addition, online training is also offered by the community resource to teach the following.

Basics of Asthma

What steps should be taken when athletes experience asthma attacks

When medication is required and when

Allergy and Asthma Network

This nonprofit organization which is a network of families actually and offers information regarding allergies and asthma and how to live with them.

National Resources

National resources that are working to levitate the quality of life of the people suffering with asthma many. Two of these services are:

American Lung Association in Minnesota

This national service provides training opportunities to the healthcare professionals and to the people who are suffering with it. This national resource offers educational programs to help people stop smoking and managing their asthma.

Asthma Community Network

This national resource is committed to provide cooperating space to programs that are community based ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"ojrun74l","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Joseph et al., 2007)","plainCitation":"(Joseph et al., 2007)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":532,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/jsvqEXt1/items/VP3BF8G7"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/jsvqEXt1/items/VP3BF8G7"],"itemData":{"id":532,"type":"article-journal","title":"A web-based, tailored asthma management program for urban African-American high school students","container-title":"American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine","page":"888–895","volume":"175","issue":"9","source":"Google Scholar","author":[{"family":"Joseph","given":"Christine LM"},{"family":"Peterson","given":"Edward"},{"family":"Havstad","given":"Suzanne"},{"family":"Johnson","given":"Christine C."},{"family":"Hoerauf","given":"Sarah"},{"family":"Stringer","given":"Sonja"},{"family":"Gibson-Scipio","given":"Wanda"},{"family":"Ownby","given":"Dennis R."},{"family":"Elston-Lafata","given":"Jennifer"},{"family":"Pallonen","given":"Unto"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2007"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Joseph et al., 2007). The resource also helps organizations that sponsor such programs. Sponsorship includes the following.

Providing health plans

Supporting nonprofit organizations.

Offer exchange programs and coalitions.


All the national, community and national resources mentioned above are beneficial in terms of fighting with chronic illness like asthma. Such services and resources have improved the quality of medical care and established self-management support system. Surveillance of disparities and community education are also the two main components which these national resources are equipped with. These resources also provide collaboration with other stakeholders and assess the work of services in order to identify the areas that need improvement.


ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Hindi-Alexander, M., & Cropp, G. J. (1981). Community and family programs for children with asthma. Annals of Allergy, 46(3), 143–148.

Joseph, C. L., Peterson, E., Havstad, S., Johnson, C. C., Hoerauf, S., Stringer, S., … Pallonen, U. (2007). A web-based, tailored asthma management program for urban African-American high school students. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 175(9), 888–895.

Subject: Healthcare and Nursing

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Literature Of The Late 19th Century – Perspectives On America

The literature of the Late 19th Century- Perspectives on America

The literature of the 19th Century- Perspectives on America

In American literary realism, there are two prominent names, with little elements common between them. Mark Twain, starts his analysis about realism by criticizing social values about racism and slavery in the late nineteenth century. His inclusion about regional dialogue helps the readers to visualize the dialect of Huck’s language. Twain’s ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ predicts realism as a swamp on which critics of his writings can easily be bogged down. This is the reason it becomes hard to find a common ground for placing Twain and Ward’s writings together. ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"NM3dokfq","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Jewett, 1891)","plainCitation":"(Jewett, 1891)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":5,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/RN9DGZQZ"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/RN9DGZQZ"],"itemData":{"id":5,"type":"book","title":"A white heron","source":"Google Scholar","author":[{"family":"Jewett","given":"Sarah Orne"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1891"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Jewett, 1891) As a reason of many dissimilarities between Mark Twain and Henry Ward, it is right to comment that only thing they both have in common is the ‘profession’.

Another aspect of his writings which helps to reflect an image of realism is frequent use of keen satire and the use of colloquial dialogue. His premeditated yet untroubled writing style, the reflection of imagery and depiction of child heroes in some of his famous writings reflect the depiction of realism. Contrary to Twain, Charles Browne (Artemus Ward) recognized for his famous literary piece nom de plume, reflected the constructs of realism through standup comedy. At the time, these both writers lived, the realist aspect was more reflected either through the material affairs or through the writings ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"ixwCyiHX","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Ochs & Capps, 1996)","plainCitation":"(Ochs & Capps, 1996)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":2,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/TV2IHVVP"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/TV2IHVVP"],"itemData":{"id":2,"type":"article-journal","title":"Narrating the self","container-title":"Annual review of anthropology","page":"19–43","volume":"25","issue":"1","source":"Google Scholar","author":[{"family":"Ochs","given":"Elinor"},{"family":"Capps","given":"Lisa"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1996"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Ochs & Capps, 1996). They both have employed the realist perspective in either way. Their writings contrast in the manner in which they have used discourses to display the imagery of realism. Ward’s ‘On Forts’ and ‘Fourth of July Oration’, however totally contrast from Twain’s writings. The critical analysis suggests that both writers have narrowly differed on some aspect of realism, which they have presented in many contrasting forms.

For many readers, the writings of Mark Twain present some inclusive themes of realism. He has not employed a limited perspective to convey his ideas. For example, in the ‘Adventures of Huckleberry Finn’, Twin has explored many new aspects of literary realism. The themes which Twin has more focused over in this collection are freedom, individual conscience and nature. Freedom is preliminary to this story, since the main character of Twin, Douglas is trying to escape from some of is close relatives ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"VZ98PXd4","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Clemens, 1962)","plainCitation":"(Clemens, 1962)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":7,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/QRCQI6LM"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/s8f0QVnP/items/QRCQI6LM"],"itemData":{"id":7,"type":"article-journal","title":"The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County","container-title":"Selected Shorter Writings of Mark Twain. Ed. Walter Blair. New York: Houghton Mifflin","volume":"18","source":"Google Scholar","author":[{"family":"Clemens","given":"Samuel"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["1962"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Clemens, 1962). Twin has elaborated realism by signifying the use of individual conscience, which is a kind of a new aspect in the late eighteenth-century literature.


ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Clemens, S. (1962). The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. Selected Shorter Writings of Mark Twain. Ed. Walter Blair. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 18.

Jewett, S. O. (1891). A white heron.

Ochs, E., & Capps, L. (1996). Narrating the self. Annual Review of Anthropology, 25(1), 19–43.

Subject: History and Anthropology

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Attracting Talent Across The Generations

Attracting Talent across the Generations

[Name of the Student:]

[Name of the Institution:]

Attracting Talent across the Generations

The different generations employed in the workplace reflect diversity and changing behaviors. People have started looking for more comforts of life and, therefore, their financial needs have increased. The young employees tend to work for more hours, and a considerably increased number of older employees can be seen in the workplaces than before to make great savings for their retirement. The need to compensate all demographic groups of people in the workplace precisely has become vital. To this end, an understanding of the values of each demographic group is essential.

The modern workforce is different from that of the past in their point of view. The modern generation works for getting in life what they want, and do not regard work as the ultimate goal. The older generation regard work to be the most important aspect of their life, and display a relatively more reverent attitude toward their job.

The employers should consider the values and point-of-views of every generation for developing compensation packages to offer them in the recruitment process. They should offer performance-based packages to the new generations (e.g. Millennials, Generation Z). Jobs should be evaluated effectively. A career growth must be projected as they spend more time with the company (Jackson, Lee, & Shoemaker, 2019). The older generations (Generation X) seek respect, grades, and uniformity. They look for well-paid jobs because they have to support their families. They need a balance of work and personal life. The much older generations (Baby Boomers) need a recognition of their experience, and they look for attractive benefits that match their grades.

The Millennials should consider the career growth when accepting an offer. A company which offers more chances of training, refresher courses, and career development should be sought by them. Since they indulge relatively more in the recreational activities in their everyday life, they ought to opt for jobs that are flexible and performance-based. They should also consider retirement benefits to build a far-seeing attitude toward life.


Jackson, S. O., Lee, P. C., & Shoemaker, J. (2019). ATTRACTING AND RETAINING MILLENNIALS. Human Resources Management Issues, Challenges and Trends:" Now and Around the Corner", 163.

Subject: HRM

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Benefit Packages In A Global Business Environment

Benefit Packages in a Global Business Environment

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Benefit Packages in a Global Business Environment

Today’s globally competitive business environment has caused many U.S. businesses to reduce the value of their employee benefit packages. Examine how an organization can maintain its costly benefit structure while remaining competitive against countries whose companies do not offer such benefits.

The text from the course shows the weaknesses of globalization which states that “the disadvantages of a global economy deal with inequity, the more affluent members of society are typically better positioned to take advantage of opportunities presented via globalization”. This is the concern and problem because this may enhance the development of imbalanc3e in wages and sharp differences in the life ways and can develop openings crosswise on the financial classes. An example of this is the outsourcing, where the course text states and defines this as “moving labor from one country to another where the cost of labor is cheaper, as an economic benefit to companies” while it can create a problem for the employees or labor (Weathington, & Weathington, 2016).

Despite, based on the statement of De Soto, two-third of the population of the entire world has been locked out even out of the concept of globalization (De Soto, 2015). While they live in very weak condition. In order to contradict it as an inverse ad negative results for both of the sides on the range (the local businesses and companies whose labor and employees survive because of outsourcing and because of the huge number of employees which are excluded from the globalization) (Weathington, & Weathington, 2016). Here, one important and crucial thing that can be done by the national business or company for their employees in their host region or country is to ensure the provision of enough and decent benefits package and compensation.

The text of the course enters into the importance of it and states that “a business or organization can keep its costly benefits structure maintained while remaining competitive against the other countries whose organizations and businesses do not suffer such benefits through the creation of a though-out and well-defined business and organizational strategies that include practices regarding benefits and compensations, as well requires to be on the stage where they can maximize positive results and minimize the inversely affecting one or simply negative ones” (De Soto, 2015).


Globalization at the Crossroads - Full Video. (2019). YouTube. Retrieved 9 October 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gnh5MIiG4gQ

Weathington, B. L. & Weathington, J. G. (2016). Compensation and Benefits: Aligning Awards with Strategy. Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Subject: HRM

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Conducting A Job Analysis


To: Supervisor

From: [Student’s Name]

Date: February 12, 2019

SUBJECT: Why Job Analysis is required for any recruitment

The assessment established that job analysis is essential for any recruitment process. As stated by Violik (2017), the process involve reviewing qualification and requirement of certain position, which the company would want to fill. It is done before engaging in the recruitment and selection process of a new employee. It helps in getting the best skills and traits, which are required for a certain job or position. And therefore, it is essential for Human Resource (HR) to engage in efficient job analysis prior to the selection and recruitment process. The job analysis also helps in having sense on what an organization is looking for in a candidate. For instance, in an organization setup, service job and sales vary from more from task oriented and therefore, sales and service skills are important. Therefore, without job analysis an organization cannot have a clear knowledge or idea of the type of an employee who would fit in a specific job position. It is therefore, likely to increase the recruitment success of the organization. The job analysis is also done to track the performance and the need in the market in each position offered by the company. It also helps the HR to safe guard the company against any lawsuit resulting from discrimination by either employees or any organization.

The assessment of job analysis of the regional sales representative position established that, the organization should focus on the skills and experience of employees since sales representative position requires a dynamic person who is also result oriented. In the process of recruitment, communications and interpersonal skills of each candidate should be evaluated and used as a yard stick for recruitment. This should account high in the assessment criteria because a sales representative should be able to network and relate well with employees and create a good network in the market.

Regional sales representatives would focus on studying the existing and potential dealers in the market, monitor competition and recommend change in product, provide historical information of customers and area sales, submit orders by referring to the existing price list and therefore, the organization focus during recruitment should be to get an employee who can efficiently carry out these responsibilities. However, the assessment establishes that the company should recruit an employee who can meet sales goals and can close deals and therefore, the focus of the recruitment team should be on the dynamic candidate, self confidence, a negotiator, and has the knowledge of the product. According to Kim (2015), an employee with a broad understanding of the product and the company strategies is capable of articulate issues and therefore, can be able to deliver on the task.

A candidate for the position of regional sales representative must have a bachelor degree in sales and marketing or any related business courses. A certification in sales and marketing and competency in computer skills especially in Microsoft office such as word, excel, database and PowerPoint will also be added advantage. It would also be important for the organization to recruit an individual with over five years experience in the field of sales and marketing. These requirements are necessary because a sale representative is the focal point of a company in every region and therefore, a candidate for this position should have a high qualification and understand the market as well.

However, the regional sales representative wage plan includes benefits and commission, which are paid based on the total sales made by each employee. The regional sales representatives would be paid annual salary of $250,000, plus commission to be tabulated based on the sales each employee achieved at the end of the each financial year. The employment terms should also be on contract basis of at least three years, with an option for renewal of the contract upon application by an employee. It is also important to highlight that employees in sales would be working for forty hours a week as the rest of the employees and any extra time would be compensated as it done by other employees. This means that regional sales representative are suppose to work under the same regulations as the rest of employees to deliver efficient services to the organization.

The organization therefore, should focus on some of the key competency of candidates and evaluate them based on the job requirement and responsibilities. And based on the assessment, the regional sales representative responsibilities include maintaining contact with clients, updating the organization, and negotiating on behalf of the organization and therefore, it is important to get a highly qualify individual for the position.

The process of recruitment should proceed by posting the position and calling for application from potential candidates. When posting the position, the duties, terms of employment, position and qualification would be indicated to ensure that the right and prospect candidates apply for the position advertised CITATION Pau14 \l 1033 (Petterson, 2014). These can only be complete with efficient job analysis and without job analysis the recruitment would based his or her decision on assumption on what it takes to succeed on job, which is not appropriate. It is therefore, important to note that the job analysis is a critical process of recruitment, which organizations should adhered to in order to get the right candidate for every position advertise because without conducting efficient job analysis it would be difficult for an organization to understand what it needs and the best way to get the best candidate for a position.


BIBLIOGRAPHY Kim, P. (2015). Recruitment and selection process of employees. Internationa Journal of Human Resource , 2-15.

Petterson, P. (2014). Employees Managament And Job Skills Evaluation. International Journal of Business Studies and Personel , 2-5.

Violink, N. (2017). Personal and Management - Case Study Tata . Management and recruitment Process , 2-15.

Subject: Business and Management

Pages: 3 Words: 900

Correctional Facility Violence And Victimization Paper

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Violence and Victimization

Student s Name

School or Institution Name (University at Place or Town, State)


1.1 Correctional Practices and responses to correctional facility violence and victimization

Correctional practices and responses to correctional facility violence and victimization have always been debatable in the criminal justice system. There are multi-dimensional aspects of correctional practices and their respective responses are meant to reduce criminal activities. However, some practices correctional practices give reverse impact on the proportionate reduction of crimes, reason that the law enforcement agencies relevant officials do not ensure sincere efforts in the provision of adequate facilities and correctional facilities, in violation of policy instructions (Bell, 2002). Following correctional facilities, but not limited to, are necessarily used as measures for reduction of crime rates.

Provision of adequate health facilities-

In order to ensure corrective facilities, it is pertinent that prisoners are provided with adequate health and recreational facilities so that they can be made more responsible citizens.

Psychological training

Through properly trained psychological experts, the criminal mindset can be converted into a well civilized and well-learned mindset. Further, abnormal behavior may also be normalized by the provision of adequate training and facilities.

Educating and awareness

Education and proper awareness is the key to bring reforms in prisoners settings. Educating criminals resultantly ensures that the rate of crimes is considerably reduced.

Assessment of risk

Assessment of risk is also an important factor to be considered while developing a correctional facility. Wherein, the nature of the risk involved in each sort of crimes is properly assessed and addressed accordingly ( Fuller Orsagh, 1977).

1.2 Crime data and trends in correctional facility violence and victimization

Empirical data reveals that interpersonal assaults, homicides, suicides, robbery and other crimes have not been controlled to a considerable figure. Rather, it has been revealed through empirical research that correctional facilities are not practiced effectively to prevent crimes and to educate criminals in the reduction of crimes.

1.3 Future approaches to limiting correctional facility violence and victimization

In order to avoid further enhancement of violence and limiting the effects of crimes, it is pertinent law enforcement agencies need to ensure correctional facilities that aim massive awareness and well being of prisoners to educate them to be responsible citizens. Further, jails officials need to be trained with relevant training for ensuring the provision of requisite training. Moreover, it is also pertinent that diversely skilled prisoners need to be identified, and their skills to be utilized effectively for productive outcome in the correctional setting (Maltz, M. D. 1999).

1.4 Identification and discussion of sources of police injustice related to correctional facility violence and victimization.

Police and other prison officials have been involved in different sort of injustices related to correctional facility violence and victimization. Prisoners are not provided with adequate facilities keeping into consideration health and correctional setting standards, thereby paving the way for further violence and victimization of prisoners. Such behaviors resultantly lead to injustices related to correctional facilities. Moreover, policies, as well as other concerned authorities, show recklessness and rudeness in the rendering of their services that resultantly multiply crimes rate together with paving way for further deterioration of the criminal justice system. Police and other relevant officials need to be conscious enough in the provision of correctional measures.

2. Conclusion

After analyzing and assessing the correctional facility violence and victimization it is concluded that correctional facilities need to be addressed properly by reducing police injustices together with the provision of adequate care for prisoners in prisoners settings. Moreover, enough resources need to utilized to ensure effective corrective facilities for prevention of crimes violence and victimization. Timely addressing of issues will ensure the reduction in crimes rate leading to the welfare society.


Bell, C. C. (2002). Violence prevention 101 Implications for policy development. In A. Blumstein, L. Steinberg, C. C. Bell, M. A. Berger,Perspectives on Crime and Justice 2000- 2001 Lecture Series, Vol. V(pp. 65-93). Washington, DC National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from HYPERLINK http//www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/187100.pdf t _blank http//www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/187100.pdf

Fuller, D. A., Orsagh, T. (1977). Violence and Victimization within a State Prison System.Criminal Justice Review,2(2), 35 55. HYPERLINK https//doi.org/10.1177/073401687700200205 https//doi.org/10.1177/073401687700200205

Maltz, M. D. (1999).Bridging gaps in police crime data. DIANE Publishing.

OBRIEN, R. M. (1996). Police productivity and crime rates 1973 1992.Criminology,34(2), 183-207.



Correctional Facility Violence and Victimization



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Subject: Education

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Current Event Paper

Current Event Ppaer

Your Name (First M. Last)

School or Institution Name (University at Place or Town, State)

Federal Emergency Management is one of the well-known agencies in the United States. Its primary purpose is to coordinate the responses of local as well as state authorities in the case of any disaster. History shows that the federal government has been playing an important role in emergency management. There are hundreds of incidents that have been managed by Federal Emergency Management since the time of its foundation. No doubt this agency helps in resolving the issues as well as assist in coping with the challenges of any natural disaster. Though all the incidents are managed by following the federal emergency management principles, but unfortunately, there are some incidents which cast hazardous impacts on the United States since 2010.

One of the main incidents, operated by Federal Emergency Management is Hurricane Harvey that cast hazardous impacts on the United States in Texas. According to the records, with nearly 4.5 feet of rain and wind at 130 mph, Hurricane Harvey propelled a disaster response. It was the time, when not only government and non-profit organizations came on the front foot to save lives but also neighbors joined to mount an untiring effort for meeting needs of thousands of people (Van Oldenborgh,et,al,2017). Before the storm landed near Rockport, on Aug 25, Federal Emergency Management Agency beforehand prepositioned personnel and supplies in this state. FEMA joined local agencies and all other organizations for showing a response against the devastation caused by this storm.

Hurricane Harvey caused destruction at great level but FEMA managed all the disasters effectively by acting upon its principles. FEMA catered disasters and responded to the threats by following its fundamental principles i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Most of the time, things as per the plan and principles and add a lot in the success of FEMA. It assigned 28 Urban Search and Rescue teams to deploy to Texas for assisting state as well as local agencies for saving lives (Jonkman,et,al,2018). These teams rescued 6453 humans and 237 animals using high water trucks and boats. This rescue operation involved National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and many other agencies. Huge funding was done by FEMA for the cost of protective measures and removal of debris. It also coordinated with National Business Emergency Operations Center calls among 150 companies that are working in the private sector.

There has been witnessed a historic need of housing following Hurricane Harvey, keeping the need in consideration, FEMA along with the state of Texas looked forward for making an agreement on establishing a state-managed mission and this is how the state of Texas provided homes to thousands of people on the behalf of FEMA. Due to the absence of grant-making authority, this agreement was created and it provided solutions that met disaster-specific objectives and also at the same time, FEMA developed more systematic long-term recovery plans. FEMA was already dealing with 692 open disasters (Goldberg,et,al,2018). FEMA deployed its Corps team (total 41 in numbers) that was prepared in 15 days of disaster declaration that started on 27 August. Hurricane Harvey stalled over parts in southern Texas, which resulted in flooding and weather conditions and it proved helpful as ports, roads and airports were closed and access to disastrous areas was prevented. Following Hurricane Harvey, the commodity was managed by Texas National Guard.

FEMA took an eye on the distribution efforts by taking help of Texas crisis management software platform for viewing the distribution points, inventory, commodity burn rates and required locations. The Environmental Protection Agency collaborated with Texas Commission on Environmental Quality and completed a target of 625 assessments of drinking water along with 441 wastewater assessments. The Department of Energy provided support to the Texas Division of Emergency Management. It was seen that utility companies made a proper response in a coordinated manner for activating mutual support networks. They assigned more than 10,000 workers who belonged to different 21 states for recovery and response efforts.

Department of Defense provided support to more than 30 missions on the behalf of FEMA. These mission assignments included strategic airlifts, rescue team, evacuation, transportation, logistics, patient movement, and installations support. The Department of Agriculture activated the program for providing food benefits to the households that would not even qualify. Schools in the areas that struck with Hurricane Harvey allowed providing meals free of cost for all the students. Helicopters were used for identifying stranded livestock. FEMA also supported the Department of Transportation that begins with the idea of reshaping and returning transportation infrastructure into its pre-storm conditions. Federal Highway Administration focused upon activating the employee response effort and staff assisted in emergencies. Many of the people lost their jobs because of the Hurricane Harvey and FEMA activated Disaster Unemployment Assistance for citizens of Texas, the commission was formed by FEMA that processed insurance claims of 136,576 out of 17,714 people under the name of the program "DUA".

So as a whole, it could be concluded that FEMA managed many disasters that caused destruction at a great level. FEMA through the collaboration of many government and non-government organizations supported various fields for resolving the issues. Programs were made not only for identifying the issues but also recovery programs of FEMA severed best for reshaping infrastructure and bringing back life of people on the normal routine. FEMA managed to handle many natural disasters because it has been dealing with numbers of unpredictable situations. National Response Framework and National Incident Management have almost same kind of principles like that of FEMA so they all supported each other for saving thousands of lives.


Van Oldenborgh, G. J., Van Der Wiel, K., Sebastian, A., Singh, R., Arrighi, J., Otto, F., ... & Cullen, H. (2017). Attribution of extreme rainfall from Hurricane Harvey, August 2017. Environmental Research Letters, 12(12), 124009.

Goldberg, M., Li, S., Goodman, S., Lindsey, D., Sjoberg, B., & Sun, D. (2018). Contributions of operational satellites in monitoring the catastrophic floodwaters due to Hurricane Harvey. Remote Sensing, 10(8), 1256.

Jonkman, S. N., Godfroy, M., Sebastian, A., & Kolen, B. (2018). Brief communication: Loss of life due to Hurricane Harvey. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 18(4), 1073-1078.

Subject: Education

Pages: 3 Words: 900

Executive Compensation

Executive Compensation

Author Note

Compensation Inequality

“The growing compensation inequity between executive management, and the average employee threatens to destabilize organizational morale and societal justice”

After reviewing various studies, I agree with the above-mentioned statement about the widening gap between executive management and subordinate workers. Some new researches analyzing a new perspective of income inequality found that corporations whose executive management is earning higher with a lot of perks and privileges are less desirable to be employed in ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"fD13aqY2","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Breza, Kaur, and Shamdasani 2018)","plainCitation":"(Breza, Kaur, and Shamdasani 2018)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":230,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/55bqtMd8/items/QXGFDQXE"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/55bqtMd8/items/QXGFDQXE"],"itemData":{"id":230,"type":"article-journal","title":"The Morale Effects of Pay Inequality","container-title":"The Quarterly Journal of Economics","page":"611-663","volume":"133","issue":"2","source":"academic.oup.com","abstract":"Abstract. Relative-pay concerns have potentially broad labor market implications. In a month-long experiment with Indian manufacturing workers, we randomize wh","DOI":"10.1093/qje/qjx041","ISSN":"0033-5533","journalAbbreviation":"Q J Econ","language":"en","author":[{"family":"Breza","given":"Emily"},{"family":"Kaur","given":"Supreet"},{"family":"Shamdasani","given":"Yogita"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2018",5,1]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Breza, Kaur, and Shamdasani 2018). when workers are compensated less than their peers, they feel discouraged, which often results in reduced output. However, growing CEO compensations have increased the income inequality manifolds.

CEO compensation has negative impacts on society. It is worth saying that greater responsibility accounts for greater reward, but the basic salary and performance bonus ration of 20-to-80 are not justifiable. Another aspect of compensation disparity is that it depends upon how much risk an employee is carrying with him. Compensation disparities should be determined by experience and risk of responsibilities, a worker carry for an organization. The transparency of a firm about worker’s compensation is important for equality insights and output maximization.

The compensation gap is one of the deriving factors of household income inequality. This compensation disparity is a threat to the societal justice system, the rich are going to be richer, and the poor are going to be poorer. Within the organization, the pay differentials impact the worker's productivity, as well as his utility. If worker utility for his compensation is not maximized, it will ultimately affect his productivity.

High compensation inequality in one organization potentially affects the features of the overall labor market. Companies must bother about appreciating the hard work of the sub-ordinates, otherwise, it will lead to an environment where ethics of social justice are easily compromised ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"jirmajEE","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Whelton 2012)","plainCitation":"(Whelton 2012)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":233,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/55bqtMd8/items/Z4FBTF3X"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/55bqtMd8/items/Z4FBTF3X"],"itemData":{"id":233,"type":"book","title":"Effects of excessive CEO pay on US society","author":[{"family":"Whelton","given":"Russell S."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2012"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Whelton 2012). Therefore, Organizations should bother about the wage differentials between the CEO and the other average employees, to create a motivational working environment within the organization, and to promote income equality in the society as a whole.


ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Breza, Emily, Supreet Kaur, and Yogita Shamdasani. 2018. “The Morale Effects of Pay Inequality.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 133(2): 611–63.

Whelton, Russell S. 2012. Effects of Excessive CEO Pay on US Society.

Subject: HRM

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Explain Symptoms Of Stress

Explain Symptoms of Stress

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Explain Symptoms of Stress

Symptoms of Stress

The stress causes specific physiological and psychological changes in the body, so it is easily identifiable when a person is in stress. First of all, it triggers the sympathetic nervous system, and that causes many physiological responses in the body to get triggered. These responses change or alter from one moment to another. One of the responses of the sympathetic nervous system caused in the body is fight-or-flight; it prepares the body for either to combat back or just run away or avoid the situation. It makes a man alert and focused on its target. The adrenal glands start releasing stress hormone, along with cortisol and adrenaline. These hormones help in getting a person to the safest place. However, stress affects each and every organ of the body from muscles to stomach or feet. The stress causes emotional responses in the body such as depressed mood, irritability, insomnia, chronic anxiety, and difficulty in learning, focusing or concentrating. It also urges in a person the feeling of loss of sex drive and eating disorders.

According to the survey of American Psychological Association people are usually awake at night due to stress. Therefore, stress is detrimental to the well-being of our personal and professional life and also health. The effect of stress is adverse on the body, as the body starts acting deviant to the standard procedures of life which in turn affects the biological, psychological and social life of a person. Therefore, in the result of this prolonged condition of stress a person is not able to eat well, sleep well and even communicate or socialize well. All the symptoms of stress are interrelated, starting from early onset to the prolonged occurrence of stress. Also, the connection of stress response in interlinked as well, because it is seen that lack of sleep disrupts the food cycle and it, therefore, ruins the functioning of a person.

Subject: Psychology

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Healthcare Structure, Organization & Governance

Healthcare Structure, Organization and Governance

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

Healthcare Structure, Organization and Governance

HMO Models and its Types

The five generally renowned models of HMOs are staff, group, network, IPA and direct contract. The main variations between these models relate to the relationship between the HMO and its contributing doctors. Newly specific HMOs typically could be neatly characterized into a solitary model type for descriptive determinations. Presently, several (if not most) HMOs have diverse associations with diverse groups of doctors. As a result, numerous HMOs cannot simply be categorized as a solitary model type though such strategies are occasionally denoted as mixed models.

Staff Model

In a staff model HMO, the doctors who aid the HMO's enclosed beneficiaries are hired by the HMO. These doctors classically are paid every month and may also obtain bonus or motivation payments that are grounded on their productivity and performance. This model must employ doctors in all the mutual specialties to deliver for the health care requirements of their associates. This model is often termed as a close model because physicians and the employees are infrequently delivering health services ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"aae541dg6j","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Ganda, Mitchell, & Seibel, 2019)","plainCitation":"(Ganda, Mitchell, & Seibel, 2019)"},"citationItems":[{"id":353,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/JLIPN2IG"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/JLIPN2IG"],"itemData":{"id":353,"type":"chapter","title":"Models of Secondary Fracture Prevention: Systematic Review and Metaanalysis of Outcomes","container-title":"Secondary Fracture Prevention","publisher":"Elsevier","page":"33-62","author":[{"family":"Ganda","given":"Kirtan"},{"family":"Mitchell","given":"Paul J."},{"family":"Seibel","given":"Markus J."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2019"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Ganda, Mitchell, & Seibel, 2019). They have a higher proportion of control and can manage overall health care deliveries and ambulatory care services. This is the advantage of this model over other models.

Group Model

In group model HMOs, the HMO agrees with a multispecialty doctor group practice to deliver all doctor facilities to the HMO's associates. The doctors in the group HMO model work mutually in groups and not by HMO. They check all kinds of patients in some circumstances such as HMO patients and others. The doctors in the group practice are working by the group practice and not by the HMO. The group model HMO has various disadvantages such as the limited selection of participating doctors for potential HMO associates. The limited number of hospitals and the limited number of locations often have a lack of accessibility of doctors for the community and the HMO members due to geographical boundaries. This also results in less advertisement for the HMO.

Network Model

A network model HMO is comparable to a group model HMO in which they deliver contract therapeutic facilities for their members from one or more group medical practices. The dissimilarity between these two is that the members contact the group model for the services and the group model HMO contacts the network model HMO. They provide services to the number of patients who are not network members.

Best Suitable Model

Health maintenance organizations (HMOs) are accomplished care prepaid cluster practices in which an individual pays a continuing premium for inclusive health-care facilities. HMOs are concerned with anticipatory and ambulatory facilities envisioned to decrease stays of hospitalization ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a2643ivp5t9","properties":{"formattedCitation":"{\\rtf (\\uc0\\u8220{}Trauma Verification FAQs,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)}","plainCitation":"(“Trauma Verification FAQs,” n.d.)"},"citationItems":[{"id":348,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/8M4ND2H6"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/8M4ND2H6"],"itemData":{"id":348,"type":"webpage","title":"Trauma Verification FAQs","URL":"https://www.facs.org/quality-programs/trauma/tqp/center-programs/vrc/faq","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",11,4]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Trauma Verification FAQs,” n.d.). The HCO's transfer is planned in nature, averting the auction of the hospice to its for-profit opponent, and will improve the area of its solitary emergency department level 2 (two) trauma center with helicopter transportation while providing the HCO the capacity to serve its rising HMO association in the region. The best suitable model HMO would be group model HMO or network model HMO (open panel model) for this region. In this model, several physicians have diverse associations and link with a group of members. They deliver preventive and anticipatory services to the members.

Importance and Applicability of Various Levels of Emergency Department Level I Trauma Center

A level I provides total and complete care for every aspect whether it is injuries, prevention related or rehabilitation ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"a2mj2iudc8v","properties":{"formattedCitation":"{\\rtf (\\uc0\\u8220{}Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)}","plainCitation":"(“Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,” n.d.)"},"citationItems":[{"id":344,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/95HVIAL3"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/95HVIAL3"],"itemData":{"id":344,"type":"webpage","title":"Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society","URL":"https://www.amtrauma.org/page/traumalevels","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",11,4]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,” n.d.). It is a resource center of a tertiary care unit and provides 24 hours services in the presence of physicians, orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, anesthesia surgeons and emergency drug specialists, radiology specialists, plastic surgeons, oral and maxillofacial, pediatric and critical care surgeons.

Level II Trauma Center

A Level II Trauma Center is capable to pledge ultimate care for all injured patients. 24-hour instant treatment by general physicians, as well as treatment by the specialists from orthopedic, neurosurgery, anesthesiology, emergency medication, radiology and acute care ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"ab1j6lm15q","properties":{"formattedCitation":"{\\rtf (\\uc0\\u8220{}Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,\\uc0\\u8221{} n.d.)}","plainCitation":"(“Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,” n.d.)"},"citationItems":[{"id":344,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/95HVIAL3"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/95HVIAL3"],"itemData":{"id":344,"type":"webpage","title":"Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society","URL":"https://www.amtrauma.org/page/traumalevels","accessed":{"date-parts":[["2019",11,4]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (“Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society,” n.d.). Through HMO model, it would be providing services to the community and marketing would be an additional benefit after moving.

Level II Trauma Center

A Level III Trauma Center has established a capacity to deliver rapid valuation, resuscitation, operation, intensive care and maintenance of wounded patients and emergency procedures. They deliver 24 hours of treatment services and provide back up for the rural communities.

Level IV Trauma Center

A Level IV Trauma Center has validated a capacity to deliver advanced trauma life support (ATLS) earlier to the relocation of individuals to an advanced level trauma center. It delivers assessment, stabilization and diagnostic proficiencies for wounded patients.

Level V Trauma Center

A Level V Trauma Center delivers early assessment, stabilization and diagnostic competencies and organizes patients for relocation to upper levels of care.

Exemptions to Critical Care Rural Hospital

Critical Care Hospital is a title given to appropriate rural hospitals by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The title is intended to decrease the economic susceptibility of rural hospitals and recover access to healthcare by possessing important facilities in rural societies. To achieve this objective, critical care hospitals obtain definite benefits, for example, cost-based reimbursement for Medicare services. They have to qualify for the designation by providing 25 or fewer acute care inpatient beds and delivery of services 24/7 with a maximum length of stay 96 hours for acute care patients ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"agf79j266a","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Casey, Evenson, Moscovice, & Wu, 2018)","plainCitation":"(Casey, Evenson, Moscovice, & Wu, 2018)"},"citationItems":[{"id":350,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/X2Y3IPQQ"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/p8kwKNoG/items/X2Y3IPQQ"],"itemData":{"id":350,"type":"article-journal","title":"Availability of Respiratory Care Services in Critical Access and Rural Hospitals","container-title":"Policy Brief.(June 2018). University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center. Retrieved from http://rhrc. umn. edu/wpcontent/files_mf/1530149057UMNpolicybriefAvailabilityofRespiratoryCareServices. pdf","author":[{"family":"Casey","given":"Michelle"},{"family":"Evenson","given":"Alex"},{"family":"Moscovice","given":"Ira"},{"family":"Wu","given":"Zhengtian"}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2018"]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Casey, Evenson, Moscovice, & Wu, 2018). The other benefits and exemptions afforded to the critical care rural hospital include cost-based repayment from Medicare, flexible recruitment and facilities, allowed to avail Flex Program educational capitals.


ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Casey, M., Evenson, A., Moscovice, I., & Wu, Z. (2018). Availability of Respiratory Care Services in Critical Access and Rural Hospitals. Policy Brief.(June 2018). University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center. Retrieved from Http://Rhrc. Umn. Edu/Wpcontent/Files_mf/1530149057UMNpolicybriefAvailabilityofRespiratoryCareServices. Pdf.

Ganda, K., Mitchell, P. J., & Seibel, M. J. (2019). Models of Secondary Fracture Prevention: Systematic Review and Metaanalysis of Outcomes. In Secondary Fracture Prevention (pp. 33–62). Elsevier.

Trauma Center Levels Explained - American Trauma Society. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2019, from https://www.amtrauma.org/page/traumalevels

Trauma Verification FAQs. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2019, from https://www.facs.org/quality-programs/trauma/tqp/center-programs/vrc/faq

Subject: Healthcare and Nursing

Pages: 3 Words: 900

In Examining The Efforts Of Suffragists And Suffragettes To Secure Women’s Rights To Vote, What Objectives As Well As Methods Or Strategies Do You Consider Effective In Their Fight For Political Rights? What Method Or Strategy Would You Propose To S

Student’s Name

Professor’s Name



Suffragists and Suffragettes

Fighting against inclusion in political movements and gaining political rights left some women dead. Creating an environment for women to join political pyramids in the country saw the coming together of women to speak from the same voice. Women employed various tactics to conquer their objectives but some were brutal (Holton, 2003). Holding demonstrations and campaigning against the idea of exclusion, women developed different strategies to employ in their fight to winning political rights.

Most effective methods employed by women in the fight to win political rights included coming together and speak as a single voice. Suffragettes and the suffragists organized groups and movements aiming at communicating their objective towards politics. The clause “Vote for Women” slots a competitive environment within the political environment. Women became united with a common goal. However, it was not easy for women to corporate due to claims of insufficient resources. Despite the claim the middle class and other categories of women joined hand to ensure the progress of the agenda.

Secondly, the groups included women from other classes to support them in the campaigns and vote for them. Rich women among others funded the movement just to see that women gained political rights (Clemens, 1993). Moreover, the idea was supported with the move by the suffragists failing to gather votes via campaigns that they conducted. Therefore, the option left was to mobilize people to come and form groups with a common agenda. From this movement, most of the women became suffragettes. They developed a motto that focused on deeds and not words as thought of during the campaigns. For example Emmeline Pankhurst mobilized and formed a group in Britain. Women’s social and political union was the group formed and the spear header included the daughters. The group had branches spread over Britain and ensured they had to achieve a specific goal.


Clemens, Elisabeth S. "Organizational repertoires and institutional change: Women's groups and the transformation of US politics, 1890-1920." American journal of Sociology 98.4 (1993): 755-798.

Holton, Sandra Stanley. Feminism and Democracy: Women's Suffrage and Reform Politics in Britain, 1900-1918. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Subject: History and Anthropology

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Protected Classes And Employment Laws

Protected Classes and Employment Laws

Equal Pay Act: This act protect any gender base discrimination in pays. This acts states that there will be no discrimination in wages of men or women. “The Equality Act prohibits discrimination on grounds of age, origin, nationality, language, religion, belief, opinion, political activity, trade union, family relationship, health, disability, sexual orientation, or any other person-related reason”( Weatherspoon, 2018). No one should be disadvantaged by these things.

Civil Rights Act of 1964: According to this act all forms of protected classes including race, gender, color, religion or origin will have no segregation. No company is allowed to refuse any person on the bases of these protected classes. In past it was common to reject person on the bases of color or race.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act: according to this act there will be no discrimination on the bases of age. This act covers the individual age from 40-65 years old.

EEOC receives complain and if complaint is eligible means against protected person and EEOC goes for further investigation. This is long procedure and usually take up to 6 months. And during this period or till the investigation completes, employers is not permitted to destroy any record. Formal interviews and data or documents gathered. If EEOC do not take any action in 6 months, then applicant can ask for right -to-sue letter. After getting right-to-sue letter ,applicant need to file formal case against employer in 90 days.

It is a duty of top-class management to keep eye on hiring process. There should be clear cut rules and no discrimination on bases of age, sex, color or religion etc. If any allegation occurs against employment discrimination, then employers need to cooperate fully and better to accept allegation if they are correct. This will help them to save extra cost of lawsuit and penalty.


Weatherspoon, F. D. (2018). Equal employment opportunity and affirmative action: A

sourcebook. Routledge.

Subject: HRM

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Social Media Issues

Social Media Issues

[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]

[Institutional Affiliation(s)]

Author Note

[Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.]

Social Media Issues

Social media is becoming the fastest growing source of digital marketing, which helps you to connect with millions of customers worldwide, where they become aware of your brand, and boost your sales and targets may be achieved. In this world of communication, you are unable to make customers if people don't know about your business. Social media is a platform that increases your visibility among probable customers, allowing you to reach a variety of customers by using a valuable amount of time and effort. But by using social media accounts on different online channels, you can create a free business profile within no time CITATION Pis14 \l 1033 (Piskorski, 2014).

Social media is becoming one of the most important features of digital marketing, which provides unbelievable benefits that help to reach millions of customers worldwide. And if you are not utilizing this gainful source, then you are deprived off incredible marketing opportunity, as it makes easier to spread the expression about your product and mission.

The first impression of your business through social media can be attractive for customer, if it is reliable, well-informed, updated, accessible, and user friendly. Robust business accounts that are frequently updated, with relevant contents, may build your brand’s authority and displays a positive picture of your business in market. Social media marking is the most cost-effective and reasonable advertising strategy.

By using social media platforms, we can create almost all social accounts free of cost. Moreover, a cost-effective strategy for advertising helps to gain big profit on your investment and holds a handsome budget in business and marketing payments. On social media, just by investing small money and time, you can increase your sucess rates significantly and ultimately get a return on your primary investment. Through social media, we can interact easily with customers by getting attention and convey the brand message and feedback CITATION LiC13 \l 1033 (Li & Solis, 2013).

In conclusion, we cannot deny the advantages of starting, establishing brands, and gaining profits in business through social media marketing. Regular updates in the social media marketing strategy will result in increased accessibility, better customer satisfaction, better feedbacks, improved brand devotion, and much more.


BIBLIOGRAPHY Li, C., & Solis, B. (2013). The Seven Success Factors of Social Business Strategy. John Wiley & Sons.

Piskorski, M. J. (2014). A Social Strategy: How We Profit from Social Media. Princeton University Press.

Subject: Business and Management

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Unit 1: Foundations Of American Government Project Part 1

Your Name

Instructor Name

Course Number


The Boston Tea Party and Underlying Causes

It was 1773 when more than 5000 people gathered in Boston's largest building "Old South Meeting House". Samuel Adams, who was one of the Sons of Liberty organized the Boston Tea Party. American colonials felt that they had to pay taxes to cover the expenses of the Indian and French wars by Britain. There is not a single cause for the Boston Tea Party but a chain of causes. The main reason for the Boston Tea Party was tax payment without the representation of the American Colonials. When compared to views of John Locke’s on the rights of people, the Tea Act is against the rights of people while Thomas Hobbes has opposite views on rights of individuals.

Patriotic colonials to avoid taxes, they stopped drinking tea which was imported from England. Instead, they started using tea was imported from Holland by smuggling because of lower prices and sale of tea to colonies via East Company was not allowed. In December 1773, an American Colonist, having no representation and a tax payer was mad at Britain. He dumped the tea at Griffins Wharf which weighted equivalent to weight 3,600 gold bars. This incident was named as the Boston Tea Party.

Americans believed that Britain was charging them taxes unfairly and Americans were no longer able to buy untaxed tea which was smuggled from England. The Tea Act was passed in 1773 for American colonials by the British government to give monopoly to East India Company which was to bankrupt soon. To entertain the demands of colonials, Britain canceled some of the taxes expect the taxes on tea. This resulted in a boycott of tea sale to East India Company and smuggled tea to the Dutch. Smuggling tea to the Dutch resulted in the EIC losing millions of pounds and consequently, face major bankruptcy.

“It is the natural right that every citizen can live their life, they have the right to property and they have right of freedom” John Locke. These rights cannot be taken from individuals until and unless they agree with their government. The tea act was an imposition of taxes without giving people their representation which is their right. John Adams was influenced by the idea of John Locke. He had great respect for the right to private life and he also supported the Boston Tea Party by considering it as necessary and justified ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"VfJeoHy2","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Nehls)","plainCitation":"(Nehls)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":221,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/F0XOCTdk/items/NAR8CIYZ"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/F0XOCTdk/items/NAR8CIYZ"],"itemData":{"id":221,"type":"article-journal","title":"The Destruction of Property and the Radical Nature of the Boston Tea Party","page":"33","source":"Zotero","language":"en","author":[{"family":"Nehls","given":"Holly K"}]}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Nehls 33). Thomas Hobbes believed that for security and protection people dedicate their rights to the government. Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, supported the rule by kings and was not in favor of John Locke’s views on the natural rights of an individual. This thinking defeated the thoughts on democracy and freedom of individuals ADDIN ZOTERO_ITEM CSL_CITATION {"citationID":"0G1EVgCk","properties":{"formattedCitation":"(Volo)","plainCitation":"(Volo)","noteIndex":0},"citationItems":[{"id":225,"uris":["http://zotero.org/users/local/F0XOCTdk/items/D68SMTDR"],"uri":["http://zotero.org/users/local/F0XOCTdk/items/D68SMTDR"],"itemData":{"id":225,"type":"book","title":"The Boston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution: The Foundations of Revolution","publisher":"ABC-CLIO","number-of-pages":"286","source":"Google Books","abstract":"The Boston Tea Party has been a source of inspiration to the millions of Americans who currently identify with today's Tea Party Patriots.This fascinating book offers insights into how this historical event prompted the creation of a democratic republic and discusses the resulting influence on modern political views.The Boston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution presents the chronology of events that led to America's first political insurgency. The author provides an in-depth analysis of the early grassroots movement of the 18th century to the current Tea Party Patriots, separating the facts from the propaganda, and the politics from the policies. The book includes original excerpts from the pre-revolutionary period, along with helpful maps and contemporary illustrations to lend context to the events.","ISBN":"978-0-313-39875-9","note":"Google-Books-ID: 403f4VrQwvYC","shortTitle":"The Boston Tea Party","language":"en","author":[{"family":"Volo","given":"James M."}],"issued":{"date-parts":[["2012",7,19]]}}}],"schema":"https://github.com/citation-style-language/schema/raw/master/csl-citation.json"} (Volo 134).

Tea Act was against individual rights because it was not in support of giving any representation to the people of Americans and Britain was imposing taxes to save East India Company from bankruptcy and it was creating a monopoly of EIC. Social contract theory was in support of the individual's rights and was a reason to act against their governments for not performing their duties. Britain violated the rights of Americans and they were kept as slaves in their own country, but Americans rebelled because of events like the Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party.

Works Cited

ADDIN ZOTERO_BIBL {"uncited":[],"omitted":[],"custom":[]} CSL_BIBLIOGRAPHY Nehls, Holly K. The Destruction of Property and the Radical Nature of the Boston Tea Party. p. 33.

Volo, James M. The Boston Tea Party: The Foundations of Revolution: The Foundations of Revolution. ABC-CLIO, 2012.

Subject: English

Pages: 2 Words: 600

Unit 2: Chivalry Unit Project


Professor name



Chivalry unit project

Chivalry is an act of kindness, which makes a person great, and society a better place. Although in the current world people have become more self-centered but still it is existing. I believe there are people who are performing chivalrous actions more often because they believe in helping others. I myself like to perform chivalrous acts because it leads to the inner satisfaction and peace. In a world full of tensions I think that the best way of attaining real contentment is by engaging in chivalrous acts. These actions have dual benefits because it makes the beneficiary and the benefactor better off. This could also end the problems of the world and promote the themes of kindness and humanity CITATION Jam87 \l 1033 (Gillespie). Chivalrous acts are linked to the great King Arthur who respected women and gave them the place they deserved. I think these could be hundreds of chivalrous actions which people can perform for making this world a better place to live in.

I have always taken the opportunity to engage in chivalrous things in different settings because they bring happiness and joy. When I was 18 years old and studying at a college I met a boy who was drug addict. The guy was undergoing depression and complained about his miserable life. I decided to help him because it was really upsetting for me to see a young guy in this state. After talking to him I realized that he is suffering from depression and needs help. I suggested him to visit the psychologist but he refused. Therefore, I decided to help him by counseling and making him self-sufficient in dealing with his stress. When I talked to him I learned that he was hurt because no one listened to him and he had been neglected in his childhood. The first chivalrous thing I did was ‘To Listen’. Listening is a good trait which a gentleman must possess and it does not mean to stay quite CITATION Ren07 \l 1033 (Moelker and Kümmel). It indicates that a person must be able to generate good response and participate in the discussion when others are talking.

After analyzing the situation I realized that the best thing which I could do was to listen to the boy. I made him speak every day about his feelings, day and his problems. I not only listened but also remained part of our discussions, which after a week made him feel better. He told me that he had reduced his drug consumption and also feel less anxious. By repeating this practice for a month I was able to encourage him to participate in social activities for his improvement. It was again through listening that I made him realize his current state and how it was ruining his future. By listening I learned the art of understanding his reactions CITATION Ste153 \l 1033 (Carlson). Listening is a chivalrous thing for a person who is searching for opportunity to speak and share his emotions.

Once I was returning from a trip and I found a seat next to a girl. During the journey we talked about different things and exchanged our experiences of trip. It was a four hours drive to our hometown and we were extremely tired after completing two hours. The bus stopped and asked the passengers to be back after 15 minutes. I was hungry at that time and asked the girl if she is hungry too? She said yes I am hungry. We went to the nearby restaurants and ordered the food and coffee. The girl was confused but didn’t say anything. I really enjoyed that meal and the coffee. When the waiter brought the bill the girl was nervous and I saw that her wallet was missing. I realized that she had no money. I took the money from my wallet and paid the bill. Instead of making her realize that I know what was going on, I just told her that a guy must always pay. Listening to this she laughed and relaxed. I believe this chivalrous thing allowed me to help the girl at the time when she could have felt bad and embarrassed.

Another chivalrous act which I remember was performed during my visit to the cinema. I was really tired and wanted to go home. When the movie ended a 5-6 years old boy came to me crying and asking for his parents. He was really sad and feared that he might has lost them. I took him by hand and told him not to worry I will take him to his parents they are just in the parking. I managed to comfort the child and looked around for finding his parents. I couldn’t see any couple or parent who was searching a child. I went to the receptionist and told to make an announcement about the lost child. She made an announcement on the speaker. After five minutes a couple came and told us that they were looking for their child. This chivalry thing allowed me to help the child meet his parents.

I believe everyone of us encounter different situations in life where we could perform chivalrous acts. These acts are crucial for promoting kindness and prosperity in the society. Any chivalrous act, which I perform, makes me feel good and leads to immense happiness.

Work Cited

BIBLIOGRAPHY Shatz, Steven F. and Naomi R. Shatz. "Chivalry Is Not Dead: Murder, Gender, and the Death Penalty∗." Benerley Journal (2012).

Carlson, Stephanie L. "Conflicting Perspectives: Chivalry in TwelfthCentury Historiography." Constructing the Past: 6.1 (2015).

Gillespie, James L. "Richard II's knights: chivalry and patronage ." Journal of Medieval History 13.2 (1987).

Moelker, René and Gerhard Kümmel. "Chivalry and Codes of Conduct: Can the Virtue of Chivalry Epitomize Guidelines for Interpersonal Conduct? ." Journal of Military Ethics 6.4 (2007).

Subject: English

Pages: 3 Words: 900

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