31 Ethnography Proposal
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The chief and important goal of this research is to center such technique where recognizable young peoples group are conceptualized, viewed and observed in the modern society when the research which reconnoiters their lives is conducted. This research concludes that it can be accomplished by identifying techniques that socially construct the childhoods, by applying young and children individuals human rights framework, and by appreciating the importance of adult and child relations (Ott, 2019). Socio-historical contextualization allows gratitude of the childs world view that is centered by adults. This paper debates that by observing childhood as the construction of society and highlighting the political, economic, and social contexts in the environment where the child lived it, delivers bases on which operational framework of this study is based.
This paper reflects upon the methodological approach and research design that is embraced in ethnographic research with youngsters. Specifically, this research paper strengthens the importance of conducting innovative methods and qualitative participatory with children and young people, along with the significance of relationship constructing. For this research, qualitative participatory techniques are undertaken in utmost suitable mode to respect, empower and motivate youngsters. Moreover, this paper scrutinizes several important considerations while conducting research on young people (Shildrick, 2006). Qualitative methods triangulation was significant in understanding and reconnoitering lives of youngsters in every locality. Moreover, it is permitted for meaningful and in-depth examinations of particular themes as well. Complementary, additional and corresponding methods that are employed with customary methods was specifically appropriate in understanding the everyday lives of young people because intricate experiences and practices are always not delivered by customary methods alone.
People who are young are regularly regulated, scrutinized, and monitored as they have not reached adulthood. Age of individuals is the basic factor in distribution of participation, rights, and power. Institutional dependence of the children on the grownups and their junior years of life have imposed limitations on their citizenship (Wilson, 2006). In addition, race, sexuality, gender, and structural relation of the class shape specific structures of the childhood and explain that not every childhood is universally practiced in the similar ways and that young age is a heterogeneous category (Shildrick, 2006). Influence of the class and specifically research of ethnography exposed that current sociological relativity of a place and a class is in understanding the experience that is lived (Wilson, 2006).
The preferred methodological tactic here dwells the youngsters at focused point of research like the experts in the worlds of their own. Ethnography is a method preferred by natural choice while conducting research with people that are young and children. Applying methods of ethnographic research extends and shares a tradition that is expressed by other researchers of youth when gratitude of the rights of young people and children is supreme (Threadgold, Coffey, Farrugia, 2019). This devotion to a framework surrounding young peoples and childrens human rights unambiguously recognizes that young people have right to speak out when they think or ponder, and their opinions should be taken into account according to UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In this research, it is confirmed by the employing of qualitative methods that the youngsters were given an open chance to express perceptions, experiences and thoughts that concern with the safety, security and policing throughout the entire fieldwork. The government of the United States of America has implemented several procedural measures and policies to promote and incorporate the human rights of children. This has been supplemented by the growing use of participatory approaches and methods which aid the rights of young people and children to take part in the research actively. However, young people and children have never been viewed as dynamic builders of the social meaning (Threadgold, Coffey, Farrugia, 2019). Over the last 29 years, it has been seen that more advanced improvements in different means in which both youth and childhood of individuals are observed to have influence on the research (OReilly, 2009). The latest sociology of the childhood of individuals identified the discovery of youngsters and children as the agents. Moreover, few of the analysts debated it had placed young people and children in more focus within important characteristics of the social science research (Threadgold, Coffey, Farrugia, 2019). Methods for the research here represented a symptomatic of the more unambiguous approach that is based on the right which has become commonplace in the research of youth (Wilson, 2006). Although, the realistic standpoint of ethnography has been criticized for the lack and nature of the methodological consistency. Most of the criticism circles around the impact of the researcher on data and information by their existence in the platform and interpreting and recording of the observations (Shildrick, 2006). There is a possibility that bias and such implications may occur when the data is interpreted by the researcher (Ott, 2019). Other than that, tactics like triangulation, respondent validation, and reflexivity can be utilized which were the part of this study to evaluate rationality of the collected data and to lower any effect which is corrupting, and part of the researcher might have endorsed. Conceding the significance of the reflexivity where it is must for the researcher to interrogate their own role during the process of the research, it was applied to the entire process of research (OReilly, 2009).
Why it is of utmost necessary for young people to express and participate in the society
Why adults need to understand the place of young people in the society
How much respect is given to the opinions and participation of the youngsters in the society What is their place and how can they be given what they really deserve
Overall, the research is aimed to subsidize the contextualized understanding of conducts of peoples experience of policy and safety localities of their own. Ethnographic research on two coastal lands is to be conducted where people were aided by youth organizations. The age of the participants should be between 10 and 17. The range of methods that will be used to generate qualitative data such as focus groups, group discussions, semi-structured interviews, etc. Unstructured questionnaires will also be used to generate more data. Observational methods are also used to understand peoples perceptions and experiences. Wilson, a scholar, focuses on digging deep into the locality for the purpose of research and observing the people and their interactions with the youth organization. The objective of the research is to understand the modes of engagements of people with their own community members and locals. Observational methods have been employed in various research studies to in different countries, which involve observing the street children. The ability to directly record the participants behavior and the environment without having help by others is also of the great benefit as per the suggestions. Participant observation also proved to be an effective way which resulted in the better understanding and relationship building with younger people.
While conducting the experiential research, choosing of the most appropriate, suitable and right tools for the achievement of the reliable and valid data (precise and right answers to the queries) which is certainly not disturbed by the techniques of collection, it is of utmost significance along with the devotion to the conception of participation that is related with human rights (Wilson, 2006). It is expected that through the 13 months of thorough research, corresponding techniques will be employed on additional naturalistic, opportunistic and resourceful standard. Organizations of youth where most of the data will be gathered, are expected to be distinctive in purpose and nature. Although, such activities that involve the group discussions by using flipcharts will be regularly employed in both of the organizations for the means of achieving the young peoples point of views on the specific matter. Therefore, Methods will be adapted for the events and activities to engage youngsters in. By doing that, additional meaning, understanding and information about youngsters in each research site will be collected. The impulsive strategies of participation like flip charts, drawings and brainstorming, all of will prove to be effective corresponding techniques and methods of data collection. Youngsters are acquainted with working in such ways and that is why I adopted an approach like this for additional method of gathering data. By writing the questions for the young people on the flip charts and asking them to write answers with markers, it is a well-used and famous strategy in both of the youth organizations.
It will be used as the exercise of standalone on some of the evenings, and it will also be included in the groups that will be focused on the discussion sessions. Furthermore, a distinct method that will be implemented is the participatory mapping exercise that is related to the safety and security in the public space. This technique and method can be effectively used by others to explore and understand the perceptions of young people and it successfully uncovered the experiences and perceptions of young people of safety and security and of policing in the public space through various methods of communications. Employing visual methods while conducting this research will emphasize participatory authoritative and permit the study to integrate the education which cannot be accessed orally. This enhances and advances the participation of the youngsters in the research, and meaningful and essential data that it will produce.
In the society we live in, there are many ways in which children and young people are let down and limited to use the right of expressing their opinion by adults. Mostly it is concerned by adults in society that young people and children are not good enough and not old enough to express something as they are less mature. It limits the creativity, participation and lowers the confidence of the young people. When they grow up, this lack of confidence and barriers over their creativity, inventiveness, and participation disturb their personalities as a whole. Therefore, for adults, it is an unethical thing to do by stopping children and young people from expressing and participating. This disturbance further leads and embarks its strong imprints on the entire generation which affects the productivity and advancement in the society.
The ethical purpose of this research is to raise awareness among adults about the consequences that this society will face if the young people are stopped from expressing and participation. This research collects data that enlightens why it is necessary for adults to claim their place in society that they deserve which is higher and front. This study is for those adults who think young people should not be given this much freedom, it enlightens the legal rights of the children and young people and describes how important it is for adults to let young people do what is legalized by the government. It is against the ethical codes and conducts to make anyone feel less and influence it with the pressure that creates the barrier around the personality of individuals. Children and young people should be respected and given importance in society just like adults because they are the future of society. This research reflects that if compromises are made on such issues, then it will lead to some drastic consequences.
Analysis, Writing, and Follow up
By centering the voices of young people and children in this study, it is represented by this study that it can challenge the quantitative concentration of the typical criminology and the study that inclines to be subjugated by intently suggested mainstream schemas (Threadgold, Coffey, Farrugia, 2019). The research discussed here delivered the data which is highly approved of the experiences of young people and hence reaffirms case for the approaches of ethnography. Wilson points out that it should not only strived by the social scientists to gather many examples of the recognized phenomenon but seek for the collection of many types of evidence as well, to elevate the strength of the specific conclusion. Therefore, different methods were employed to elevate the validity and quality of this research, whereas at the same time highlighting the needs of youngsters and childrens participation in the techniques which affect these people. While understanding and identifying the significance of new sociology of childhood that promotes the active and independent voice of the young people, methodological design that are targeted for the enhancement of the involvement of the youngsters in the process of research. Shildrick argued that growing and increasing trend of the nervousness that is surrounding the criminologists who have been engaged in the ethnographic studies. This study has elaborated and discussed some reasons for nervousness and foregrounded and outlined the ethical quandaries that those who are doing this research may experience while getting closer to the children or youngsters. There are possibilities of risks that are involved in the viewpoint of natives, also there are possible threats which may be faced while entering in different communities that are marginalized as an unskilled researcher. Significantly, this research and study recognized the tactics that can be employed for the successful negotiation of the concerns and explained ways in which conduction of ethnographic research is applied in modern environment that is methodological risk averse.
This research paper has confirmed the part that is played by ethnography while reconnoitering lives of the children and youngsters and promotes it by means of methods and tactics that are innovative, ingenious and traditional while conducting the research for children and young people. While doing it all, the methods of the ethnography pointed it out that the analytical regard into lives of children and youngsters in the coastal resorts and delivered education that is original regarding their perceptions and experiences they related to policing, their conceptualization of security and safety (in different settings, the one that is marginalized, debarred and excluded context whereas the other is more successful, effective and affluent using up of space). This research integrated voices of youngsters and centered them into the research, generated data which is capable of challenging the common assumption about children and youngsters usage of public space in several conducts.
Ott, J. (2019). The Social Condition, Modern Identity and Youth. Retrieved from http//www.publicseminar.org/2015/04/the-social-condition-modern-identity-and-youth/
Shildrick (2019). Retrieved from https//studentportalen.uu.se/uusp-filearea-tool/download.actionnodeId577490toolAttachmentId124710
Wilson (2019). Retrieved from http//journals.sfu.ca/cje/index.php/cje-rce/article/download/2900/2192
OReilly, K. (2009) Key Concepts in Ethnography, London Sage
Threadgold, Coffey, Farrugia (2019). Retrieved from https//www.newcastle.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0003/202287/Youth-Symposium-TheoriesAndConceptsInYouthStudies.pdf
Running head Ethnography Proposal
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