What Motivates Us To Work?
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What Motivates Us to Work
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
TOC o 1-3 h z u HYPERLINK l _Toc9961286 Introduction PAGEREF _Toc9961286 h 3
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961287 Discussion and Analysis PAGEREF _Toc9961287 h 3
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961288 Karl Marx and Max Webber Views PAGEREF _Toc9961288 h 3
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961289 Normative Socials PAGEREF _Toc9961289 h 4
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961290 Systemic theory PAGEREF _Toc9961290 h 4
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961291 Pre-modern, Modern and Late modern PAGEREF _Toc9961291 h 5
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961292 Protestant Ethics and Capitalism Spirit PAGEREF _Toc9961292 h 5
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961293 Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc9961293 h 6
HYPERLINK l _Toc9961294 References PAGEREF _Toc9961294 h 7
What Motivates Us to Work
Mostly when it is asked to the people that what is the main thing that motivates them to work, most of their answers would be that salary or pay is a vital determinant of their source of motivation. Although, without any doubt, money is human behaviour significant driver they are not particularly the good motivators. So basically the answer to this question is that work motivation can be defined in terms of the achievement principle, which means that the allocation and distribution of the resources that are in accordance with the norms that define our performances and work ethics. To get into the details of this sort of question, we have to go into the timeline of sociology. But we all know that the norms and values are not that simple as they are variables with respect to time.
Discussion and Analysis
Karl Marx and Max Webber Views
According to Karl Marx, work is basically the main force that acts behind the capitalist work societys development. He believes that the means through which judgment is made on the value of ones work in capitalism is according to the labour price set in the market. Thus it enables the owners to get the productions and profits from the surplus values created by the labour. According to the beliefs of Marx, labour is valued in accordance with the value of its use, which means that payment of the labourer should be set based on the production value of the labourer item. In other words, labourers would do the work not only because they have to work but because they love to do work.
Weber, on the other hand, believes that other forces are there which comes into play such as moral forces at work which can be said to be normative. He said that when we move to make the profit, it is not only for the sake of profit only but it contains with it a sense of morality. Profit is seen as the right reward that one gets for its work devotion. Normative here means that certain values and norms persist that underpin and motivates our behaviour for work. His views about the capitalistic mindset are that it is not only about the systematic process of material acquisition, but it is a mindset of an ethical working environment.
The systemic theory explains the behaviour of the human being as the influences that are developed due to the intersection of the interrelation of multiple systems. This theory recognizes that systems that are involved inherently must be accounted for when an attempt is made to assist and understand an individual. According to it, all systems correspond to the interrelated parts constituting a whole order and influences could be made if each subsystem is affecting the whole other parts.
System theory involves the analyzing of the society that how it adapts to the environment it is living in through the structural adjustment, with vital implications for social order understanding. It is revealed by the system theory that the social evolution complexity and stresses the steering society limited possibility. On the contrary, because of the vast complexity of the societies, it is asserted by the social scientists that this vast complexity appreciates the large adaptive possibility range for the social system. It provides a method that is powerful in the description of the system of homeostatic environments, in which the regulation process occurs in the feedback-controlled mechanism.
Pre-modern, Modern and Late modern
Pre-modern societies were formed by essentially and rudimentary labour division, such as the degree of economic is unparalleled specialized that is intrinsic to capitalist industrialism. The division in the labour is increased by the move accompanied by work roles learning informally via monitoring adult work and gaining practical experience, to getting specialists skills and knowledge. While in the modern societies infers the industrial society and although the modernization process initiated with industrialization. The spatial home and work separation, initiated with the specialist work sites creation following the inanimate energy sources introduction. Workers in modern societies are hired in making a profit its priority and recruitment of workers are based on productiveness potential rather than parentage. According to few schools of thoughts, modernity ends in the 20th-century end and postmodernity replaces it. Postmodernity is the reaction that naturally occurs in consequence of mass broadcasting in mass production conditioned society. It is emission from Fordism.
Protestant Ethics and Capitalism Spirit
The main Webers work phase begins when he writes the pair of essays that were collected under the name of The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism in which he gave the explanation of capitalism spirit initiation with the moralistic approach of work and rationality aspect of life determination.
In these essays, Weber argues that ideas and Puritan ethics are the driving force behind capitalist development. The capitalism spirit does not infer any sense of metaphysical system but rather it illustrates the set of values, the hard work and progress spirit. The religious devotion, on the other hand, mostly stresses on worldly affairs rejection which includes the possession and pursuit of wealth. According to Weber, capitalism is not merely the greed philosophy, but a moral language laden statement. To emphasize on Protestantism work ethics which is related to the Catholics, he observes the common issue that encompasses industrialists when hiring precapitalist laborers Agricultural entrepreneurs would try to encourage harvesting time spent by giving the higher pays, with their expectations that working extra time would be seen by the labourers as more productive for themselves and so they would try to engage it longer. However, in the societies pre-capitalism, this idea would result in less time spending on harvesting. Labourers presume that same amount can be earned by spending less time at work and getting more leisure time. Weber notes that if societies have more Protestants, then those societies have a more advanced capitalist economy. He said that Protestantism had certain branches that back worldly activities for gaining economic advantages, seeing them as engulfed with spiritual and moral significance.
Is it beneficial, at that point, for bosses to guarantee that their representatives make the most of their work and think that it is important Self-ruling inspiration is related with both higher quality and amount of execution, while the arrangement of an impetus by the difference just affects execution amount. Not exclusively is controlled inspiration related to lower execution, however, it likewise connected with lower prosperity, authoritative duty and employment fulfilment, while concentrating on the independent inspiration will result in higher
Coppieters, B. and Sakwa, R. eds., 2003.Contextualizing secession normative studies in comparative perspective. Oxford University Press on Demand.
Ellemers, N., De Gilder, D. and Haslam, S.A., 2004. Motivating individuals and groups at work A social identity perspective on leadership and group performance.Academy of Management review,29(3), pp.459-478.
Hake, B.J., 1999. Lifelong learning in late modernity The challenges to society, organizations, and individuals.Adult education quarterly,49(2), pp.79-90.
Hughes, J.A., Sharrock, W. and Martin, P.J., 2003.Understanding Classical Sociology Marx, Weber, Durkheim. Sage.
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