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The researchers have identified four factors that increase the chances of child abuse at the household. Those factors are (i) Parent Factor, (ii) Child Factor, (iii) Family Factor, and (iv) Environmental Factor. All these factors contribute to child-abuse that leads to violence in adolescents. Parent factor affects a child's psyche more than anything. If the parent or caregiver abuses a child mentally, physically, or sexually, it leads to mental illness. Child's age or psyche also is an important factor. The researchers believe that if a child is not handled before 18, he/she will become unpredictable at a later age. The cause of some children's mental sickness is an unstable or incomplete family structure like divorcee parent or quarreling parents. The environmental factor is also significant in the development of an adolescent's personality. Children of poor parents or those who are racially marginalized by society are more vulnerable to child-abuse or household violence.
The three-pronged ecological approach is helpful to cope with intergenerational violence. Violence is the expression of unstable mental status. Adolescents being more vulnerable to this phenomenon deserve more attention than any other age group. The ecological model observes the mental development of a child. Family closeness or the feeling of belongingness can help adolescents to release their depression with their parents. School closeness means that the teachers observe the student's behavior and provide him/her with the required emotional support to grow as a confident person (Moon, S., Patton, J., & Rao, U. 2010). Some researchers merge School closeness and Peer closeness. Peer closeness can be an interaction with senior students and/or with their peers in society. Substance (food, water, drug) that a child consumes plays an effective role in his/her personality development. Drugs are a very important cause of violence (AbuseWatch.NET. 2019). Adolescents should not be allowed to use drugs at early age, but no one can stop them from using it other than their parents. The parents can also not control or handle their children if they are not successful in having an integrated family.
Moon, S., Patton, J., & Rao, U. (2010). An Ecological Approach to Understanding Youth Violence: The Mediating Role of Substance Use. Journal Of Human Behavior In The Social Environment, 20(7), 839-856. doi:10.1080/10911351003751918
AbuseWatch.NET. (2019). Abusewatch.net. Retrieved 24 November 2019, from https://www.abusewatch.net/res_factors.php
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