Social Movements And Social Change Activity
The "Yellow West movement" took the streets in France against the reform policies of French President Macron. The protest was initially directed only against higher taxes on gasoline and diesel. Several times there were clashes of the "Yellow West" with the police. Hundreds of people were injured. 89,000 police and other law enforcement officers were mobilized across the country. President Macron, as a result, had to come for negotiations with the demonstrators, announcing that he plans to defer the planned tax hikes on gasoline and diesel for one year.
During the protests of the "Yellow West", they came to riots and street battles time and again in recent weeks. The scenes were often the same: demonstrators in yellow vests throwing stones on police and emergency vehicles. The police using water cannons and tear gas. Cars and barricades are burning. Shops are being looted and damaged. The demonstrations spread throughout France. Hundreds of people were injured, including dozens of police officers. Due to the ongoing protests of the "Yellow West," many roads in France were closed and petrol stations paralyzed.
The way yellow vests have used digital tools like Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube channels, to identify mobilization grounds, showed that digital technology had become an indispensable coordination tool. All the more so when it comes to a spontaneous movement that defies intermediate bodies and therefore has no prior organizational culture. The Internet helped this movement in the following aspects:
To quickly gather audiences around vital issues.
To organize flash mobilizations on a thematic basis;
To generate a type of collective action.
This way of organizing oneself online brings to mind the Arab Spring, which developed on Twitter and Facebook, among other things, these two social networks which in 2010-2011 enabled Tunisians and Egyptians to mobilize and share information.
The Internet also proved detrimental to such movements since the use of the internet by the yellow vests to promote their mobilization and to find each other, confirmed their rejection of the traditional media. This distrust leads many to trust more content circulating on social networks, and this simple fact encouraged manipulators of all kinds to spread fake information.
"Yellow Vests Movement." En.Wikipedia.Org, 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_vests_movement.
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