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Stanley Milgram’s classic experiment of obedience focuses on social control and social conformity. Review Milgram’s experiment. If you were King or Queen of your kingdom, what behaviors would you classify as deviant? How would you make your populace obey and conform? Think about it and formulate a response.
Ans. Obedience refers to the submission of or acceptance, and compliance with an order or request of a person. Most of the times this person is present in an authoritative position. Contrary to this, the rejection of the accepted standards and deviation from the established norms is called deviance. If I were a king or queen, deviance for me would have meant not accepting and disobeying my established orders. As a king or queen, I would have listened to the issues, of the people especially those problems that are coming, in the way of people to obey those orders.
What are some ways in which our American culture stratifies people? See how long of a list you can come up with. Why do societies stratify? What do you think are the functions of stratification?
Ans. Stratification refers to the division, or classification of society into different layers, groups, or categories. Societies are stratified on various basis like education, health, and most commonly (Henslin). American culture also stratifies society on the same standards. The most common standard for the stratification is wealth and income. Profession is also one major basis for classification of individuals.
How do we in the United States measure social mobility? How does social class and life chance play out in social mobility? Where do you see yourself 10 years from now regarding your place in society? Why?
Ans. Social mobility refers to movement or shifting of the participants of society especially individuals, families, and households from one social class to another. This social change in the society is measured with relativity to the current status and location of that particular individual in the given society (Henslin). Social class and life chance play a very important, and vital role in the process of social mobility, and life chances provide an important opportunity for social mobility.
Evaluate the positive and negative effects of Affirmative Action in the United States. Target current issues, trends, and demographics.
Ans. Affirmative action refers to an approach which makes sure that a sense of diversity is maintained in overall in the society (Henslin). It especially refers to educational institutes like schools, colleges and universities, and workplaces. The positive aspect of this approach would be that minorities, especially females and people belonging to oppressed minorities will get better chances in the job market and college enrollments. The negative effect of this affirmative action is the majority group can feel discriminated against the minority group.
Henslin, James M., and Adie Nelson. "Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach." (2000).
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