Prewriting for the Explanatory Essay
Cyber bullying is the type of bullying which takes place through electronic and digital devices. Such as; computer, cell phones and tablets, mostly occurs through text messages, calls, social media, or some games where people can interact and view each other. It contains sending negative or harmful messages, posting and sharing of some mean contents against a person on the social media, and false news regarding a person. It also includes leaking out someone’s personal data to the public. The sources of cyber bullying are social media including Facebook, instagram, twitter, and snap chat. Other sources include emails, text messages, and instant messages through social media. Mostly the school going boys and girls are bullied in United States (What is cyber bullying, 2012). Due to the evolution of technology, the scope and boundaries of bullying are also spread. It was once limited to neighborhood and schools, however, it has now moved to online world. Nowadays children and teenagers wish to be in touch with their friends via social media and internet. They are connected with people around the globe through social media, and online gaming. They share photos, videos, and other information with each other. The unique characteristic of this kind of bullying is that the targeted person does not know that who is bullying him or her.
For this having an understanding of this conception, we will study some research articles and some online sources including the articles by Jennifer Holladay “Cyber bullying”.
I am developing the final draft of the essay, I will brainstorm technique, and free writing methods which is important for the selection of prewriting style. In Brain storming technique a lot of relevant and useful information is collected in a short time by writing down all the related terms of a topic which come in a person’s mind. Brainstorming is the process of getting new ideas about the solution of the problem from other people. It is an effective technique for a team work, where a lot of ideas can be generated. It is mostly used by teachers during a lesson (Rodrigues, 1983). On the other side, the second prewriting technique used in this assignment is free writing. In free writing a writer, writes all the information regarding the topic without putting the pen down. Free writing helps the writer, to write as many thoughts as possible without any restrictions of grammar and spelling (Berkenkotter, 1982).
209550550545000Cyber bullying is one of the striking issues in the current world of technology. This approach is common among the young generation. In our society every day, new cases of cyber bullying are recorded. The article written by Jennifer Holladay highlights this emerging trend among youth throughout the world. Moreover, her study revealed the example of real life cases of cybercrimes and its solutions. There are so many cases for the introvert and sensitive children who have become the victim of cyber bullying form different states of the country.
According to the all laws in the United States, Cyber bullying is considered illegal or unlawful. People who are involved in such activities are considered as the criminals under the law. Likewise, Hinduja and Patchin (2010) explored in their study about the youth who became the victims of Cyber bullying. People affected from cyber bullying might have more suicidal ideations than others. At the same time, Holladay mentions in her article that the ratio of youth who becomes the victim of cyber bullying is very high. The consequences of this issue is very harmful especially in the teenagers, they might avoid being socialized with others. The targeted students of school were found with lower grades in their exam.
When the issue got more serious, the government and law enforcement agencies are taking major steps to overcome severe consequences of cyber bullying. Courts and law enforcement agencies have communicated the legal instructions to the schools administration. The awareness broachers and other awareness campaigns to teach the children how to avoid being bullied by others through internet, proved very helpful. It is has been a problem for both male and females, because both the genders are target through internet. As this challenge is new, and parents are not supervising and checking the actions of their children, it is getting worse. There is need of proper intervention to overcome this issue of cyber bullying in the US. So many schools have taken the initiative to overcome the issue. School managements in collaboration with parents are trying to overcome the ratio of cyber bullying cases for saving their students. Mostly students do not disclose their cases with their parents and teachers, so the problem ends up in suicidal ideations. Cyber bullying has also caused certain social and psychological problems for the target people, such as, anxiety, depression, stress, avoid socialization, and adverse effects in study. According to the studies, the targets of online-bullying have low self-esteem and self-confidence. To cope with these challenges some effective approaches are required. Role of parents is to investigate and guide their children when they use internet for online gaming and social media. Parental involvement can reduce this risk up to great extent. Role of schools, is to spread awareness campaigns including media campaigns, awareness sessions, and to teach the safe use of internet and social media.
A causal analysis is done for this essay because Cyber bullying is a severe problem and needs to be discussed in more detail. In this essay, consequences of cyber bullying will be studied searching different articles. Cause and effect relationship can provide better explanation and clear idea about the topic for the readers. This study will provide thorough information regarding the effects of this issue. Moreover, it will suggest the best possible solution of this emerging social issue. The contribution of this idea is to aware people about the causes and effects of cyber bullying.
Berkenkotter, C. (1982). Writing and problem solving. Language connections, writing and reading across the curriculum.
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of suicide research, 14(3), 206-221.
Holladay, J. (2017). Cyberbullying. The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers. 11.
Rodrigues, R. J. (1983). Tools for developing prewriting skills. The English Journal, 72(2), 58-60.
What Is Cyberbullying. (2012). StopBullying.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019, from https://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/index.html
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