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Personality, nature or nurture, has always been an extended debate of the society. Nature is the influence of the genetic factors inherited by the combination of the heritable characters from the parents. Nurture is the influence of external factors such as the experiences that are faced and learned throughout the whole life of an individual CITATION Rob90 \l 1033 (Plomin, 1990). A questionnaire was conducted on three generations from a total of 78 respondents showed that Nurture is bound to be more influencing than nature, there’s an interaction of nature and nurture, emphasizing on nature can be proven very dangerous as compared to the nurture CITATION Lev13 \l 1033 (Levitt, 2013). I think that personality is determined by the mixture of nature (heritable factors and characters) and nurture (experiences that are learned throughout life) CITATION Chr12 \l 1033 (Kandler, 2012) CITATION Sce09 \l 1033 (Torgerson, 2009).
There are complications that can arise in terms of personality due to gender
differences. A meta-analysis on the gender differences in personality showed that males were
found to have higher self-esteem and a higher amount of assertiveness. Females were known
to be higher in trust, anxiety, extraversion and specially nurturance, which showed that females
could be more nurtured than nature CITATION Ala94 \l 1033 (Feingold, 1994). Another study reported that women were
higher in Agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to feelings and warmth, whereas men were
more higher in sharing open ideas and assertiveness CITATION Pau01 \l 1033 (Paul T. Costa Jr., 2001).
Sigmund Freud developed a psychoanalysis theory of personality development which
showed that the formation of personality is done under the conflicts of the three fundamental structures of the human mind. These three fundamental structures are Id, Ego, and Superego (Instincts. Reality and Morality). These three fundamental structures were then conceptualized as the essentials of the human personality CITATION Sig94 \l 1033 (Freud, 1894). This theory is irrelevant in terms of psychoanalysis today. However, the irrelevance can be seen as if most of the peoples affected by his theory were neurotic.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Feingold, A. (1994). Gender Differences in Personality: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 429-456.
Freud, S. (1894). The neuro-psychoses of defence.
Kandler, C. (2012). Nature and nurture in personality development: The case of neuroticism and extraversion. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 290-296.
Levitt, M. (2013). Levitt, Mairi. "Perceptions of nature, nurture, and behaviour" Life Sciences, Society and Policy. Life Sciences, Society and Policy.
Paul T. Costa Jr., A. T. (2001). Gender Differences in Personality Traits Across Cultures: Robust and Surprising Findings. Journal of Personality and Social Psydwlog~ , 322-331.
Plomin, R. (1990). Nature and nurture: An introduction to human behavioral genetics. Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
Torgerson, S. (2009). The nature (and nurture) of personality disorders. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 624-632.
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