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Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence
There are a number of studies which have been conducted by the researchers and analysts regarding assessing the influences of Genetics and Environmental on one’s intelligence or intelligence level. The influence of genetics and the associated factors is high on the intelligence level. The intelligence level can be found highly impacted by the genetics of an individual. It can be quantified that the genetics or genome that are associated with the IQ level of an individual has huge effect on the intelligence (Engelhardt, 2016). But it is also a fact that no one can state with confirmation that what is the amount of impact/influence (exact rate “figure”) of genes on the intelligence or how much intelligence level has been differed by one’s genetics. But! A number of genes are involved, and every gene makes only a small contribution to the intelligence level.
In terms of the relationship between environment and intelligence, intelligence is highly influenced by the environment, one lives in. In the environment, there are several factors such as home environment, learning resources, education, and parenting have influences on the intelligence. For instance, if the intelligence level such as IQ of an individual is same to the IQ level of his or her parents, then it can be signposted that it is due to the genetic factors which are passed down from parents, to the environmental elements, or more likely to the combination of both of them (Yates, 2018).
Hence, it is enough clear that both genetic and environmental factors have a huge role in the determination of intelligence level. In other words, it can be specified that both, Genetic and Environmental Influences the intelligence.
Engelhardt, L. E., Mann, F. D., Briley, D. A., Church, J. A., Harden, K. P., & Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2016). Strong Genetic Overlap between Executive Functions and Intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(9), 1141.
Yates, H. L. (2018). Affective Intelligence in Built Environments (Doctoral Dissertation, Kansas State University).
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