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Lenin and Luxemburg are the renowned scholars and legends of the socialist theory of Carl Marks. Initially both these scholar had good relations; however, it didn't maintain for a long time. The conflict between the two great socialists was based on the issue of spontaneity. The focus of Luxemburg was on the issue of spontaneity, which she considered as the matter of all revolutions. She objected the importance of Lenin approach regarding the bureaucratic system of the government. She believed in the democratic system and wished to empower the deprived society which is being ignored for centuries (Luxemburg, 1904, p.250). She was against the power with bourgeois. She believed that the opportunist class of the society would misuse the power.
While the concepts of Lenin were highly contradicted to Luxemburg. He didn’t believe in democracy, he believed in strong control of the government (Lenin, 1929, p.34). He also accepted to the centralized government system, and they want to educate and aware the people first. He thought that the success of the socialist movement was only possible with the mental development of masses.
My dogma sit better with the concept of Lenin. As he wanted to initially educate and empower people with the knowledge, under the strict control of the government. The revolutions always need a stable government, which could implement a shift in the whole system. The aim of the Lenin was the first to develop the people and then implement the theory of Carl Marx.
The differences in opinion among Lenin and Luxemburg were based on the implementation of Russian Social-Democracy Movement where Lenin was mostly tended toward the bureaucratic, and centralized government system, to educate and guide the masses regarding the socialist theory. While Luxemburg was in favor of a democratic system to avoid the supremacy of a specific class which has exploited the rights of the masses.
Lenin, V. I. "What Is To Be Done?: Burning Questions of Our Movement. 1902. Reprint." (1929).
Luxemburg, Rosa. "Organizational questions of Russian social democracy." Neue Zeit 2 (1904): 84-89.
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