[Name of Instructor]
24 April 2019
Did the French Revolution achieve its goals? Why or why not?
French revolution was a consequent result of social and economic burdens on the masses while
the monarchs and aristocrats enjoyed lavish lifestyles. The ultimate goals of the French revolution,
the people in France wanted to achieve to get rid of the brutalities of the aristocrats and the
monarchy. They were based on Equality, Liberty, and Fraternity. Although the French revolution
was not successful in achieving most of its goals initially however it laid foundations for a
democratically stable France in the long run. The successful achievement of goals of the French
revolution can be recognized through a number of elements during the time.
The French involvement in the American Revolution, the extravagant spending of the monarchs
and the poor conditions of the economy of the country u thoughts, cattle, and inflation caused the
masses who were poor and burned with taxes to rebel against the monarchs and aristocrats who
were exempted from the taxes.
Recognizing the gravity of the situation Charles Alexandar, in 1786 initiated a tax reform
package. Which suggested that there would an equal imposition law tax and responsibility of
payment on classes and the aristocrats would no longer be exempted.
Rise of the underprivileged
Aristocrats refused to accept any such proposals hence the King called in for a joint meeting of
the clergy noble to discuss their list of grievances. The middle class which comprised of 98% of the population wanted equal representation and a voice to represent their interest in the government. Their demands were left unanswered and hence they posed revolt around the country, ending the old order.
French revolution resulted in achieving a milestone regarding human rights, equality, and
democracy. On 4th of August, the National constituent assembly composed of leaders of the public
adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. the document promised a system
based on equality of rights, opportunities, sovereignty, speech and democratic system of
governance rather than monarchy or aristocracy. this highlighted the fundamental gaps between the
government and the clergy, the position of monarchy and the expanse of the French government.
On September 3 the constitution was formally written defining the powers of the members and
establishing constitutional monarchy limited to veto power and appointment of ministers.
While the legislative was more concerned with spreading the ideals of revolution across Europe,
by fighting wars in Austria an Prussia in April 1792. The radicals who wanted republican
democracy, a led by Jacobins attacked the Kings residence and arrested Louis XVI on 10 of
August 1792. The radicals formed the National Convention and replaced the legislative assembly.
They abolished the monarchy and executed King Louis XVI on the charges of treason and crimes
against the state on 21st January 1793.
In June 1793, Jacobins and other radicalized full control of National convention and replaced
moderate beliefs into conservative radicalized ones. The calendar was hanged and Christianity
was abandoned. the people were permitted to follow the religion of their choice and institutions
like marriagae did not require religious authentication but the states.
Reign Of Terror
The National convention moved into a new phase known as the Reign of Terror. in this period
many enemies of the revolution were executed and tried by the Committee of Public Safety under
the the leadership of Robespierre.
Rise of Power
On the 22ndofAugust 1975, the National Convention composed of moderate and revolutionary
optimistic beliefs overtook the National Convention against the reign of terror. They were led by
Girondins, who introduced the first bicameral legislature in France. Under the legislature the
executive power by the directors appointed by the members of the parliament. Although radicals
rejected this and they, however, silence by the military led by Napolean.
The years of the new regime struggle with the economic crisis, inefficiency, and corruption. The
parliament became overreliant on the military to maintain and sustain France. The Directors relied
excessively on the army to maintain their authority power in the country. The National
The convention became hollow and ineffective in implementing the ideas they came with and
hence failed to deliver.
On 9th November 1799, the inefficiency reached the peak and the government was at the verge of
collapse. It was then the military gnarl of the time took in his own hands to govern the country by
initiating coup de etat. This ended the era of the French revolution. Napoleon is known to bring
wealth and prosperity to France through dominance in Europe.
The evidence shows that the French revolution was successful in attaining its goals of equality, l
librty, and fraternity. It significantly hanged the course of oppression and absolute power by
transferring it in the hands of the subjects of the state. The notion of equality was upheld
throughout the revolution. The revolution sought freedom of people from subservience and
dominance. The ideals of the declaration of the rights of man and the of the citizen are to date used
as the constitution of France. Although many may argue that French revolution was a failure as the
course of it kept changing during the years, in the long run, the French revolution is said to have
laid foundations for a democratically sound and serving medium of governance for the world.
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