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Law Enforcement Operations
Law enforcement is a collective term for all professional groups of people who have a duty to keep order through crime prevention and investigation of criminal activities. There are different types and multiple levels of law enforcement bodies like Police, FBI, rangers, etc. These law enforcement bodies include officers, marshals, detectives, and agents. In the United States, law enforcement is divided into three levels. Federal law enforcement investigates the crime and enforces law at the national level. It is supervised by the Department of Homeland Security or the Department of Justice. The state law enforcement is tasked with keep peace in a particular state. Each state has its own law enforcement. But when a crime is committed across two or more states, federal law enforcement investigates that crime. The state police also perform highway patrol duties and statewide investigations. In some states, the state bureau of investigation performs criminal investigations. the third level is Local law enforcement which has the duty to keep order in a particular municipality, county, tribe or region. The local governing body empowers it to perform its duty. The main role is to enforce jurisdiction laws, run patrol, and investigate and prevent crimes at the local level. Deputy sheriffs are appointed to enforce the state laws in the local county. They run local jails, present court summons, and warrants, and also assist outside local police jurisdiction. When the investigations requirement or emergencies outspread the jurisdiction or resources of local law enforcement, the state police assist the local police. There is another category of law enforcement known as Special Jurisdiction Police. They keep law and order in the specified areas in a jurisdiction. These entities include schools, transit facilities, hospitals, parks, and other government assets and buildings. They protect a certain jurisdiction, but they perform similar duties as the local police and the officers are in full service.
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