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Written Paper Exam Submission

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Written Paper Exam Submission

Answer 1

‘Internet of things’ is an abbreviation of IoT. It can be defined as a system of international computing devices, multiple digital machine objects, and people that are provided with the unique identifiers and capability to transmit data over a network without the aid of human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction, respectively (Gubbi 1645). It also refers to the network of physical objects that typically features an IP address, for the purpose of internet connectivity and communication that occurs between internet-enabled systems along with internet-enabled devices.

Answer 2

IoT is considered a revolution in the world of technology. It provids a place where all the devices are smartly connected to aid in communication. Owing to the tremendous increase in the use of technology, people rely more on technology to perform their daily tasks. Similarly, technology has been integrated into the field of business, as well. IoT has provided an opportunity to drive business efficiently by connecting both the inert devices or inert sensors, with the process and prospects to attain valuable data over the internet (Gubbi 1647). It also facilitates in smart manufacturing as IoT technologies enhance the proficiency and efficiency of both the supply chain operations and manufacturing.

Answer 3

In terms of consumers or home users, IPT refers to the number of physical personal devices such as smartphones, tablets, fashion items and various smart home appliances that are connected through the internet. In other words, consumer IoT is a term that can be defined as the product of IoT that is aimed at the consumer market (Gubbi 1649). The only difference between IoT and consumer IoT lies only in the types of applications and technologies that drive their purpose.

Answer 4

One of the main challenges that are faced by the IoT is that the smart devices often record and have the complete access to the confidential data which can be exploited easily.

Due to the lack of embedded security and various secure programming to protect smart devices, IoT is raising a red flag. IoT devices cannot function on an isolated network and therefore require internet connection. As smart devices rely upon firmware and do not receive frequent updates, it raises great cybersecurity concerns.

Despite cybersecurity issues, IoT has several advantages such as, it aids in automation and control, while also efficiently saving time (Gubbi 1649).

Works Cited

Gubbi, Jayavardhana, et al. "Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions." Future generation computer systems 29.7 (2013): 1645-1660.

Subject: IT

Pages: 1 Words: 300

Writter Can Choose

Subject: IT

Pages: 5 Words: 1500

You Can Choose A Title

Internet of Things (IoT)

Your Name (First M. Last)

School or Institution Name (University at Place or Town, State)

Annotated bibliography

Hassan, W. H. (2019). Current research on Internet of Things (IoT) security: A survey. Computer Networks, 148, 283-294.

In this research paper, Hassan is turning the attention of readers towards the significance of IoT security issues. He claims that there are some objectives served by IoT which include preserving privacy, ensuring the security of the user, confidentiality of the data and infrastructure and guarantee the availability of the IoT services of the IoT ecosystem. Another major aspect of this study is that it presents work, advancement, and research being done in the field of IoT from 2016 till 2018. Central contribution of this research is the provision of an overview of the current states and circumstances of the IoT security research, stimulators, modelers and relevant tools, etc.

Zeinab, K. A. M., & Elmustafa, S. A. A. (2017). Internet of Things applications, challenges, and related future technologies. World Scientific News, 2(67), 126-148.

In this study, Zeinab is shedding a light on mounting the importance of IoT and says that it is becoming the center of attention of the researchers. She also claims that it has become an important technology that is facilitating human life as it allows communication between different objects and everything being possessed by people. IoT is famous for sensors being attached to the systems in which wired or wireless structures are present in the real world. One of the most interesting things being mentioned is that using the IoT technology world would become smarter no matter which field one talks about. IoT would be there everywhere and would improve means as smart cities, smart healthcare, smarter houses, and buildings, etc.

Zhou, W., Jia, Y., Peng, A., Zhang, Y., & Liu, P. (2018). The effect of IoT new features on security and privacy: New threats, existing solutions, and challenges yet to be solved. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6(2), 1606-1616.

In this work, Zhou sheds a light on the fact that with growing importance of IoT, its applications also grew in number. There are innumerable fields of social production and social living such as industrial automation, healthcare, and energy, etc. in which Internet of Things (IoT) is taking life beyond the expected level. Author in this work also claims that this fact must not be negated that if things have advantages, there are some threats and challenges as well attached, that must be dealt wisely. Furthermore, this research article spots a light on the variety of solutions, found by experts.


Internet of Things (IoT) has become one of the most popular topics, for the last few years. IoT refers towards things that are connected with internet so that exchange of data between things could take place easily. Machines and devices connected with IoT improve both human lives and way of working as things could be monitored easily. Though, numbers of functions being performed by IoT but at the same time, challenges and privacy threats linked with IoT must be considered. Solutions provided by researchers and experts assist in extracting maximum benefits out of this latest technology that is committed to facilitate human lives.


With the advancement of time, a revolution has been witnessed in technology and one of the best parts of technological advancement is the "Internet of Things". It is interesting to know IoT and its purposes. The Internet of Things or IoT is the extending power of the internet that went beyond the smartphones and computers to the whole range of processes, things, and environment. Internet of things is the latest technology and system of interrelated mechanical, computing devices, objects, animals and digital machines provided with the unique identifier. The ability to transfer information data without a human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction is the central feature of IoT. Kevin Ashton was the first person who mentioned the Internet of things in his presentation in 1999 that he made for Procter and Gamble. It has evolved from the convergence of wireless technology. In a nutshell, the Internet of Things is a conception of connecting devices to the IoT which not only keeps a record of data collected but at the same time helps in the sharing of information.


Internet of Things (IoT) is a term used for representing general concept for the ability of various network devices that not only sense but collect data from the surrounding world. This data is then shared and used through the internet which is then processed and used for various purposes. According to Vandana, IoT consists of smart machines that communicate and interact with other objects, machines, infrastructure and environment. People connect themselves with others by using different ways of communication and among all; the most popular source of communication is internet. So, it won’t be wrong to say that internet is connecting people. Application of IoT could be found everywhere. According to Arafatur and his co-works, the Internet of Things (IoT) is playing the role of the technical tool by turning the physical resources into smart entities by working in the existing frameworks and infrastructures. One of the basic reasons for IoT' popularity is its aim of providing seamless and smart service and approaches to all the users without any disruption or interruption. IoT paradigm focuses on formulating complex and effective information systems by combining the sensor data acquisition, effective data exchange system through networking, artificial intelligence, big data, clouds, and machine learning, etc. (Zeinab et al, 2017). According to Asyhari, another major aspect that must be taken into consideration regarding IoT is the collection of information and maintenance of its confidentiality as an independent entity. One of the main concerns linked with IoT is the provision of privacy and security. Challenges arises in using and advancing the existing technologies and these technologies includes new policies and application, protective protocols, analytical tools for IoT-generated data, etc. All these challenges and security threats review the latest contribution of IoT application frameworks along with the advancement of their supporting technologies. Taking into account importance of IoT, Asyhari claims that propagation of the solutions is of extreme importance. Industrial stakeholders are making untiring efforts for leveraging the opportunities along with minimizing the challenges in terms of usage of this state of art technological development and advancement that keeps the world and individual integrated.

Internet of Things (IoT) is envisioned to grow more due to the rapid proliferation of the advancement of communication technology, availability of the computational systems and devices. According to Hassan, despite several areas in which IoT has been used extensively security risk could be looked upon as main concern in safeguarding networks of the IoT system and hardware. Some of the main existing examples of IoT use includes self-driving vehicles for an automated system, microgrids (that distribute the energy) and Smart City Drones, etc. Hassan and his colleagues were of the view that IoT mechanism aims at protecting privacy and preserving confidentiality of both infrastructure and the users. Hassan mainly discusses IoT security and authentication in his research (Hassan et al, 2019). He believes authentication helps in identifying devices and users in any network and grant access only to authorized individuals.

Critical evaluation of IoT depicts, along with the provision of multiple benefits there are some challenges and threats as well that must be resolved by the experts. Most of the researchers highlight only the positive side of the project and negate the negative aspects connected with it. According to Statista (a website of statistics), devices connected with IoT would increase dramatically from 20.35 billion (recorded in 2017) to 75.44 billion in 2025. It is interesting to note that nowadays there is no single area in which IoT intervention could not be witnessed. IoT has become the hour of the need because of the sluggishness of people and desire of controlling everything remotely. These are the key drivers that made IoT important than ever before. Zhou and his other research fellows believe that with the fitting of sensors everywhere arose more risk. Though security has been provided and every device has its particular id that facilitates the communication but with the mounting popularity of IoT and risk of cyber-attacks is also increasing.

Zhou in his work highlights the increasing cyber-attacks that are improving with technological advancement and are posing serious threats to privacy and security. He also gives an example of remotes adversaries that sometimes compromise the patient's implanted medical devices that not only pose economical loses but also put their lives at risk (Zhou et al, 2018). Zhou not only spots a light of the darker side by mentioning the risks and threats but at the same time, he supports the use of IoT by pointing towards the increasing number of solutions proposed against vulnerabilities, information leakage, and cyber-attacks. The flow of the information between the devices if managed properly, most of the risks could be minimized before causing severe damage to the privacy and security.


Keeping the above-mentioned facts and research work of experts in consideration, it could be said that this reality cannot be denied that IoT is complex technological advancement that poses many threats and challenges particularly in regards of privacy and security. Privacy and security concerns are rising high with time but still this technology is evolving at an exponential rate. In almost all the fields of the world, the utilization of IoT could be witnessed easily. IoT is becoming the need of the hour as it is transforming business, lives, and world by introducing an initiative that was never thought of before. It is important to understand that technologies come with some pros and cons. One of the biggest threats that have been noticed in IoT is security, privacy challenges and risks. Things go side by side and this could be observed best in IoT as challenges and threats are treated with great care and experts in IoT are providing best solutions for dealing with the risks. Development of the new features in IoT reflects upon the new areas of field that are being focused on (Gubbi et al, 2013). So as a whole, it could be concluded that IoT is widely used in all the fields of life as sensors, processors and communication facilitators that help in improving human life as it gets them the control over different systems and devices. Technology advancement such as IoT inculcates a sense in the users that utilization of certain technologies poses challenges but if related threats are dealt sensibly and efficiently, risks could be mitigated by finding the best solutions that would increase positive aspects of utilization of IoT.


Gubbi, J., Buyya, R., Marusic, S., & Palaniswami, M. (2013). Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions. Future generation computer systems, 29(7), 1645-1660.

Hassan, W. H. (2019). Current research on Internet of Things (IoT) security: A survey. Computer Networks, 148, 283-294.

Zeinab, K. A. M., & Elmustafa, S. A. A. (2017). Internet of Things applications, challenges, and related future technologies. World Scientific News, 2(67), 126-148.

Zhou, W., Jia, Y., Peng, A., Zhang, Y., & Liu, P. (2018). The effect of IoT new features on security and privacy: New threats, existing solutions, and challenges yet to be solved. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 6(2), 1606-1616.

Subject: IT

Pages: 6 Words: 1800

Your Team Has Been Asked To Produce A

Business Intelligence System

[Name of the Writer]

[Name of the Institution]

Business Intelligence System

With the integration of technology and more inbred artificial intelligence among the computing solutions, the business intelligence software’s has increased. These software’s are the application software’s that are designed in the manner that they tend to retrieve, analyse and transform the data that can be used later on for the reporting purpose. The way these applications work, they have the ability to read the data from the previous source and make interpretations from this data. The data warehouse and data mart are some of the areas where one gets to see the application of the business intelligence software. Despite this fact, there are not many people have an insight about what are the particulars of these software’s, how they are supposed to work and how the information management and processing is carried out in the case of these tools and applications.

Cloud Hosting

To make sure that the business intelligence software can be created, the solution should be such that must allow all the users to make sure that they have large memory at their disposal. It has to be noted that most of the business intelligence software’s that one gets to see these days are not quite expensive to install, but the technical expertise that comes with are quite hard to gain. The other thing that makes the business intelligence software a tough prospect for the user is the fact that they user has to exercise absolution caution when they are using these software’s.

Decentralization And Mobile Usage Technology

Other important feature of the business intelligence software is that how they tend to use the mobile technology to their advantage, the idea behind the technology is to ensure that the remote team and control interface can be developed that is going to allow business to ensure that they are making the most of the resources that they have at their disposal. The here is to ensure that the decentralization of the data is being done for the advantage of different stakeholders. The other thing that it tends to achieve is that it ensure that the free access to the information is not available to the different people and thus the decentralization is something that needs to be worked upon more in terms of the way information control is needed to be achieved.

Different Dimension Of These Business Applications

Now some understanding is developed about the technological interface of these products, the next thing that is needed to be understood is that what are some of the dimension of such programs. Looking closely, the spreadsheets, the reporting and the querying software’s as well as the online analytical processing tools are some of the thing that are being used to ensure that some sort of insight is there in terms of the material development that is going to be aiding the business decision making a the particular. In the years after 2000, business intelligence software producers became interested in producing universally applicable BI systems which don’t require expensive installation, and could hence be considered by smaller and midmarket businesses which could not afford on premise maintenance. These aspirations emerged in parallel with the cloud hosting trend, which is how most vendors came to develop independent systems with unrestricted access to information.


In the hindsight, it can be said that the business intelligence software’s are hard to implement due to the fact that they are quite hard to implement and at times it is quite hard to ascertain what sort of value that they are adding to the operations and business towards the organization. The business intelligence software’s though are a good tool if the information processing is done in the manner that tends to provide valuable information to the user.


Anandarajan, M., Anandarajan, A., & Srinivasan, C. A. (Eds.). (2016). Business intelligence techniques: a perspective from accounting and finance. Springer Science & Business Media.

Goonatilake, S., & Treleaven, P. C. (1995). Intelligent systems for finance and business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..

Michalewicz, Z., Schmidt, M., Michalewicz, M., & Chiriac, C. (2006). Adaptive business intelligence (pp. 37-46). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Subject: IT

Pages: 2 Words: 600

~~about Computer

About Computer

In the modern era, technological advancement defines the significance of computers in all walks of life. It will not be wrong to say that computers have assumed the instrumental role for humans as that of food and shelter. From entertainment to medical researches, computers are utilized to enhance productivity. Besides, smartphones have acquired the significance of a palmtop computer. The manifestations of computers have taken the businesses to an elevated level of execution. Computers occupy a whole lot of the components of daily life in several forms.

To begin, the widespread applications of computer begin from home. The budgets can be easily managed by the calculation of income and expenses. Specialized software has been introduced to generate optimized reports with efficient suggestions. The other dimension thoroughly occupied by computers is entertainment. From playing games to watching movies and favorite shows, people can cherish their leisure time only because of computers and technology. Information is the most critical element on the internet. Informational and educational websites permit to view and download tutorials or books. It adds to the knowledge base of the user potentially.

Besides, computers have dominated the space of business and management without any shade of doubt. The customers use them to interact with the business providers all around the world. The marketing prospects have revolutionized by digital gadgets and computers. For instance, certain marketing applications are a valuable source of attracting customers and imparting information. The distribution system, selling activities and advertising are managed on the platforms of computers. Moreover, companies acquire substantial about the market trends and thus formulate efficient pricing strategies.

In addition, the paradigm of medical sciences is also an explicit illustration of the outstanding manifestations of computers in daily life. The topmost aspect is the hospital management system and pertinent software. Specialized software is necessary to automate the smooth execution of day to day operations. The detailed record of the patient, payroll admittance, online appointments, and the discharge record are the prominent objectives fostered with the assistance of computers and specialized software.

Furthermore, the first digital then analog and now the hybrid computers have surfaced. The critical usage of computers can be witnessed in the automated systems, diagnosis purposes, robotics, automobiles, flight systems and advanced smartphone technologies. In other words, there does not exist any dimension of daily life where computers cannot be seen contributing to the execution of specific tasks. Computers have eliminated the need to step outside the home to seek admission in universities. Online classes and business defines the contemporary culture among the youth and adults. Business and banking services can be managed while sitting in the room. Editing photos on Adobe Photoshop is a common thing yet offers potential benefits to the experts to expand their business ventures. Online shopping and e-commerce platforms further make the existence of computers paramount.

Computers have become a powerful magical device for human beings. Nevertheless, the heavy reliance on computers is a contentious matter. With the passage of time, smartphones have advanced to replace computers with the compactness and usefulness. None can deny or ignore the significance of computer in daily life as deliberated above. To conclude, computers and digital gadgets have become an essential part of operations. Medical science, teaching, business, advertising, homes, entertainment, banking and pertinent dimensions are largely influenced by technological advancement and the importance of computers. Artificial intelligence is the most trending feature these days. The robotics technology has stepped ahead to operate and execute similar to human beings. Interaction on online platforms has immensely increased the modes of imparting quality education. The bottom line is that the technological advancement supplemented with computers regulates the operations in all diverse fields in the contemporary age.

Subject: IT

Pages: 2 Words: 600

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