America was the only country which came out stronger and prosperous after World War 2. The United States not only came out safe comparatively from the ferocious effects of deadly war but also originated in a strong military and economic shape. In fact, some scholars of history and anthropology believe that American glory and development started way back when 1st World War commenced and the span of 30-40 years of two deadliest of the wars was the era responsible for America’s bright fate in the face of the earth. However, it is arguable whether World Wars were responsible for this change or it was America’s development and advancement in technology and Scientific explorations that lead to the uprise. Other factors which may be discussed as possible reasons are political leadership, America’s quest for resources and the row with Russia in attaining supremacy in technology. In this essay, we will analyze these possibilities critically to reach at a point to decide the main reason for the American rise after World War 2.
In World War 1, when Britain and France invested a humongous amount of money in war and purchase of weapon, it was almost a lottery for the weapon dealers as America was one of the biggest suppliers of weapons. Britain purchased more than half of the weapons and accessories including shell cases, two-third of the grains and nearly all the oil from other countries and America was on the top list of suppliers. This resulted in a trend of shifting of civil corporations and industries into military production centres and brought almost 2 billion dollars to the country’s economy only from weapon-related business. In World War 2, where Germany, Italy and Japan rallied against the United States and Russia and Britain were immersed into their militaristic ideologies, the United States did not enter into the war until Japan bombed an American fleet. The isolation earned the United States more room to work on science and technology mainly because of defence. A majority of war inventions were done by American scientists and war persons.
Along with these benefits, the United States had from world Wars, there are other considerable factors which should be undertaken. In World War 2, when German fell in Moscow, there was no stopping to communism and it started making its ground across its territories. The only hurdle and obstacle wad the United Stated before the blow of communists. Both countries started competing with each other in weapons, technology, long-range war-heads and other tactics and strategies. When Russia was leading in space science, the United States developed internet and advanced in computers. During World War, when men were in the fields, the American military department hired women to work on computers and they developed world 1st programmable computer called ENIAC. It was state of the art device of that time which was capable of tracing out the ballistic trajectories way faster than existing technologies. This supports the idea that the World wars both 1 and 2 brought about many prospectuses of glory for the United States but at the same time, it can be proved with enough facts that the war alone was not the main factor. The United States policies to stay at a safer side in World War 2 while securing their concerns and benefits at the same time was also a big factor. Further as stated above, America’s initiatives in technology and modern sciences at that time also proved to be a cause of advancements. The questions arise that if there was another country, provided with the same circumstances as America, would come as stronger as the United States without doing maximal efforts in missiles technology and computers? The answer is simply that for supremacy and development, nations need to strive and work hard rather than just relying on occasions and circumstances.
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