Ancient Rome’s urban design
Romans build majestic cities that accommodated millions of people. The cities’ designs were superior and highly complex with sophisticated streets and pavements. The streets accommodated many people because it was uniquely designed to ease congestions and facilitate efficient movements of people and carts. Most roman cities were created with two major streets running across it. One street run from east to west and cut across from north to south. The streets met at an intersection which acted as a center of commerce of the city. The streets were paved and smoothened to ensure easy movement. Importantly, Roman cities had schools and libraries to facilitate learning (Nicholas, 10). The roman republic had a significant influence on the nature and designs of the cities. During the reign of Nero, city planning and designs resembled patterns of military camps. Walls were built around the towns to ensure security and reduce the threats of invasion from the barbarians.
The roman cities had political and military influence, the roman city planning and design were done with political safety in mind. The planning and design integrated defenses into street systems and styles. The walls and direction of the streets were laid concurrently to help improve security and prevent attacks. In the early times, the public buildings across the cities were financed and constructed by wealthy families. They received honor and respect by funding the construction of magnificent buildings. For the roman emperors, city designs and styles served the purpose of consolidating power as it ensured trusted nobles control the city center and ensure collection of tax. Importantly, roman cities ensured easy access to basic amenities such as food and clean water. In the 4th century BC, roman cities received adequate water from rivers. In places where rivers did not pass close to the cities, Romans build aqueducts to bring water close to the city.
Nicholas, David. The Growth of the Medieval City: : from Late Antiquity to the Early Fourteenth Century. London: Longman, 2014. Print.
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