Slavery In Colonial America
@g bjbjhh .u80ZEEZjp1Qp04(EEP
SLAVERY IN COLONIAL AMERICA
The American colonial slavery began way back in 1619, this was when a privateer famously known as the white lion brought in 20 black African slaves to the shore of Virginia. This crew had pirated a Portuguese slave ship in Sao Jao Bautista that had these slaves. I this century, the European settlers in North America viewed the African slaves a cheap source of labor and that was more plentiful compared to the indentured servants who were mainly the poor Europeans. This realization, therefore, leads to the increase in the capture of the Africans from their continent by the Europeans and sailed through the Atlantic to North America, then sold to the rich merchants who hard 0huge plantations and other who just needed servants for their homes. It is approximated that in the 17th and the 18th century, a total of about 6-7 million Africans both men women and children had been moved to North America to offer the services in production.
It was not until the 18th century when most captured Africans were so hard to get in the colonies that later became the United States of America. This is because almost all of them were sold to the West Indies, because of the large plantations there and the high deaths in the areas that always require a nonstop flow of slaves to the area. The major location of the African slaves in North America was the Charles town and the Carolina province that was in 1670. This colony was formed by the growers from the British sugar island that had been overpopulated. They brought a huge number of African slaves who were on the island to help them develop new plantations. To meet the labor demands of the time, the colonist decided to implement the use of Indian slavery for some time. Therefore, the Carolinians changed the Indian slave trade in the late 17th and the beginning of the 18th century that is by using the slaves as a trade commodity that could be exported to the West Indies. It is also estimated that the period between the 1670 and 1715 between 24000 and 51000 enslaved Native Americans had been moved from South Carolina and a number of the Africans had been brought to the colonies of the new America during the same period.
In the colonies of North America, slavery was nor the conspicuous thing in the south. Although the slaves had been sold in the British northern colonies that were since 1619, the labor that was provided by the slaves did not represent a noticeable proportion of the labor force in North America till towards the end of the 17th century. This is the period when the number of slaves in northern America significantly grew. It was approximated that the population of the Africans was about 20 of the whole population in all 13 colonies. While several slaves in the Chesapeake worked in small farms, those slaves in South Carolina worked o huge plantations with a huge number of slaves on them. An approximation of only one-third of the slaves in South Carolina stayed in small houses of 50 or more slaves. The irony part of all this was that those slaves who worked on the large farm in south Carolina were allowed to do whatever they wanted after completing their work while those slave in the small farms always worked on the farms all the time with close supervision of what they did from their white masters. Those slaves who were not taken to the plantations and were lucky enough to be taken to the colonies cities such as Boston, Philadelphia and New York. Were allowed to engage in a different kind of work such as being domestic servants, being artisans, dock workers, coachmen, sailors, and laundresses. Some were also hired to help their masters collect some wages. Some were also used as household workers and that showed a high social status. Though all in all despite all these privileges, slaves were always treated as properties or commodities that could be sold and bought anytime.
In that century, there was widespread ownership of the slaves where almost everyone owned a slave. This, therefore, started causing some significant implications with time. In the years between 1760 and 1770, this was during the war with Britain, some Americans started opposing the taxation of the colonies without their consent. They argued that this would start reducing the power of the colonists to that of their slaves. Though because almost everyone within the colonies owned a slave, they all ganged up and started protesting against the taxation which brought in the rebellion against their other country. These colonists felt as if they were being enslaved and hence started protesting against their enslavement. This cause a contradiction where it became difficult to enslave black people and give freedom to white people. Therefore the Americans chose to continue enslaving the blacks and set themselves free to solve the puzzle they had created. Almost immediately after the American Revolution, most Americans both from the north and the south took the revolutionary ideas they had seriously and came to the conclusion that slavery was a bad thing to do to fellow humans. Therefore they decided to free all the slaves and give them their freedom. Some states from the northern side enacted laws that made slavery to be prohibited in their states and set up some policies that would make slavery to be extended with time. Though this was different in the southern states which had made more gains through the help of the slaves. Therefore they were not ready to let the slaves go. Though they passed some laws that would regulate the kind of pressure instilled by the masters to the slaves. At last no state in the southern colonies was ready to pass some law that would help eradicate slavery. With this kind of division with the northern and the southern colonies, they lead to the civil wars with time.
The slaves in the northern American colonies made several contributions to the culture and the economy of American history. To begin with, the slaves worked in plantations in different towns and cities whether they had the skills or not. Secondly they slaves also brought the knowledge on how to grow rice in Carolina and Georgia. They also taught their masters how to cultivate crops and brought in some crops that never grew in these areas such as the watermelon, peas, sorghum, and millet. They helped prepare meals such as gumbo which is an African meal name that is nowadays used as an English word this brings to me to the point that they influenced their culture. They influenced the African music to be brought in the American system and brought in some bits like the jazz to the system. The Africans also helped in the participation of the American Revolution that helped liberate themselves and their fellow Africans who had been enslaved for a long time. After their liberation, most Africans also joined the army that helped fight the Korean War. It was approximated that at that time an approximation of 15 of the population in the army was African.
Students Name PAGE MERGEFORMAT 1
ACtuvxyjhqUmHnHuhqmHnHujhqUhqhqCJaJh(jh(Uhqh(CJOJQJaJhqhqCJOJQJaJhqhqCJaJhqhqCJ4aJ4hq 5ACjuwxz dgdqdgdqagdqdgdqa dgdq,1h/ s666666666vvvvvvvvv6666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666hH66666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666666p626FVfv2(6FVfv6FVfv6FVfv6FVfv6FVfv6FVfv8XV 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ 0@ OJPJQJ_HmH nH sH tH JJNormaldCJ_HaJmH sH tH DA D
Default Paragraph FontRiR
0Table Normal4 l4a(k (
Hd./.q0Header Char q0Footer
Hd./.q0Footer CharPKContent_Types.xmlN0EH-J@ULTB l,3rJBG7OVa(7IRpgLr85vuQ8CX6NJCFB..YTe55 _g -Yl6NPK6_rels/.relsj0Qv/C/(hO Chvxp_P1H0ORBdJE4bq_6LR70O,En7Lib/SePKkytheme/theme/themeManager.xmlM @w7c(EbCA7K
e.,H,lxIsQ ,jGW)E 8PKRtheme/theme/theme1.xmlYF/lMBql4F3 iCCiH/6MwFcd
xuv 0F,FKsO3wvfSVbsyX p5veuw 1z@ l,ib
theme/theme/_rels/themeManager.xml.relsPK xml version1.0 encodingUTF-8 standaloneyes
aclrMap xmlnsahttp//schemas.openxmlformats.org/drawingml/2006/main bg1lt1 tx1dk1 bg2lt2 tx2dk2 accent1accent1 accent2accent2 accent3accent3 accent4accent4 accent5accent5 accent6accent6 hlinkhlink folHlinkfolHlink/ 99999358@0( B S )uwxzuwxzAtuf1Kbq(uw@@UnknownG.x Times New Roman5Symbol3..x Arial7.. CalibriABCambria Math1hzz110ggJHP Pq2xxjeremy omarijeremy omari Oh0 8D
Pdltjeremy omariNormal.dotmjeremy omari1Microsoft Office Word@V@8@h .,0hp
(),./012346789Root Entry FhrAData 1TableWordDocument.SummaryInformation(-DocumentSummaryInformation85CompObjr F Microsoft Word 97-2003 Document MSWordDocWord.Document.89q
Useful LinksFree Essays About Blog
If you have any queries please write to us
Join our mailing list
@ All Rights Reserved 2023 email@example.com