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Common Good An Indigenous Perspective
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Common Good An Indigenous Perspective
What good is faith if it causes pain for another What good is religion if it does no good What good is any belief that leads to hate
Common Good is a term that has dynamic aspects that necessary to be addressed. Simplistically, the common good can be defined as material, institutional, and cultural facilities that are subject to be provided to all the community members in order to fulfil relational duty for the mutual care and interests, members have in common (Hussain, 2018). In this context, all the facilities including clean environment, clean water, public transportation, educational and judiciary institutions, national defence, public safety standards, freedom of expression, cultural institutions and otherfaadesof civil liberation are imperative. However, the living conditions of Australian indigenous populace do not comply with the widely accepted archetype of the common good, neither in political discourse nor from a societal perspective. Not only in Australia but globally, the faction of native people suffers from elevated rates of poor health conditions, malnutrition and landlessness.
According to Amnesty International (2019), in more than ninety countries, there are more than 370 million indigenous people across the planet and none of their community is attaining the real essence of the common good. Evidently, the concept of the social, cultural, and political common good is a broad and universal framework therefore, it is vital to enwrap the native population under a similar canopy of benefits. Contrarily, the indigenous communities of Australia are deprived of essential health, sheltering, educational and adequate food facilities and the worst part is they are unaware of their rights in this regard. In order to comply with the Australian Human Rights Commissions provided definition (2019), native communities of Australia and all other countries should have a right to health, the right to an adequate standard of living, including adequate food, clothing, housing and education.
Government of Australia is encountering the robust challenge of enhancing the health conditions in the continent. According to the statistics, the gap between the health status of local and aboriginal Australians is considered significant, and the implied difference has been pinpointed as a severe human rights matter by the committees of the United Nations. On the other hand, the theoretical framework of social determinants asserts that a myriad of social factors is intertwined with such scale of health equalities. The most prevalent social determinant is the lower standards of health infrastructures in native communities as well as unequal accessibility of indigenous to the basic healthcare facilities. Furthermore, most of the indigenous communities all around the world do not have properly hygienic inhabitants, edibles and the sanitary system as compared to local populace that exacerbates the intensity of the situation at hand. For instance, the natives of Torres Strait Islander depict a wretched and pitiable health status as compared to the entire Australian population.
Experts estimated that a sizeable gap of approximately seventeen years exists between the health and life expectations of indigenous and non-indigenous people of Australia. In due course, the native people are prone to demonstrate an accelerated rate of untimely deaths as compared to others. The lack of equal opportunities increases the perils of associated socioeconomic disadvantages, environmental and behavioural health hazards for the aboriginal communities to a greater extent. Moreover, along with primary healthcare facilities, the indigenous people are deprived of basic hygienic standards as well they have contaminated water to drink, their sewerage system never includes the idea of being in order, and their communal premises are laden with deposits of garbage, that in turn augment their exposures to different diseases and infections.
Despite the rigorousness of the issue, it is evident that no concrete initiatives are taken in the last ten years to mitigate the magnitude of concerned problems. On the other hand, the rate of good health conditions in urban and local people is continuously exploring betterment. Many studies suggest that most of the indigenous communities are confronting the impact of historical and colonial negativity, but of course, it cannot be accepted as an excuse from a common goods standpoint. Internationally, the native people are experiencing numerous health risks repeatedly, and the absence of implication of common good standards is reducing their biological span of life dramatically. Another research found out that non-indigenous people of Australia live nineteen to twenty-one years more than the indigenous people of the same region. The native chaotic situation is not effective in other countries as well. The South and Central American territories portray a higher infant mortality rate among the native populace that in turn underlines their divested state in economic, social, and health mtier and affirm a condemnable scarce of public security (Browne et al., 2016).
Throughout the globe, regardless of perceived propagation of common good standard, the natives are facing unjust and unequal treatment in almost every sphere of life. Unequal distribution of social and necessary facilities has augmented the frequency of health cases such as malnutrition, cardiovascular diseases, infant mortality, maternal deaths, infectious disease, malaria, TB, and HIV/AIDS in indigenous communities. Such governmental negligence and imbalanced proffering of basic health and social facilities is a sheer violation of common good standards and convey a morbid image of all the countries. The observed disparities in the health status of natives are substantial symbols of multifaceted and unrelenting racism that victimized indigenous people by baring them from better living conditions and basic health and social sustenance (United Nations Special Rapporteur, 2019). Browne and associate researchers corroborate that all the countries of the world, including Australia, are persistent to incline toward tactless, unproductive, and impractical partaking to elevate the living standards of aboriginals. Consequently, the stigma of being stereotyped and misunderstanding strongly adheres to the population of indigenous.
Nursing is a profession that features an invincible position in the entire structure of the healthcare system therefore, the nursing faction has integral potential to play its part in establishing equity-orientation in healthcare services for indigenous people. In this regard, it is indispensable to encapsulate all the dimension of primary healthcare areas to implement inequity-responsive care. The nursing system can promote the efficacy of partnership with the indigenous population on all level of the healthcare program. Different strategies can be evaluated and implemented to eradicate the notion of perceived inequality from the healthcare system for indigenous people that may include
A pure commitment to serve all the patients with transparent equality.
Comprehend and eliminate the factors that create and support the diversity-based differentiation and infuse power to cut them back.
Indigenous people can get maximum benefits from the implementation of tailored-based health and care programs.
A determined, intentional, productive and active engagement of communities leadership and patients is inevitable.
Tailored care programs are also pragmatic in elaborating the social determinant of equality-based health.
The healthcare and nursing professional need to discourage and deject all the nations interconnected with discrimination and racism.
The healthcare organizations require developing an organizational structure that practices policies and processes to support the equity-oriented services for native people.
A system of healthcare hierarchy should be established to supervise the conducts and practices of subordinates to assure the fruitful implementation of stratagem on all levels.
The tactics should be subjected to be evaluated, monitored, and revised to enhance the overall efficacy of the healthcare system.
The standards provided by common good scripture are mandatory to be followed.
Browne, A., Varcoe, C., Lavoie, J., Smye, V., Wong, S., Krause, M. et al. (2016). Enhancing health care equity with Indigenous populations evidence-based strategies from an ethnographic study. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1). doi 10.1186/s12913-016-1707-9
Hussain, W. (2019). The Common Good (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy/Spring 2018 Edition). HYPERLINK https//plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2018/entries/common-good/ https//plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2018/entries/common-good/
Learn more about indigenous peoples rights. (2019). HYPERLINK https//www.amnesty.org/en/what- we-do/indigenous-peoples/ https//www.amnesty.org/en/what- we-do/indigenous-peoples/
OHCHR Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples. (2019). https//www.ohchr.org/en/issues/ipeoples/srindigenouspeoples/pages/sripeoplesindex.aspx
Social determinants and the health of Indigenous peoples in Australia a human rights based approach Australian Human Rights Commission. (2019). HYPERLINK https//www.humanrights.gov.au/about/news/speeches/social-determinants-and- health-indigenous-peoples-australia-human-rights-based @_q
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