The article aims at exploring the impact of Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory in healthcare. The purpose is to examine does it improve the quality of care in healthcare institutes. It is important for the nurses to learn the role on this therapy for addressing the concerns of the patients belong to different cultures. This theory is emphasizing on practice and implementation for enhancing the quality of care and promoting welfare (McEwen & Wills, 2019). The practical role of this theory is determined by using a case study. It is assumed that by integrating cultural care diversity healthcare outcomes can be improved in critical care. The author has developed appropriate research question that highlights cultural diversity used as alternative treatment option for patients undergoing health problems.
The article follows an appropriate academic format that includes separate sections for adding clarity. The abstract gives a brief overview of the topic, purpose and aims of Cultural Care Diversity and Universality Theory. Introductions provide detailed discussion on the theory and its implications in the healthcare settings. In the theoretical framework the development of the theory is discussed and also links it to the nursing practice. Nurses must be culturally competency because they encounter different patients who belong to various ethnicities, backgrounds and cultures. This is an effective way of addressing their needs, leading to a more effective model of care (Albougami, Pounds, & Alotaib, 2016). The article has managed to explain link the theory with practice application in the field of healthcare. Proper use of academic structure has added more clarity for the readers.
Inclusion of adequate scholarly articles have provided support for providing the relationship between cultural diversity and enhanced nursing care. Literature proves that cultural competency is important skill for nurses because it improve their competency of addressing the need of patients (McFarland & Wehbe-Alamah, 2015). The findings depicts that the theory is application to the healthcare settings and important indicator for handling patient’s illness, wellbeing and healing. It leads to the conclusion that integration of cultural care diversity enhances the delivery of care (Albougami, Pounds, & Alotaib, 2016). The author has managed to develop a concise conclusion, providing summary of the topic.
I think the article has some weaknesses such as in the section of synthesis results are discussed on the basis of previous studies only. Inadequate empirical data is used for supporting the claims of positive implications of cultural care diversity model. In personal experience the author has only focused on few aspects of healthcare. I think a better approach was to explain the practical application of this model with patients of different age groups and cultures. By adding experience with a Chicano patient and African-American patient the role of this model could be evaluated. This could be a useful way of understanding the practical role in dealing with patients of different ethnicities and cultures. The conclusion could be improved by building relevance of the personal experience with theory.
Albougami, A. S., Pounds, K. G., & Alotaib, J. S., (2016). Comparison of four cultural competence models in transcultural nursing: A discussion paper, 2(4).
McEwen, M. & Wills, E. M. (2019). Theoretical basis for nursing (5 th ed.). Philadelphia, PA:
McFarland, M. R. (2018). The theory of culture care diversity and universality. In M. R.
McFarland & H. B. Wehbe-Alamah (Eds.), Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories, research, and practice (pp.39–56). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
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