RCA Evaluation Table
Barnett, A., Smith B., Lord, S. R., Williams, M., & Baumand, A. (2003)
Study meant to identify the relationship between exercise and falls among the older people in the society.
It meant to identify whether supervised exercise among the older people could be the best way to reduce the risk of falling among the older people.
The study was completed using qualitative method, where individuals were observed
The samples were 163 people who live in South West Sydney.
Subjects were randomized into exercise intervention group.
-Independent variables: Exercise among older people
Risk of falling down.
-The study focuses on two variables the relationship between falling and intensive exercise.
-It also test whether exercise can improve balance
The fall of participants were measured periodically12 times using survey, which was done periodically.
The physical and general health of participants was also measured.
The data were statistically analysis. The descriptive statistic was used to arrive at appropriate result.
The finding indicates that participants in a weekly exercise has a high possibility of improving balancing and also reduce the rate at which older people fall.
It is also discovered that the more an older person exercise the stronger he or she become and gain balance as well.
It is worth practice since it has great impact to the people.
Oh, D. H., Park, J. E., Lee, E. S., Oh, S. W., Cho, S. I., Jang, S. N., & Baik, H. W. (2012).
It analyzes whether exercise programs are helpful in reducing the fear of falls among the elderly patients who had experience fall previously.
Qualitative research method where a group of people were randomly selected and used to complete then study.
65 randomly selected elderly people residing suburb region.
The two variables were tested independent and dependent variable
Exercise program and decrease in fear of fall in the future for those who have fallen previously.
It measures the rate of falling based on whether a participant is afraid of falling or not.
Reduce fear of falling among the adults under exercise program.
The data were statistically analyze and the descriptive statistic were used
Continual exercise reduces the fear of falling.
Exercise also improve balance hence risk the risk of falling among the elderly.
Release flexibility and muscle strength, which is associated with the quality of life.
It worth practice due to positive impact registered.
Taylor, D., Hale, L., Schluter, P., Waters, D. L., Binns, E. E., McCracken, H., Wolf, S. L. (2012).
It determines whether mobility balance and lower limb strength improves during exercise.
Qualitative research method was used to complete the study.
Eleven sits across Zealand.
Participants were Six hundred eighty-four community-residing older adults.
Major variables are strength, mobility, falls and mobility among the elderly people.
The number of falls obtained according to falls calendar.
The balance of participants and strength were also measured.
It is discovered that the number of falls in all groups are the same. The strength also increases the same across all groups. It means that the strength and mobility balance does not depend on exercise.
It cannot be used to reduce the number of falls among the elderly people in the society.
Barnett, A., Smith B., Lord, S. R., Williams, M., & Baumand, A. (2003). Community-based group exercise improves balance and reduces
Falls in at-risk older people: A randomized controlled trial. Age Ageing, 32(4), 407–414.
Oh, D. H., Park, J. E., Lee, E. S., Oh, S. W., Cho, S. I., Jang, S. N., & Baik, H. W. (2012). Intensive exercise reduces the fear of additional
Falls in elderly people: Findings from the Korea falls prevention study. Korean Journal of Internal Medicine, 27(4), 417–425
Taylor, D., Hale, L., Schluter, P., Waters, D. L., Binns, E. E., McCracken, H., . . . Wolf, S. L. (2012). Effectiveness of tai chi as a
Community-based falls prevention intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60(5), 841–848.
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