13th August 2019
This paper is a critical analysis of the article “Why Technology Favors Tyranny” by Yuval Noah Harari. The article explains the link between growing technology and tyranny. The concern of a writer is to shed light on the technology that was once in the favor of democracy and is now changing. Common person feels that he is useless, as the technology takes over his skilled job. The article gives a number of examples of revolutions and political support of the people who fear that they are losing their economic worth. Growth of technology which is in the favor of tyranny will eventually give birth to a new useless class. This paper explains issues, conclusion, reasoning, evidence, context, and ambiguous language of the article by picking up author’s point. The reasoning of the article will be linked to a few more sources in this paper. This paper will also point out where the writer has failed to use issues, conclusion, reasoning, evidence, context, and ambiguous language skills.
The author mentioned that a new useless class may appear in the new future due to growing artificial intelligence. How Artificial Technology is growing is supported by the example of a chess game, there was a time when a human was able to beat artificial intelligence at a chess game. At its initial stage, artificial intelligence is dependent on human to learn skills and strategies. Today there is a bot been developed who is designed to play a complex videogame (other than chess) with its self while learning and adopting from its every move. After repeatedly playing games and with the presence of its adopting and learning techniques, bots have been so advanced in the game developed by humans that it is impossible for any human to beat them CITATION RJS19 \l 1033 (RJ Smith). Using an example of artificial intelligence which is able to play a chess game, reflects the use of evidence with good reason to support the author’s statement. This example also reflects the use of language will be understandable and justify the article.
In the second period of the 21st period, liberalism has started to lose reliability. Queries almost the skill of liberal egalitarianism to give for the middle class have developed gaudier; the government has developed more group; and in ever more states, leaders are viewing a proclivity for autocracy and demagoguery. The reasons for this radical shift are multifaceted, however, they seem to be entwined by present technological progress. The technology that preferred democracy is varying, and as artificial intelligence progresses, it may change advance.
The author considers that we are facing a technological revolution that will radically transform the economy, labor relations, social relations, etc. It is obvious that it can also transform government in a fundamental way. This influence on government can be a more profound, more cooperative and purposeful democracy that leverages technology by structures of direct involvement that can detention cooperative intelligence. By a much more see-through political power, with greater answerability and more topic to an expert inspection of citizenship, etc. Solving these great global challenges can be a very effective way to achieve greater development and legitimacy of democratic systems. Social welfare and democracy are binomial that usually generates mutually beneficial feedback. but in the longer term CITATION Har18 \l 1033 (Harai).
Another example which is used in this article is the role in artificial intelligence in driving an automobile. This is an area which will greatly affect a common a person in the near future and will add to their irrelevance. In this example, the author does not use good reasoning and supporting evidence to increase the weight of his argument. To further explain how the use of better reasoning could have helped the author in explaining the impact of self-driving cars on a common person, few reasoning techniques will be addressed in this paper. With an introduction of Tesla’s self-driving cars and even a self-driving truck which is more economical as compared to a conventional automobile, common person’s jobs and its relevance is in danger. Truckers which are known as the kings of the roads will eventually lose their job, as there is a chance in the near future that there will be fully autonomous trucks on the roads. The community of truckers is not tiny, as they are responsible for delivering goods across the globe. This huge population losing their jobs with the development of artificial intelligence will affect the economic growth of a skilled person CITATION Lev18 \l 1033 (Levy). Pilots, cab drivers, ship Captains are also the potential victim of technological growth and artificial inelegance. A self-driving automobile is a big area where the author could have used evidence with proper reason to support the argument of his article Why Technology Favors Tyranny.
Another example of technological growth and development of artificial intelligence which is focused by Arthur is the medical sciences. The author states that with the rapid increase in technologies and discovering new cures for the diseases, jobs of conventional doctors are in danger. It easy to teach the use of a new technique to an artificial intelligence doctor as compared to vast numbers of doctors throughout the world. Although humans are doing a better job as compared to robots in medical sciences, it doesn’t mean that it is impossible for a robot to outsmart a human. To support the argument, an example of manufacturing industries can be used. This is another area which I think Arthur fails to use evidence to support his arguments. In a good argumentative article, a statement about the future should always be supported by relevant evidence. The manufacturing industry is a good example of technology affecting the jobs of a common person. China which is considered as a Silicon Valley of the hardware is introducing robotic arms in their manufacturing plants to reduce the cost of the product. This transition is affecting a common person as they are losing their jobs with the increase of technology.
The technological revolution, centered around information technologies, is altering the substantial foundation of culture at an accelerated rate. Economies about the world have become symbiotic on a global scale, presenting a new method of correlation among economy, national and society in a structure of mutable geometry. The collapse of Soviet states and the succeeding disappearance of the worldwide collectivist movement have now destabilized the historical experiment to capitalism, liberated from the political left (and Marxist theory) from the deadly attraction of Marxism-Leninism, put an end to the cold war.
This article reflects that the current technological transformations are intertwined with another historical change: the economic globalization that unifies, at an accelerated rate, the markets of the planet. Both processes reinforce each other. Trade liberalization, along with other significant policy transformations around the world, such as privatization and the fall of communism in the former Soviet Union, served as a driving force for the integration of world markets that took place at the end of the 20th century. The new tools offered by information and communications technology strengthened and accelerated the process. Overall, Arthur has used good reasoning skills and with proper good use of evidence and ambiguous language to explain how Why technology is favoring the tyranny. With the emergence of technologies, more people are losing their jobs and eventually losing their economic worth. The article has many examples to support the Author’s argument. In some area’s an Author could have used good evidence to support his point but fails to do so. This reflects that the language of the article is leaning more towards theoretical explanation as compared to the technical and logical reasoning of the argument.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Harai, Yuvral Noah. "Why Technology Favors Tyranny." The Atlantic (2018). <https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2018/10/yuval-noah-harari-technology-tyranny/568330/>.
Levy, F. "Computers and populism: artificial intelligence, jobs, and politics in the near term." Oxford Review of Economic Policy (2018). <https://academic.oup.com/oxrep/article-abstract/34/3/393/5047375>.
RJ Smith, MI Heywood. "Evolving dota 2 shadow fiend bots using genetic programming with external memory." Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary (2019). <https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3321866>.
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