Killing an animal and claiming its skin, head, or any other body part as a trophy with pride is called Trophy Hunting. Wealthy people have hobbies proportional to their bank balance. Trophy Hunting is an expansive hobby that rich folks enjoy. Big, unique, or rare animals are selected as the targets i.e. elephant, deer, puma, lion, rhino, or leopard etcetera. Hunting an animal is not a recent rather millennium's old human practice as Homo sapiens were known as hunter residents of the earth until they took interest in agriculture, but killing an animal for pride in the business of civilized man. Animal heads and skins were found in the palaces of aristocrats and royals during the age of feudalism and monarchies. That age also ended but this practice sustained as a hobby of wealthy adventurers. The popular view on this practice is not uniform rather there are at least two opposing arguments that dominate our new world; one does support this practice and the other one rejects it. Two research articles have interesting commentary on this topic: (i) Big Game Hunting: Should Big Game Hunting Be Legal? (ii) Protecting Animals by Reed Karaim. The former article is solely on the topic Trophy Hunting, and the latter one is a research on a general topic that discusses Trophy Hunting during argumentation. Both authors have given neutral analysis about the phenomenon without taking the side of any argument.
Both the mentioned articles are a research study on the topic Trophy Hunting whereas the article by Karaim is comparatively more comprehensive research as it includes the details of laws that developed chronologically regarding human treatment with animals although it is general to all animals whether they are hunted or caged/petted unlike the other article that is specific to the topic Trophy Hunting. Karaim gives a historical analysis of how human interaction with animals was perceived earlier and how our approach to deal with animals developed with time. The article Big Game Hunting: Should Big Game Hunting Be Legal gives an introduction to this practice and background to how the debate of right/wrong started on this issue. The articles have many similarities and dissimilarities that are following.
Reed Karaim gives attention to a New York City protest that broke out in September 2017 to initiate his argument. He uses the persuasion technique of Appeal to Authority to convince his readers that the topic he is talking about is of high scope among scholars. He mentions an Australian philosopher Peter Singer whom he credits with initiating the movement Animal Liberation. He quotes Kathy Guillermo the senior vice president for PETA who insists upon adopting as many animals as one can. Karaim enriches his research with facts and figures plus pictorial diagrams. He uses another technique of Appeal to Emotion giving details about the animals vanished at the hand of the human being. He explains the impact whether positive or negative on African countries where Trophy Hunting is allowed and mentions Abidjan authorities who took action against tusk smuggling. The smugglers presented the excuse that they hunted the animals with proper permits. He concludes the article by mentioning some American laws that protect all the animals.
The article Big Game Hunting: Should Big Game Hunting Be Legal? was updated on Fredrick Community College website on 23 May 2019. This article starts like Karaim's article using the persuasion technique of Appeal to Authority as two opposing arguments have been provided at the start. It uses, as Karaim uses, a protest to develop his thesis showing that the topic is of high importance and scope. This protest was a reaction to the murder of a famous lion Cecil in Africa at the hands of Walter Palmer, an American dentist (Bale, Rachael. N.P). This protest became the cause of the modern movement for the rights of hunting animals. Use of an introduction and background to the phenomenon is similar to Reed Karaim. Facts and figures are also provided in both articles.
A major and apparent difference in both articles is that one article discusses general human relationships with all animals historically and presently whereas the other is typically about our topic. Reed Karaim argues that Trophy Hunting is an offshoot of the movement started for the rights of all animals. On the contrary, Big Game Hunting: Should Big Game Hunting Be Legal? is completely about Trophy Hunting. The Aristotelian appealing technique of Logos has been implied in this article to develop the argument. By quoting the claims of two opposing schools of thought the author(s) indicates that the debate on Trophy Hunting is still active and no conclusion has been reached yet. This argument leads to the whole discussion. According to this article, there are two schools of thought on the subject; one supports Trophy Hunting while the other demands its ban. The supporters claim that this is a good sport as it helps the countries to earn revenue (Whitman, Karyl. 175-178). Moreover, the communities around the animals show tolerance towards these animals because they consider them as a source of income. They say that we should channelize this sport throughout the world and underdeveloped countries must be encouraged to use undeveloped lands for the growth of wild animals. They say that this is a way for the governments to reach the pockets of rich people. Apart from that, the beauty of this sport has a distinct attraction. They call it a rational approach to allow Trophy Hunting because it is a win-win situation for hunters as well as the countries where the sport exists. The opposite claim also has its logic. They consider it a very inhumane act and unsuitable rather immoral for a civilized person to kill animals for pleasure-seeking. They say that animals have feelings and even a sense of belongingness. When we kill an animal, we hurt not only the prey but its relatives also. Moreover, they argue that slavery is also rational as it is helpful for the business holders who can use the people for their business and the slaves also get food, security, and other basic needs. Thus, slavery should also be legalized as we demand Trophy Hunting. But we, they say, cannot allow it because we consider it an immoral act. The article concludes that this argumentation has exceptions on both sides that is why no resolution to this debate has occurred yet.
Animal Rights is a general article about the human relationship with animals of every kind. It discusses human interaction with animals and how the human being changed ways to deal with animals. Killing an animal for any purpose was not a crime rather an appreciable act some centuries ago, but the modern world has started condemning the act as immoral and unethical. The second article is uploaded on the Website of Fredrick Community College with the title Big Game Hunting: Should Big Game Hunting Be Legal? and it discusses Trophy Hunting isolate. Many techniques of persuasion like Appeal to Authority technique, Appeal to Reason Technique and many others have been implied to convince the reader about the gravity of the topic.
Whitman, Karyl et al. "Sustainable Trophy Hunting Of African Lions." Nature 428.6979 (2004): 175-178. Web. 7 Nov. 2019.
Bale, Rachael. "Exclusive: Hard Numbers Reveal Scale of America's Trophy-Hunting Habit." National Geographic, February 6, 2016, www.nationalgeographic.com.
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