Are Governments responsible to the Parliaments or to the parties
Government is an organisation, an agency or machinery that unites the political frameworks to let them exercise their authority, administer public policy and control the actions of the members or subjects. Government can simply be defined as a body, responsible for making laws, conducting relation with other countries and most importantly control the economies. All these are termed as the objective roles of the government there are certain subjective responsibilities of the government, referred to as the stance of accountability. The major section of the political affairs deals with the analysis of the dilemma that either a government is answerable to the parliaments or the parties. Parliament is the law-making body of a government that holds the government accountable for the analysis of the actions, policies and the spending. Parliament comprises of the Sovereign and the House of Representatives. Some of the parliaments have significant leadership roles working within their parties in addition to the duties assigned being a member of the parliament. At an initial glance, the political representation of countries such as Australia seems simple and straightforward. (Mockler, et, al. 2018. pp.262-278). It would not be wrong to say that complexities are actually related to the actions rather than the institutions. The stance of practising and the act of presenting paves the way for the analysis of the institutions of political presentation, paving the way for accountability. However, an exegetical analysis of the government section is a passage towards understanding the government is meant for the public, and public interests are addressed by parliament. Adherence to the analysis of the political scenario reveals that government is more responsible to the parliament rather than to the parties.
Government is defined as the centre of any political attire, taking into account the fact that the roles and responsibilities are divided in the form of patches. (Henninger, et, al. 2018). A lot of literature has been accounted for the idea of representative democracy taking into account how an idea is institutionalised and practised, along with the subordination of the roles. It is the role of the citizens and the engagement in the political affairs with the representative democracy that invites investigation. Edmund Burke and Professor Hanna Pitkin are the two theorists that addressed the justification of the political affairs in terms of roles and responsibilities. (Gale, et, al. 2018, pp. 223-240). According to Burke, Parliament is not an accumulation of parliaments from hostile interests, the core interests that are meant for everyone. (Bannister,et,al. 2018). Parliament is a deliberative assembly of a single nation with a common interest without local prejudices. Further addressing the division of duties and responsibilities is the issue of national interest and the political parties along with the challenges of the representation of the diverse consistency. Many of the theorist favour local interest on the basis of the fact that the representation of the political framework should be elected locally and argue the average of the local interest equal to the national interest. (Ireland, et, al. 2019, pp. 769-782).
As Pitkin addressed that the major section of politics refers to the positions that are at extremes and the act of representation in an elaborate network of demands, obligations and pressures, the concept of good representation justifies the subject attention of governments interest. Normally, good representation is conceived as the delegates who reflect the constituent interest or as a paradox quoted with multiple and competing desires. The democratic representation is characterised by the free and fair elections with citizens having the authority to address the good and inadequate representation. (Henninger, et, al. 2018). Michael Sward identified the relationship between the constituents and representatives, affirming that representation is a two-way street where representatives chose their constituents in order to rate them in a contestable way. In a broader sense, the committees acknowledge the complexity of the modern government in terms of accountability refers to the fact that there is a continuum of accountability relationships at both horizontal and vertical angles addressing the public service, the parliament and the Australian citizens. (Ganghof, et, al. 2018 pp.261-281). There are certain fundamental tenets and practices of accountability that are well rooted in the public administration although the notion of accountability is increasingly stretched. Responsibility in terms of public service is described as the framework of obligations that arise from the relationships of accountabilities that pertain between the parliament, public service and the ministers.
Correspondingly, the government ministers have the constitutional doctrine of collective and individual responsibilities in the framework of the doctrine of responsible government. If an exegetical analysis is brought into insight, it can be stressed that the government follows a lineage where one department is an extension to other department addressing the terms of duties and responsibilities. (Bateman, et, al, 2019). It would not be wrong to say that parliament has four primary functions, the formation of the government, legislation, representation and scrutiny. If the framework of stability is confined to the parliament then how can the claim of the responsibility of the government to the parties be inferred A generalised view asserts that parties are just to enforce certain entity, but the organisation of the party can be traced in the same depths of the social baseline where each individual is seeking a good and balanced life. (Hoque, et, al. 2018, p.175).The accountability of the government refers to the accountability in terms of objectives, goals and the future plans that are directly interlinked with the public. Responsibility to parties is more like heed to a subject that cannot fulfil the political obligations in a state, addressing the scenario where parliament is the code of conduct. (Williams, et, al. 2019, pp. 80-109).
Another aspect of the analysis of the political framework refers to the fact that if a government is all and all associated to the responsibility in terms of the parties, the personal objectives will be fulfilled, but the public interests will remain unfulfilled. The reflection of the universal account infers that the two houses of the Parliament are a code of conduct towards the public interest on the other hand the interference of the parties is only confined to the representation, taking into account that there is a similarity between the mutual goals that brings a party on the stage of representation. (Ganghof, et, al. 2018 pp.261-281). The mode of justification that governments are responsible to the parliament can be found in the history of certain legislative acts such as Public Service Act and the section 51 of the Australian Constitution, referring to the power of the parliament to make laws in accordance with the national matters. Such laws are administered by the federal government. Section 109 of the constitution also reflects that the federal laws overtired and overwhelm the state laws. Such inferences infer the importance and the necessity of the government to be held accountable for the parliament rather than parties. (Pilcher, et, al. 2019).
The analysis of the beam balance addressing, either government is responsible to the parliament or parties, infers that a state is a home to the rights and duties of general public where certain representations act as a bridge between the authorities and the layman. There is no way out to the concerns and matters that are reported to the accumulation of people that are appointed by the other members of the society. Parties possess certain countered rights and obligation addressing the fact that the elected nominees are an approach towards the justification of the social rights whereas the opposite view assert that the government is in a direct connection with the parliament where a parliament is a tool that can address the problems and modify the practical implication of the responsibilities and gaps, paving the way for social progress. (Pilcher, et, al. 2019).Parliament is a section that directly and directly addresses the rights and obligations. A responsible government is the one that is a conception of a framework of government, taking into account the principle of parliament responsibilities. The state responsibilities include all the possible life aspects of the general public so adherence to such responsibilities such an authority to parliament that is a cod o action for the government. (Beutler,et,al. 2018. p.16). The reflection of the idea that government is responsible to the parties is more than a hybrid reflection, addressing the conflict that conceptualises and fulfils the social assumptions. The parties of government are reflecting the sole ambition of nomination whereas parliament is the overall web of responsibilities and obligations addressing the lay mans responsibilities. (Ng, et, al. 2019, pp. 185-204).
Addressing the choice of a general perspective between the electorate and the national interest, it is a significant fact that the local electorate is the prime focus despite the fact that the political survival relies on the electorates opinion. A parliamentarian is also seen as a representative of the party other than a nation, but an intellectual view asserts that national interest, in fact, an individual interest cannot be achieved without adhering to a stellar spectrum. The constitution refers to an outline that can set a sovereign and democratic state where the government is affected by the Executive, Parliament and the Judiciary. (Wiesner, et, al. 2019, pp. 199-213). The role of the parliament is to highlight the representation of people to ensure a government that can help the people under the impact of the constitution as well as a reflection of the political interest in the national sphere. (Gale, et, al. 2018, pp. 223-240). If the entire framework of facilitating public, cooperative government and international participation are commanded by the parliament so it can be inferred that the government is responsible to the parliament rather than parties.
Bannister, J., Olijnyk, A. and McDonald, S., 2018.Government Accountability Australian Administrative Law. Cambridge University Press.
Bateman, W., 2019.Parliamentary Control of Public Money(Doctoral dissertation, University of Cambridge).
Beutler, D. and Fenech, M., 2018. An analysis of the Australian governments jobs for families childcare package The utility of Bacchis WPR methodology to identify potential influences on parents childcare choice. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood,43(1), p.16.
Gale, T. and Parker, S., 2018. Student Tuition Fees in Australian Higher Education A Litany of Public Issues and Personal Troubles. InHigher Education Funding and Access in International Perspective(pp. 223-240). Emerald Publishing Limited.
Ganghof, S., 2018. A new political system model Semi parliamentary government.European Journal of Political Research,57(2), pp.261-281.
Henninger, M., 2018. Reforms to counter a culture of secrecy Open government in Australia.Government Information Quarterly.
Hoque, Z. and Pearson, D., 2018. Accountability reform, parliamentary oversight and the role of performance audit in Australia.VALUE FOR MONEY, p.175.
Ireland, P., and Clausen, D., 2019. Local action that changes the world Fresh perspectives on climate change mitigation and adaptation from Australia. In Managing Global Warming(pp. 769-782). Academic Press.
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Ng, B., 2019. Politics, Policies, and Media. In Textbook of Medical Administration and Leadership(pp. 185-204). Springer, Singapore.
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Pilcher, R. and Gilchrist, D. eds., 2019.Public Sector Accounting, Governance and Accountability Experiences from Australia and New Zealand. Routledge.
Weale, A., 2018. Whats so good about parliamentary hybrids Comment on Australian bicameralism as semi-parliamentarianism patterns of majority formation in 29 democracies.Australian Journal of Political Science,53(2), pp.234-240.
Wiesner, C., 2019. European Council Government, Parliament, President or Congress of Ambassadors. InInventing the EU as a Democratic Polity(pp. 199-213). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Williams, J., Sheridan, L. and McLean, P., 2019. Developing corporate social responsibility projects an explorative empirical model of project development, processes, and actor involvement in Australia. InCorporate Social Responsibility Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications(pp. 80-109). IGI Global.
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