Cause And Effect Argument Essay Assignment
Cause and Effect Argument Essay Assignment
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Cause and Effect Argument Essay Assignment
Distressed Individuals opt for Organ Donation via The Black Market
In accordance with CDC, around 70,000 above individuals are on the waiting list of organ donation in the United States. Unfortunately, not all of them get the organs that they are waiting for since the death rate of organ donors is quite low, and they only are able to provide 8000 organs per year (Kwan, Hajjiri, Metwally, Finn & Perkins, 2016). The people who pass away provide around 3.5 organs on an ordinary. On the other hand, the living donors deliver around an estimated 6000 organs per year. This means that around 5000 people die every year waiting for an organ donor. In the United States, Kidney failure is one of the foremost reasons why people lose their lives. This is the reasons why it is one of the most regularly transplanted organ in the country. Over the course of time, there has been a flood in the waiting list of a kidney transplant. In accordance with a survey it was established that there have been more kidney failures than before, the reason behind being the progressing bad health and various chronic diseases like obesity and Type II Diabetes (Kwan, Hajjiri, Metwally, Finn & Perkins, 2016). Due to these issues, there has been a rise in the need for kidney transplants. Subsequently, this rise in need of kidney transplants has led to increasing demand for illegal organ transplant sales. This paper will discuss how individuals who are at the verge of desperation resort to the Black Market to get an organ donated.
Kidney failures are increasing on a daily basis causing people to resort for illegal options. This is a rising issue in the United States. Prolonged health conditions are not even getting the chance to heal like they use to because of the amount of tempting fast food chains which are deviating people from healthy eating. People eat all day and there is not a lot of physical activity which is causing further issues. Additionally, people who are on the list of organ donations give up and get depressed. This depression also makes people opt for drugs for temporary relief additionally causing more damage to their organs and individuals end up losing their lives in the process.
It is a fact that Obesity is a rising problem in the United States. Unhealthy eating habits have led people to the final stage of renal disease. In accordance with research people who are suffering from the final-stage renal disease have a superior chance of getting by if they get a transplant instead of being left on dialysis (Kovesdy, Furth, Zoccali & World Kidney Day Steering Committee, 2017). Regardless, people who suffer from obesity have other health-related problems as well which restricts them from getting on the organ transplant list. Further, both diabetes and obesity patients can also have other complications as well regarding kidney transplant; graft failure, urine protein, delayed graft function and acute rejection. In accordance with Cox regression it was found out that obesity increased the chances of graft failure. In short, the increase in body mass leads to contrary outcomes ((Kovesdy, Furth, Zoccali & World Kidney Day Steering Committee, 2017). Further, it is also seen that people who are on a pre-obese stage also suffered from complications when it came to kidney transplants compared to people with a normal weight. Additionally, due to the increasing populace of patients who have been identified with final-stage renal disease, more people have been put on dialysis, which has resulted in a decrease in organ donors. This fact has resulted in an upsurge in the donor waiting list for other patients. In Accordance with the United States Health and Human Services, a noteworthy amount of people expire every year anticipating a kidney transplant since there is a shortage in the donors. There are ways to escalate the number of organ givers, like individuals classifying in their driver’s license that they are donors. However, this tactic has not proven to be successful, because in case of an accident the end decision is made by the family on the death of their loved one.
Regardless of the fact that willful selling of kidney is both against the law and immoral, there are many people coming forward and doing so in the black market. Due to long waiting lists patient suffering from severe kidney health issues are also eyeing towards the black market to save their lives. There are thousands of individuals who are ready to sell their kidneys via the black market. There are certain initiatives which are pushing to legalize the selling of kidneys in the United States. It is a notion that people who can afford it should be given a chance to it through a legal procedure, this will also increase the pool of organ donors regardless of jeopardy of life. Another way to increase the number of kidney donors could be by legalizing the sale of the organ but at a price tag which more groups can afford too (Ghaderian, Hayati, Shayanpour, & Mousavi, 2015). Further, there have been talks regarding the setup of government agencies to aid in the management, marketing and acquiring of the donor’s kidneys in collaboration with a United Network of Organ Sharing. This system will be economically and self-sustaining because it will result in the cost reduction of dialysis, which will further aid in balancing out the payment and expenses of the donor.
Another reason behind the increase in the sales of kidneys in the black market is due to the waiting lists. The waiting lists of organ donations can be very long and some people end up losing their lives in the process. The fear of death is making people take the direction of the black market and pay millions in order to save their lives. The Black market is basically the illegitimate trade of assets or goods and it fully disrupts the accepted federal regulations. Amid the black market, there is no government power, and since there is no law the activities are as illegal as it gets (Cohen, 2017). Over the past years, organ sales in the black market have seen its fair share of controversy, and it has been increasing significantly over the course of time. When the field of organ donations is led by illegitimate doctors and dealers, the procedure can get very chaotic and uncontainable due to the complexity of organ donation. The worst side of it is that the victims who fall under the trap of the black market cannot even approach the law as they knew from the start that the act they are taking part in is illegal. Subsequently, it is essential that organ stealing is regulated by individual institutes and the government to make sure that the insufficiency of the black market is guaranteed (Cohen, 2017). It is a fact that organ trafficking is a problem that is faced worldwide. There is no doubt in the fact that it will outrage the country and shock the people if it is made public how often do these unlawful activities take place and what are the barbaric procedures behind them.
In accordance with the World Health Organization WHO, the activity in which an organ is removed from an individual’s body for financial affairs it is said to be illegal organ trade. WHO has seemed organ trade as an unfair act as a person who is vulnerable and needy is taken advantage of by the more fortunate through this process (Cohen, Eddinger, Shelton, Locke, Forde & Sawinski, 2017). This vile act results in human trafficking. In accordance with a study that was carried out by Global Financial Integrity, the illegitimate organ trade is on the rise in many countries. It has been documented that it is hard to take down the activities of human organ trafficking as there is usually no evidence left behind, however, there are numerous cases regarding prohibited organ donations that have been tried and further impeached.
There is no doubt in the fact that organ trafficking is an unlawful act that is in contradiction of the societal models which are a reflection of how a proper organ donation can be executed. There are many laws that are against this act in the United States as well as other countries. In accordance with these laws, if an individual is caught illegally trading organs they can end up spending a substantial amount of time in jail. It is essential that all Americans look into and aid in the legal donation of organs so the black market can be put to rest for good. Awareness in this matter will help make a difference for the individuals and their families who have fallen victim to the black market. One of the main reasons why people opt for getting an illegal transplant is the waiting list (Cohen, Eddinger, Shelton, Locke, Forde & Sawinski, 2017). When it comes to legal kidney transplant, there is a waiting list. A person who is on the list has to wait for around 3 to 5 years in order to get a match. This match is in accordance with the blood type that a person might have, the rarer the blood type the longer the wait. Due to issues like these people go into depression as they do not want to die. This is one of the chief reasons why individuals look towards the black market for an organ transplant. However, if given the right awareness such an issue can be avoided.
Kwan, J. M., Hajjiri, Z., Metwally, A., Finn, P. W., & Perkins, D. L. (2016). Effect of the obesity epidemic on kidney transplantation: obesity is independent of diabetes as a risk factor for adverse renal transplant outcomes. PloS one, 11(11), e0165712.
Kovesdy, C. P., Furth, S. L., Zoccali, C., & World Kidney Day Steering Committee. (2017). Obesity and kidney disease: hidden consequences of the epidemic.
Ghaderian, S. B., Hayati, F., Shayanpour, S., & Mousavi, S. S. B. (2015). Diabetes and end-stage renal disease; a review article on new concepts. Journal of renal injury prevention, 4(2), 28.
Cohen, L. (2017). Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International and more, on Organ Trafficking. GLOBAL KIDNEY EXCHANGE: ANALYSIS AND BACKGROUND PAPERS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE RIGHT TO HEALTH, 22.
Cohen, J. B., Eddinger, K. C., Shelton, B., Locke, J. E., Forde, K. A., & Sawinski, D. (2017). Effect of kidney donor hepatitis C virus serostatus on renal transplant recipient and allograft outcomes. Clinical kidney journal, 10(4), 564-572.
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