Assigned reading: Epictetus
Outcome#1: Comparing different theorists and theoretical perspectives
The Greek philosopher Epictetus explains that an ideal human condition is when a person attains eudemonia. He relates happiness with the goal of progressing. Achieving progress provide ways of acquiring virtue. Happiness is thus linked to the philosophy of knowing what is good for a person. Stoic also relate happiness with the state of tranquility that means serenity and calmness. Humans who are calmer are happier from the ones who lack calmness. Freedom involves self-mastery that reflects controlling one's desires. People who attain their desire are more likely to attain happiness. This is because it is linked to satisfaction and fate. Stoic mentions, "as for desire suspend it completely for now" (303). This reflects the correlation between happiness and desire. Other philosophy claims that for attaining happiness, one needs to engage in effective planning. It is not possible to achieve happiness without having a proper plan. Will is also important in the process of attaining happiness. Stoic mentions, "I go all to pieces when anything bad happens" (303). The claims reveal that happiness is not maintained without a will. People who are weak will become victim of unhappiness.
Outcome#6: New insights
The ancient Greek philosopher fails to grasp the key elements that can be seen through other methodological lenses. The theory of Stoic is not complete because he has stressed more on virtue but not on the practical ways. The author has not addressed why some people are happier irrespective of the accomplishment of their goals. It is "not the events that disturb people but the judgments." That is effective analysis because people who are capable of controlling their desires will not be upset. They will manage to remain calm and accept the facts. Happiness depends on one's strategy for handling things.
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