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The Mexican American war became a dispute between the United States and Mexico on the border. The war was in 1846 to 1848. It started because Texas a small nation in that period was not recognized by the Mexican government which had failed to honor the signed treaties that were signed by President Antonio Lopez after the Texas revolution. Ten years later after the Texas revolution, a newly elected president of the America decided to manipulate of the dispute between Mexico and Texas and saw an opportunity that would see the expansion of the American borders (Paul 2002). The war took its way when the Mexican forces attacked the United States forces. This made the Congress declare war against the Mexican territory. After the congress declaration, the United States Army occupied most of the towns in Mexico including the capital city. In the ocean, the navy blocked the pacific coast and pushed it further inside.
The main aim of the Mexican American war was to ensure that America gains almost all the territories to the southwest. The American activists never wanted the war since they saw it as a plan that wanted to expand the slave trade which had become common in the north. Their efforts went futile since they were swept by a tsunami of patriotic people of most of the American people who wanted to see the slave trade expanded widely (James 1986). The Mexican war virtually expanded the geographical coverage of the American territory with almost 100 which was double the size of initial America. Slave owners saw it a chance to make the expanded Mexican boarders to be a slave region whereas the anti-slave owners anticipated that the expanded Mexican territory should be free. The Mexican conflict took the Africans captivity issue away from its show since any measure that was being made to contain this issue of slavery at this point couldnt work anymore. Southerners had a plan that the widening of the Mexican boarders would be the means which could make the slave business become more profitable since at that time the business was the most profitable in the markets. The northerners, on the other hand, viewed the plans of the expansion of the American territory as a plan to develop a true regime of slavery that would be hard to get rid of in the future.
The northerners become quite certain that the southerners are held bent to move slavery to all parts of the country. This causes a political fight between the northerners and the southerners on what the acquired Mexican territory would be used for. Through 1847 and 1848 the thought of the extended boundaries was revisited and the answer to the thought placed the continent to its destiny. During the period of 1850, the continent came back from the brink when congress came up with the great compromise provision and made efforts to enact it into law. In exchange of permitting California to be added to the American continent as a free state that could have independent laws, the southerners were granted the opportunity to form slave regions of Utah and New Mexico. Though with the northers the inconsiderable article in the great compromise could be the fugitive slave law. It strictly stated that for any inhabitant both from the north or south could be caught by surprise and made to catch a purported run away. Who, in this case, is a slave trying to escape This provision would later make the kidnapping of free blacks legal. Which meant that a southerner who depended on slaves can try to track a free black in Free states and say that he or she belongs to him. And this also meant based on the provision in the great compromise that any white can be forced to help round up a purported fugitive and help in the capture of the slave. When the great compromise was finally sealed it leads to an increase in the number of slaves (Michael 2004). 2 decades of trying to eradicate slavery had brought up a million more slaves, the abolitionists from the north were completely horrified. The numerous curt cases to stop slavery, campaigns, rallies, matches, gatherings, agreements and fundraisers, mobs and beating. Every struggle made had been mysteriously rubbished by a few men in the capital Washington. And slavery took the center stage once more.
Foos, Paul.A short, offhand, killing affair Soldiers and social conflict during the Mexican-America Unit of North Carolina Press, 2002.
Oakes, James. The Political Significance of Slave Resistance.History Workshop Journal. Vol. 22. No. 1. Oxford University Press, 1986.n War.
Holt, Michael Fitzgibbon.The fate of their country Politicians, slavery extension, and the coming of the Civil War. Macmillan, 2004.
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