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Holocaust as genocide:
History is the main thing that reveals human nature. Numbers of scientists and biologists claim that human was animal who with process of evolution become civilized. This claim seems true when research is made on the event of Holocaust. The word holocaust came from the Greek word "holos" (whole) and "kaustos" means burned. By spinning the wheel of history, it becomes clear that this word was used for the sacrificial offerings that used to be done on the altar. By critically evaluating literature of history, it could be witnessed that 1945 was the unfortunate period when this word got a negative connotation and became a horrible term. This term drags the readers back towards the threatening and inhumane mass killing of six million European Jewish by Germany.
Causes of the Holocaust:
Holocaust has been recorded in the human history as most cruel event of human massacre that become much comprehend by spotting a torch on history. Holocaust is one of the most terrible and important events from the 20th century. It is probably most significant genocide in history till date. There could be witnessed various causes of holocaust and primary cause of holocaust genocide that took place in world for the first time, was the frustration and depression as Germany lost the value of its currency and was experiencing the high inflation because of the reparation payments that Germany had to pay because of the Treaty of Versailles (Allington,et,al,2018,pp.129-136). This frustration is considered as one of the root cause for setting the stage for the growth of ant-Semitism and Holocaust eventually. With the passage of time, this anti-Semitism led towards the Holocaust because it legitimized violence against Jewish in the eye of the German forces.
Another major cause of Holocaust was the promotion of idea of the master race and development of the eugenics. Eugenic is a cruel ideology in process of selective reproduction is opted and some of the genetic traits are promoted. Like the race that is desirable is removed from this landscape and this practice was at its peak during the reign of Hitler (Russell,et,al,2019,pp. 277-299). Eugenic was promoted as well as most practiced in Germany for removing Jewish from the territory. Jewish were categorized as most undesired people and plan for removing them was given a final form for putting it into practice at its worst. Most of the scholars who have been making their research works on Holocaust claim that ruthlessness could not be better seen than this historical event. These claims look logical and true as first victims of the Holocaust were disabled people (mentally as well as physically) because they were considered as a burden on society.
Social Darwinism theory is also looked upon as one of prime causes of Holocaust. According to this theory, some races and ethnic groups are superior to others. This theory was given by a famous British scientist who was being credited for giving a theory of evolution in one of his famous book called Origin of Species. Though Darwin proposed this idea for biological studies, Germans implied Darwin's theory on humans. So it won’t be illogical to say that Darwinism was used in a contradictory way by Nazi Germany than it was meant for justifying Aryanism and policy of eugenics.
Another important cause was the growth and popularity of ultra-nationalism. By keeping into account history, it becomes quite clear that many of the historians and leaders preferred nationalism for expressing best form of patriotism. The scenario here, is little different as Hitler promoted ultra-nationalism (Vitale,et,al,2019,p.1). Ultra-nationalism is quite different from the conception of nationalism as in ultra-nationalism various nations chooses weapon of violence against each other for claiming patriotism persecution of Jewish people and other ethnic groups show ultra-nationalism.
Hitler was convinced with the thought that people who kill more people of the opponent group are more patriotic and deserve appreciation for their loyalty towards Germany. It won’t be wrong to say that Germans by using tool of violence and power promoted nationalism that was right in their perception. Hitler considered Aryanism as a superior race than others and for him; they were the Northern Europeans with blonde hair, specific genetic traits, and blue eyes. Aryan traits were the only traits that come up to the expectation of Germans so that they could be promoted. Rest of the traits were restricted and eventually removed from society. So it could be said that ultra-nationalism led towards the Holocaust as Hitler and many Germans showed unwelcoming behaviour for people who were considered as undesirable by them.
The final cause of the Holocaust was the fear of being killed as it was the furious ambition of Adolf Hitler as well as the Nazi Party. One of the major parts of their ideology was the promotion of anti-Semitism and Aryanism. Cruelty and inhumane killings were justified by the Nazi when they took shelter of eugenics and Euthanasia program.
Most apparent cause of the Holocaust was Nazi racial discrimination. It was the time when specific people and races were targeted. For purifying their land from such unwanted people Germans planned massacre killing that turned to be called the Holocaust (Katz,et,al,2018, pp.55-74). Jewish were the main target of Germans for multiple reasons. Germans considered the Jewish as lower than Untermensch, killers of Christ, and copied Christians who must be exterminated by adopting option of massive killing. This fact has been highlighted many times that Jewish were most hated people by Hitler. He totally opposed the idea of their stay with Germans.
So it could be concluded that Jewish become target of Hitler. By taking a look at the history and all the circumstances that were created, it could be said that Hitler and Nazi found many reasons of preceding Holocaust genocide and Jewish were the main target of Germans. Many causes have been mentioned by the scholars and Germans also tried their best for justifying the innocent and unjustified killing that happened in the Holocaust. Despite all the justification, this fact cannot be ignored that holocaust is one of the inhumane and horrifying human massacre ever recorded in history (Lower,et,al,2018,p.565). There could be found no justification of this genocide at all as it has been seen that people were brutally killed because of their identity. It is impossible to found an example of such brutality in history, as one being exemplified by Hitler.
Allington, D. (2018). ‘Hitler had a valid argument against some Jews’: Repertoires for the denial of antisemitism in Facebook discussion of a survey of attitudes to Jews and Israel. Discourse, Context & Media, 24, 129-136.
Katz, S. T. (2018). The uniqueness of the Holocaust: the historical dimension. In Is the Holocaust Unique? (pp. 55-74). Routledge.
Lower, W. (2018). Holocaust Studies: The Spatial Turn. A Companion to Nazi Germany, 565.
Russell, N. (2019). Conclusion—The Milgram-Holocaust Linkage and Beyond. In Understanding Willing Participants, Volume 2 (pp. 277-299). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Vitale, M., & Clothey, R. (2019, February). Holocaust Education in Germany: Ensuring relevance and meaning in an increasingly diverse community. In FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education (Vol. 5, No. 1).
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