Is It All Good And True?
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Is it all good and true
Evaluate the evolution of forensic science.
Considering the time when the Chinese used to establish the identity of the documents in the 700s, it could be said that forensic science came a long way. Today, there could be seen the application of forensic science in almost all important fields and has become a field of law enforcement where crime-solving, technology and science meet. When two objects meet, some evidence of their meeting is gathered and verified. Great and consistent advancement could be seen in forensic science as it number of books on forensic science continually increased and this field showed substantial progress. In around, 1930s universities began to offer degrees and courses in criminalities and police science and over the years, now the science of forensic is recognized as a critical and important ingredient in law enforcement for solving criminal cases. At present, few of the crime-fighting capabilities and method used in forensic science are the use of high-tech equipment, databanks, and tele-forensics
Identify examples of scientific methods that have been disproven.
Since years experiments are being carried so that assumptions and initial observation could be tested with the help of scientific methods (van Oorschot et al, 2019). Though, the number of successful experiments are being done with the help is high but at the same time, there could be few of scientific methods that are disapproved such as Ponss nuclear fusion
Explain the peer review process.
In forensic science, the peer review process is one of the most important quality checks for the submitted evidence/manuscript (Jacquet Champod, 2019). It ensures the decision making of the investigators as they get the evidence and support from relevant cases and fields. Experts from relevant fields work as the reviewers whose work or methods are used. Forensic Science Today believes that the peer-review process helps in authenticating work and research done before publication. It also helps in maintaining ethical standards and safeguard truthfulness of work research.
Compare and contrast common perceptions of the realities of forensic science.
Anecdotal claims that jurors expect more pieces of evidence i.e. DNA evidence due to the increased popularity of the crime drama television programs. On the other hand, some have the perception that forensic scientists need to have a fundamental background in natural sciences, so that they could see things in depth. Some also believed that forensic psychologists work with law enforcement institutions for integrating psychological science into criminal profiling, but perceived realism is not always associated with the expectations of jurors. Perceived realism in forensic science, for prosecutors, is a desirable trait, as it has been seen that jurors who are more interested in realism are more likely to convict.
Explain the CSI effect.
CSI effects are CSI syndrome and infection that portray forensic science on crime television shows and influences public perception. It has been witnessed that CSI effects verdicts in two different ways (Camilleri, A., Abarno et al, 2019). Firstly, the jurors expect or ask for more forensic evidence than the required or available which results in a higher rate of acquittal if the evidence is missing. Secondly, the jurors starting showing more confidence in DNA and forensic evidence than warranted.
Evaluate what impacts the CSI effect has or does not have on the forensic field and the criminal justice system.
CSI effect is expected to impact the prosecution of the defenders by making it easy, but unfortunately, it is not the case as it has become even harder to prosecute the defendants. Also, CSI effect could be impacted or facilitate the finding jurors as in some of the states allowed lawyers to remove jurors from the pool based on the TV programs they watch. CSI could not impact the already tightening budgets as to feed jurors appetites for more and more forensic evidence, most of the time investigators perform useless tests. CSI effect also lacks the impact on educating juries.
Evaluate the impact of junk science, real or perceived, in the forensic field and criminal justice.
Junk science is being used extensively in the forensic field and criminal justice as it describes scientific data, research and analysis conducted by a person and it also helps in making a determination in political and legal contexts. Real science also helps the investigators on the crime scenes when they compare victims circumstances and the possible reality that exists in the world without being molded. Perceived science plays a vital role in court rooms as scientific-based information is gathered and perceived through analysis of physical evidence.
Camilleri, A., Abarno, D., Bird, C., Coxon, A., Mitchell, N., Redman, K., ... Lindsay, H. (2019). A risk-based approach to cognitive bias in forensic science.Science Justice.
Jacquet, M., Champod, C. (2019). Automated face recognition in forensic science Review and perspectives.Forensic Science International, 110124.
van Oorschot, R. A., Szkuta, B., Meakin, G. E., Kokshoorn, B., Goray, M. (2019). DNA transfer in forensic science a review.Forensic Science International Genetics,38, 140-166.
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