Introduction To Information Systems
To improve the speed, accuracy and reliability of the information systems, SeaWorld has the option of purchasing software or creating internal operation system. The Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) principles highlight the stages of successive software creation. The stages of the cycle include analysis, design, development, testing, implementation, documentation and evaluation. The first phase is analysis that emphasize on identifying why it is important to build a software? SeaWorld must consider its need for creating software based on its daily operations. It is also critical to assure that the software is capable of delivering what is needed. In the design phase SeaWorld will determine how software can be used for deriving monetary benefit. Non-functional requirements and performance constraints are also highlighted in this stage. The design for architecture is developed according to the requirements of SeaWorld. The capacity of the database is defined by the design team. The development phase briefs about which software will be created that is capable of performing all activities such as recording accounting transactions, managing relationship with partners and suppliers and storing information in databases. This phase provides framework for a unique system that is adequate for managing customer relations and help SeaWorld in tracking data.
The development phase identifies set of standards, configurations and customization for building a new software. Testing phase will assure that the software is capable of performing all business related activities with efficiency. It also confirms that the software is free from errors and capable of serving long-term needs. The drawbacks or errors in the software are resolved at this stage. After confirming that the software is free from errors and capable for performing business activities, it will be approved and implemented in SeaWorld. The next phase used in the construction of software is documentation which states that the information about the functions, activities and codes are kept safely in the documented format. The final phase of software development is evaluation that involve examination of the features and capacity of software (AlHogail & Mirza, 2014). The final phase also highlights how software will be maintained by reporting issues of bugs and backups.
SeaWorld will create its own software because it is more time-efficient and cost effective. Having its own software will not impose costs for buying additional services from the software developers on later stages. It is also assumed that the demand for software will increase with the business growth so it is better to create its won software. System analysis tools will be integrated for assuring development and implementation of effective software. Requirement planning is crucial for determining the feasibility of the software and its performance in SeaWorld. User design is another important tool that leads to the development of joint application among stakeholders. Programming languages are essential for providing structured codes used for building logical communications (Peng & Littlejohn, 2001). Different programme languages will be integrated for meeting the needs of SeaWorld. Cases are also system analysis tools that assist users or analysts in refining product features. Requirement lists include details about the company’s needs for catering demands of customers. Flowcharts are also used for demonstrating the process in diagram. Visuals give better idea about activities and their impacts. Series of steps of decisions are elaborated through entity/ relation diagram. A prototype model is constructed for facilitating the issues and assessing features. This provides better idea about the probability or success and shortcomings of the developed software.
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Ridder, D. (2003). Organisational communication and supportive employees. Human Resource Management Journal , 4 (4), 1-10.
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