The tourism industry contributes chiefly to the economy of a country also the revenue is derived hugely if tourism is successful. The growth of this industry is fueled by various factors, including transportation, accommodation, and economic feasibility. The progress is also reliant on the presence of attractions in these tourism areas, i.e., interesting places like historical forts, monuments, museums, zoos, art galleries, casinos, water parks, aquariums, etc. there are different types of attractions based on entertainment and educational purposes. The significance of these attractions is that it promotes tourism and it allows tourists around the world to visit and explore these places with family and friends. Accommodation and transport play the foremost part of this industry, as people prefer feasible and comfortable arrival and stay at the tourist locations (Michailidou, Vlachokostas, and Moussiopoulos, 2016). Certain factors essentially put an effect on these two areas of tourism, primarily these elements include climate. The climatic effect is the growing concern for the whole world in this era of global warming. However, it has also predominantly affected the tourism industry. Therefore, this paper will explore the effect of changing the climate on the accommodation factor of tourism, along with the example of its impact on the hotel business sector in the tourism industry.
The effect of global warming is generally all over the world as these climatic changes are adversely becoming more evident in causing extreme temperatures. These fluctuations in temperature are the ultimate reason for the floods in some areas and droughts in the other. The patterns of weather are becoming unpredictable, which either prolongs the summer period or shortens the winter season, or vice versa. Such disturbances in the weather impact the tourism industry in various ways, as this industry is hugely dependent on the seasons predictability and forecast to attract the tourists attention to the area of their interests. For instance, people who are from hot and plain areas would love visiting the winter and snowy areas, likewise, tourists who enjoy summers and beach would look forward to areas with water zones and beaches. However, due to environmental and climatic change, the tourism industry has been affected in multiple ways in this regard. These changes, directly and indirectly, affected the tourist places or destinations, and it ultimately put pressure on the hotel industry in these areas which earn from the seasonal tourist visits (Zientara, and Zamojska, 2018).
The areas which become damaged or worn out to climatic changes are less attractive to the visitors and they tend to stay less or visit less in those areas (Ragab, and Meis, 2016). The accommodations in tourist areas are expected to be feasible and accessible, but if due to snowfall or flood the access to these areas is restricted it will subsequently adversely affect the hotel business or hospitality industry (Mearns, 2016). Therefore, the hospitality industry is adversely impacted by climatic changes as it has a large potential to destroy this industry with the current changes in its occurrence. Since the tourism industry is dependent on the natural environment, for instance, ice, seas, mountains, snows, lakes and oceans, they will no longer exist due to the current climatic changes. The alterations in climate influence the changes in destination patterns, thereby inducing the change in the decision of this industry (Pablo-Romero, Snchez-Braza, and Snchez-Rivas 2017).
There are different types of attractions based on entertainment and educational purposes. The type of tourism affected by the climatic change is recreational tourism, such that fishing, winter sports, mountain, lakes, and seas, etc. also the coral reefs have dried out under the sea due to these alterations in climate (Mereu et al., 2016). This eventually leads to the less number of tourist in these areas, and ultimately decreased the number of tourists in the hotels in such areas. Consequently, it affects the hospitality industry, as people want to see the natural beauty of these areas which is destroyed due to environmental and climatic factors. Thus, the devastation of the natural environment is linked to the damage done to the economy of hotel business or hospitality industry, which also contributes to the maximum gross domestic product (GDP) of the country (Melissen et al., 2016). This industry is, as a result, very vulnerable to the bad climatic event and environmental conditions. As seen, if a hotel is situated in an area which is known due to heavy rainfall and flood most likely occurs in that area, tourist will not visit such areas or will be hesitant in going to these areas (Rico, A et al., 2019). Thus, this will cause the industry to collapse and hotel business will be in great loss.
As perceived, the climate is affecting the world with the vastness of the damages it concurs. However, the occurrence in climatic adversity cannot be completely reversed back to the time where it was not a danger to the wellbeing of the world and its tenants. But it is controllable if global warming and its effluents are managed properly. Because climate is deteriorating day by day, glaciers are melting and the ozone layer is depleting. Hence, to manage such changes it is important to look after the environment and reduce the production of pollution. This way it will conserve the natural environment from further ruination and will save the sector of hospitality and hotel management. The only recommendation for this matter is that people and industries should be answerable for the amount of pollution they produce, and ways should be devised for minimizing the effect of this pollution. Consequently, this paper explored the effect of changing the climate on the accommodation factor of tourism, along with the example of its impact on the hotel business sector in the tourism industry.
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Ragab, A. M., and Meis, S. (2016). Developing environmental performance measures for tourism using a Tourism Satellite Accounts approach A pilot study of the accommodation industry in Egypt. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(7), 1007-1023.
Rico, A., Martnez-Blanco, J., Montlle, M., Rodrguez, G., Tavares, N., Arias, A., and@AFGHJPQ , f /4jktplplhh/TLhghr8ah56hb7hhBaJfHphq hBaJfHphq hhMhMhMhhhhBh9hbq56h9hhDh8xh.nhDh.n6hhhDh.nhDhC(ABCDEFGHIJQf
(dagdr8adgdr8agiksxoqZab)ZcqF H hhBaJfHphq hhb7hh9hbq56hh/TLhU6hU6hU6hhhhbqh/TLhhBaJfHphq hBaJfHphq 0F d4555 55555555agd.n
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Zientara, P. and Zamojska, A., 2018. Green organizational climates and employee pro-environmental behavior in the hotel industry. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,26(7), pp.1142-1159.
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