Assignment 2: Risk Reduction
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RiskFrequencySeverityRisk of crash and deathLHStrains while lifting during medical responsesHMRisk of a similar occurrenceHLRisk of damage at the chimneyHM
PhaseHuman factorsVehicles and equipment factorsEnvironmental factorsPre-crashPoor vision, turn-taking risk, and over-speedingLack of warning system and inadequate trainingIll-timed signalsCrashFailure to manage the speedNot wearing seat belts and over-speeding of driverInsufficient training for difficult roads and intersections.Post-crashInsufficient rollover protectionPoor emergency system and lack of timely response.Lack of trauma systems
Following are the things gathered from the analysis of both table and Haden Matrix
Learned from table and matrix
By taking a look at the table and Haden Matrix, it has been learned that first of all, it is the responsibility of the institute to train its employees who are working under it. Key lessons being learned from both the above-mentioned things are that it is important to train firefighters how important is to follow the road rules that could save us from many incidents. It has been learned that road conditions were not at all suitable for rash driving but the 24 years old victim was driving too fast and his poor driving habits along with bad road conditions become one of the primary reasons for this horrifying crash (Pasina et al, 2019). Another thing that has been learned is, removing or not wearing a seat belt when the vehicle is in motion proves fatal and could take peoples life. The drivers ignorance of the importance of seat belts was also one of the reasons for this crash. Another important lesson learned is, the fire department should make sure that firefighter and especially drivers and officers must be trained on how to maintain safe control about the fire apparatus.
Similarities between table and matrix
Considering both table and matrix, there could be found a few things that point towards their commonality. Both tables and matrix points to the insufficient training of the victim (officer). He was not trained well on how to drive by examining the road conditions. Both show that he lost control over the truck because of the over-speeding and bad road conditions. The severity of the accident with a pole was because the officer could not manage the speed and was poorly trained in managing things if all happens suddenly (Kunreuther et al, 2019). Another similar that has been witnessed in both table and matrix is, avoidance of traffic rule i.e. the officer did not wear the seat belt due to which the severity of injuries enhanced and the officer was pronounced dead. The third similarity that could be analyzed from both table and matrix is emergency response time was greater than expected and the emergency services took a bit long and the initial aid given to victims was insufficient to help them. The fourth similarity is driver skill and experience, though features and designs of vehicles are important in order to prevention crash it is experience and skill of the operator, table and matrix showed that operators attitude, qualifications, application, and training all proved insufficient for preventing this crash.
Differences between table and matrix
Taking into account both table and matrix, there could be pointed much difference and one of the central differences that have been noted is that in the table only after crash details are being given. On the other hand, in the Haden Matrix, there are different factors (human, equipment and environmental, etc.) that are highlighted and specific conditions before the crash has been also listed in the matrix. Another difference that could be noticed in table and matrix is, in matrix an in-depth insight has been provided that tracks clearly all the central causes of the crash, but in the table, only frequency and severity have been pointed. In the table, risks have been mentioned that fire department and officers would be at after the crash but in the matrix after investigation, factors have been mentioned in detail that becomes the reason of this crash i.e. lack of skills, training, road conditions, lack of timely response and trauma systems, etc.
The logic behind the risk-reduction measures
Risk-reduction measures that have been highlighted in both table and matrix points towards the logic of making fire department aware of its responsibilities so that more lives could be saved from the risk of a crash. In order to reduce, risk of crashes or death in vehicle accidents, the fire apparatus must come into a complete stop in different situations including stop signs, negative right of way intersections, red traffic lights and blind intersections, etc. A clear logic that works behind in risk reduction measures is to decrease the numbers of the crash due to which officers are losing their lives. Another logic that is serving behind the risk reduction measures is to make aware the fire department about the alarming situation as no sufficient training is being given to those who are serving the fire department. The logic behind the risk reduction measures is to make aware the emergency systems about the importance of timely response as delay in timely response could take many lives. So that logic is to make those aware who could play an active role in preventing a crash and saving a life through proper training and timely response. The logic behind all this is to save precious lives that are being put at risk by the officers who for grant the rules and regulations (wearing a seat belt) and departments who do not pay much attention in arranging training sessions so that officers could know how to respond in different situations.
Haden Matrix works best in the given scenario
It wont be wrong to say that Haden Matrix is the matrix that could work best for the given scenario as it is the commonly used paradigm in the field of injury prevention. It has all the attributes that make it best for the given scenario i.e. it looks at the factors which are linked with personal attributes, agent or vectors attributes and environmental attributes before, during and after the crash or incident takes place. All the three attributes personal, agent and environmental makes the situation of the given scenario more clear and easy to understand. Haden Matrix is best suited for the given scenario as it does not only examine or focus what happened after the incident but also analyze conditions before and during the time of crash so that effective and useful recommendations could be given. Forgiving practical recommendations, it is important to know the situation that was before, during and after the crash happened. By using the Haden Matrix, one could easily evaluate the importance of different factors and elements that are inter-linked. In all the three events (pre-event, event and post events) different things have been highlighted so that all the concerned people, departments and authorities could be given a direction on how to make the situation better in order to avoid the crashes. So as a whole, considering the key features of Haden Matrix, it could be said that for examining or analyzing the given scenario, it is the best matrix that would answer all the queries.
Kunreuther, H., Meyer, R. J., Michel-Kerjan, E. O. (Eds.). (2019).The Future of Risk Management. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Pasina, I., Bayram, G., Labib, W., Abdelhadi, A., Nurunnabi, M. (2019). Clustering students into groups according to their learning style.MethodsX,6, 2189-2197.
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