Problems of Formation of Civic identity in the conditions of Modern Society
In the works of most researchers, the crisis of civic identity is considered within the framework of the general transformation of modern society. In the modern world, not only civil, but any other identity is problematic. In the context of globalization, the identification space becomes wider than the limits of a separate state. Coleman thus carries out an analysis of social capital from the economic and sociological point of view, in order to transpose the concept of rationality of the economy to sociology. Identity transformation processes are characterized by:
revision of the foundations of national and state identity;
the emergence of new objects of identification;
The emergence of new forms of identity.
The problem is not so much the confusion of a person as the lack of a solid framework for which the content of individual elections could be strengthened. Due to circumstances in the modern world, civic identity is often also not a similar core. The main factors for the formation of civic identity are the active attitude of a person towards the world, political activity associated with the ability to localize and protect their interests by institutional means; the ability to identify their own attitude to the phenomena of social reality and the willingness to make independent decisions.. Social trust associated with the observance by each citizen of rational and ethically based rules, with a belief in the feasibility and effectiveness of these rules, and the expectation from other participants of the fulfillment of mutual obligations.
Under the conditions of an unstable developing society, the quality of a citizen as activity is replaced by social apathy and passivity. A person’s doubts about the strength of the world, uncertainty about the future are associated with a sense of impotence, his own failure, the inability to act rationally, adequately responding to the challenges of time, and frustration with the effectiveness of joint actions. In a situation of instability of social institutions, lack of community of interests and a network of mutual obligations, social trust as a condition for planning and implementing joint actions is impossible. In the absence of solid ground, where trust could take root, the courage needed to assume responsibility and long-term commitments to "their" community also disappears. The crisis of civic identity is associated with the loss, or, rather, the loss of some elements of this complex system of values, feelings and rules, etc. Therefore, the formation of civic identity should be viewed in the plane of its restoration and return. We should be aware that this will in many ways be a new form of identity that does not coincide with the previous one (for example, characteristic of the Soviet era).
Sammut, Gordon. "Civic solidarity: The negotiation of identity in modern societies." Papers on social representations 20.1 (2011): 4-1.
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