Understanding Australia And Indigenous Australians
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Understanding Australians and Indigenous Australians
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
TOC o 1-3 h z u HYPERLINK l _Toc9512631 Introduction PAGEREF _Toc9512631 h 3
HYPERLINK l _Toc9512632 Historical Background PAGEREF _Toc9512632 h 3
HYPERLINK l _Toc9512633 Contemporary Situation of Australians and Indigenous Australians PAGEREF _Toc9512633 h 4
HYPERLINK l _Toc9512634 References PAGEREF _Toc9512634 h 6
Understanding Australians and Indigenous Australians
History of Australia extends before the period from the year 1788, when the new arrivals first fleet from England set its course on Botany Bays sands. The Aboriginal people and the people of Torres Strait were the inhabitants of Australia since thousands of years, and their laws, cultures, ceremonies and land connection to the Australian land is enduring and more strong. The Indigenous people of Australia are the worlds oldest culture that made its survival in todays world. They have been living in Australia from at least 65,000. While the contact between the diverse people of the continent made it possible for them to use trade, but their connection and their trade with the rest of the world is non-existent. Outside people made their first contact with the Indigenous people almost 600 years ago. People from now what constitute Indonesia first established their relationship in the trade with the people of northern Australia. Later when the sailors from Europe made their contact, some of that connection brings positive effects on the Aboriginal Australian people sharing the technologies with them. Others are the negative impacts which include the disease introduction(Department of the Environment and Energy, 2019).
In the year 1768, then British Empire issued the order to Captain James Cook that if he is able to discover the land in the south he would with the natives consent take possession in Kings Name and if the land is inhibited, then take the possession of the land for His Majesty name. Captain Cook on the Endeavour enters the Botany Bay(Shareourpride.org.au, 2019). Around then the Government of Britain does not give the Indigenous Australians their rights as per their exceptional association with the Australian land. Rather, the land was asserted for the Britain Government and Australia was announced as land nullius no ones territory. The main armada in the year 1788 arrives and assembles their settlement in Port Jackson situated in Sydney which is the perpetual settlement for the Europeans. At any rate 3 out of 4 of the all-out Indigenous Australians did not endure the colonization. In the year 1835, John Batman who was a pioneer and a pastoralist attempted to make a bargain yet the Governor Bourke doesnt acknowledge the settlement. In 1836, British House of Common chose a council that says that Aborigines reserve a privilege to the land. In the year 1901, the Commonwealth of Australia appears. Edmund Barton was chosen as the first Australian Prime Minister.
Contemporary Situation of Australians and Indigenous Australians
Although the economy of Australia is growing from the previous 25 years and it is considered as one of the world happiest nation but one group that is not benefitted from the current scenario are the Aboriginal people. The conditions regarding the health, education, and employment of the Aboriginal people as compared to the non-Indigenous people are in deteriorating condition(Australianstogether.org.au, 2019). According to the government report recently published, Indigenous men with the age range in between 25 and 29 have the world highest suicide rate due to psychological problems with 90.8 suicides of total 100,000 inhabitants per year. These high rates are the consequence of the stark challenge symptoms that the Indigenous people are facing. The problem includes that Indigenous people are less likely to precede further high school education. Because of the low education, they are less likely to get an employment and the health-related issues are on the rise as compared to other Australians and as consequent life on average ten years less than their non-Indigenous counterparts. In order to counter this effect, in the year 2008, the commitment is made formally by the Australian government known as Closing the Gap. Some improvements are noticed but the overall national statistics show that still much has to be done to actually close the gap.
Studies suggest that socioeconomic conditions have an impact on health outcomes(ABC News, 2019). This means all the factors which include discrimination, racism, lack of employment and health, and cultural distancing has an impact on the health of a person. In between the years 2014 and 2016, Indigenous children with their age ranging in between 0-4 years are twice as likely to be dead as their counterparts. In the year 2012, it has been noted that non-Indigenous Australians are more likely to live 10 years more than their Australian counterparts. The same trend has been seen in the other departments that may have an impact on health outcomes.
ABC News. (2019).PM says he doesnt know when Indigenous children will have equal opportunities. online Available at https//www.abc.net.au/news/2019-02-14/closing-the-gap-results-show-targets-off-track/10810602 Accessed 23 May 2019.
Australianstogether.org.au. (2019).Australians Together Indigenous disadvantage in Australia. online Available at https//australianstogether.org.au/discover/the-wound/indigenous-disadvantage-in-australia/ Accessed 23 May 2019.
Department of the Environment and Energy. (2019).Department of the Environment and Energy. online Available at https//www.environment.gov.au/heritage/about/indigenous-heritage Accessed 23 May 2019.
Shareourpride.org.au. (2019).Our shared history Sections Share Our Pride. online Available at http//www.shareourpride.org.au/sections/our-shared-history/ Accessed 23 May 2019.
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