Culture is one of the most important things that give identity to a person. It is the set of norms, values and traditions that are followed by people. Every group, nation or country would have their own culture. It is the soul of any society, organization and group. In simple words, it is defined as what a person or a group thinks and beliefs. It tells what is being considered right and wrong by a particular group of people. People living in different areas and societies have different cultures. Understanding ones culture has become significant in todays world for building good relationships. Throughout life, culture remains as the main thing that shapes our behaviours, beliefs and thinking. People used to born in specific cultures and learn it with time. Despite all the positive points of culture, this thing cannot be denied that culture is also the thing that makes one community or nation different from the rest and this difference could be taken positive as well as negative (Kamp,et,al,2018.p.50). People mostly compare their culture with other cultures in order to see what similarities could bring them closer and what are the differences between them that they have to overlook for avoiding misunderstanding. Like many others, aboriginal culture of Australia and Jordan show much difference.
There are very few groups or nations where all the indigenous people have a single kind of adaption. Australia is best known for its aboriginal culture where all the people follow the same values and norms. There could be seen claims of many researchers who believe that Australian aboriginal culture is the oldest continuous living culture on earth. Aboriginal culture is marked with the oneness of nature and commonality among every individual of Australian culture could be viewed. Australian aboriginal culture has stories of the creation of canyons, waterfalls, rivers, landscape and prominent rocks and it is believed by the indigenous people that all the things being created are interconnected. Ideologies and thinking give the cultural reflection of people that tells other from which culture they belonged to. By taking a look at aborigine of Australia, it could be claimed that they all are sacred and environment loving people. Aboriginal culture is the earliest culture that could be found anywhere i.e. it could be seen that every region, country or nation has its aboriginal culture, how much it is practised is another question. Indigenous people are the ones who are responsible for preserving aboriginal culture. There could be found visible differences in the aboriginal cultures of two regions or nations. Australian aboriginal culture could be totally different from the Jordan aboriginal culture. Knowing other cultures could be enriched and useful for bringing other people to close. According to Trompenaars and Hampden-turners seven Dimensions of culture, it is important to know about basic seven dimensions that would help people for learning about a different culture. In this way people could know more about those who belong to together cultures and could improve the working environment of a place by avoiding misunderstandings. This model emphasizes that cultures could be understood clearly by taking into account seven dimensions of a culture and one must look in which category, preferences of culture falls. Universalism versus particularism, which is more important to them. They prefer individualism or communitarianism (Perry,et,al,2018, pp.343-361). The cultural norms are specific or diffused. They are neutral or emotional. They lean for achievement or ascription. They prefer sequential or synchronous time. What they prefer internal direction or outer direction.
There could be found numbers of differences when the aboriginal culture of Australia and Jordan was analyzed and compared. Gender relation is one of the most important areas that become the limelight of the comparison. There could be witnessed a clash of indigenous people with the colonists and one of the main areas of clash is gender relations. Before studying the gender relations in Australian aboriginal culture and Jordan aboriginal culture this thing should be kept in mind that aborigines are divided into many groups where each group have their own way of looking at the gender relations (Kingsley,et,al,2018, pp.210-220).
While making a comparison between Australian and Jordan aboriginal cultures one thing found common was, women were given importance for continuing of race and life. In both these cultures, men were given the supreme position in families. It was the men who had the decisive power and women in both these aboriginal cultures had to obey the commands of men. Next thing that could be found common in both Australian and Jordan aboriginal cultures is that men were given prime position and in Australian culture men and women used to avoid entering through the common door in some situations. While in Jordan, the same conditions were observed. One fact that could not be denied in both cultures regarding gender relations is that men were given more rights than women. Men were all powering and women were submissive in all matters.
As far as differences are concerned it has been analyzed that one of the most grasping things in Australian aboriginal culture is that men and women were used to keep separate businesses. On the other hand, in Jordan aboriginal culture most of the businesses were headed by the men and women were given no or fewer opportunities to run their businesses separately. Next difference that could be easily viewed in both aboriginal cultures is leadership. In Australian aboriginal culture, women were given the chance to lead certain groups but in Jordan aboriginal culture, leadership was linked with men only and women were not given the right to lead (Theodoropoulou,et,al,2018,pp.141-160).
Another major difference in both these aboriginal cultures that reflects a radical shift is equality in genders. Indigenous women of Australia claims that they were given equality in particular matters before the pre-colonial time (Grant,et,al,2018, pp. 57-105). Studies show that in some tribes of the Australian aboriginal culture women were given the charge of ceremonies and some rituals were for women solely. These women had influence over kinship ties. Women were given equality in matters like marriage arrangements, land-relationships and other rights and duties as well. One of the evidence of this equality that Australian aboriginal women used to enjoy is Atkinson (1996a) which is the Australian Law Commission. It shows that Australian Aboriginal women used to be the custodians of various laws that used to be enforced by Aboriginal men (Kildea,et,al,2006, pp.387-396). On the other hand, in Jordan aboriginal culture men being the supreme authority after the God was responsible for making all the laws and women of Jordan were not given equality in land relations and other related matters. After the arrival of colonists, there has been witnessed a rise in the inequality in Australian aboriginal culture while in Jordan colonialism focused its attention on the equality of men and women that was missing in the indigenous population (Jaffer,et,al,2018, pp.824-827).
So as a whole, it could be concluded that the culture of any community communicates about the beliefs that they have. It has been analyzed that the numbers of differences between Australian and Jordan aboriginal cultures are huge and it makes both these cultures more appealing. Gender relations could be spotted as areas where there could be witnessed a radical shift before colonists arrival. Gender relations could be studied for knowing how men and women are treated in a particular community. This fact must be highlighted that both men and women have their own space. Both the genders have to play their own roles and should not be interrupted by the opposite gender. Gender relations were somehow better in Australian aboriginal culture as compared to Jordans aboriginal culture.
Grant, E. and Greenop, K., 2018. Affirming and reaffirming Indigenous presence Contemporary Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community, public and institutional architecture in Australia. InThe handbook of contemporary Indigenous architecture(pp. 57-105). Springer, Singapore.
Jaffer, I.A., 2018. Bedouin-Arab people of the Negev conditions and responses.International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction,16(4), pp.824-827.
Kamp, A., Dunn, K., Paradies, Y. and Blair, K., 2018. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples attitudes towards Australian multiculturalism, cultural diversity,race and racism, 2015-16. Australian Aboriginal Studies, (2), p.50.
Kildea, S., 2006. Risky business contested knowledge over safe birthing services for Aboriginal women.Health Sociology Review,15(4), pp.387-396.
Kingsley, J., Munro-Harrison, E., Jenkins, A. and Thorpe, A., 2018. Here we are part of a living culture Understanding the cultural determinants of health in Aboriginal gathering places in Victoria, Australia.Health place,54, pp.210-220.
Perry, L. and Holt, L., 2018. Searching for the Songlines of Aboriginal education and culture within Australian higher education.The Australian Educational Researcher,45(3), pp.343-361.
Theodoropoulou, I. and Ahmed, I., 2018. Ethnographing Gender Roles and Power in Intercultural Communication in Qatar.Journal of Arabian Studies,8(1), pp.141-160.
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