[Name of the Writer]
[Name of the Institution]
The study developed a framework for analyzing urban sustainability by evaluating the damages to human health and the quality of the environment. The author collected the data of neighborhood scale of human health and resource depletion. The concept of urban sustainability has been emerged and considered as the critical research because of the increase in migration from rural to urban areas with time.
The author analyzed the resources used in industrial activity and disposal of waste material in the environment. The practitioners of urban sustainability use policies to balance and consider an option which minimizes externalities1. For evaluating the impact on the environment and human health the author used the complementary framework of assessment known as LCA and UM. The life cycle assessment tool is used for analyzing the process of production from raw material to goods and services. A practitioner of UM have widely examined the damages to human health, resource depletion and damages to environmental quality. The assessment tool of LCA has been used for making policies for ecological sustainability, and it also developed a method to calculate these impacts. Author integrated the LCA and UM assessment tools in four stages1. The um practitioner should focus on evaluating the macro scale urban effects. The method used could develop new strategies for the assessment of infrastructure process and activities on macro scale urban areas.
The author proposed in the emergent behavior of the metropolitan regions does not include social and cultural dynamics in physical flows. The recommended method which author developed to define urban sustainability can be incorporated by joining the LCA and UM Assessment methods for understanding damages on environment quality, resources and human health. The model developed for assessment of sustainability was concentrated in the single city of the urban region. The study has developed assessment techniques but not analyzed the possible ways to control these problems. There are also damages in the rural areas on human health and resources which were not investigated by the author. Also, it didn’t find any sustainable ways for efficient waste management that are released in the natural environment.
1.Chester, Mikhail, Stephanie Pincetl, and Braden Allenby. "Avoiding unintended tradeoffs by integrating life-cycle impact assessment with urban metabolism." Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4, no. 4 (2012): 451-457.
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