Dorothy M.
Dorothy M.

A Complete Lab Report Writing Guide with Tips & Examples

7 min read

Published on: Jan 4, 2021

Last updated on: Dec 29, 2022

Lab Report

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A lab report is a type of document that is used in many different fields, like engineering and science. The purpose behind writing lab reports is to explain the findings from experiments with significant data points.

Lab report writing can be difficult because there are many rules and guidelines that must be followed.

This blog post is intended to provide a guide for students in order to make lab reports more manageable.

Read on to know how to write a lab report and also find some examples and tips to make the task further easier for yourself.

What is a Lab Report?

A lab report is a detailed record of an experiment.

Lab reports are needed for courses that have lab tests and experiments. They are objective and complete with information about the experiment. The information they provide is specific, so the reader knows exactly what happened in the experiment.

A lab report is important to your grades in school. It is like every other paper that you do. You need to make sure it has a proper structure. This means that you need to say what the results are and how they came about.

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How to Write a Lab Report?

Learning to write a good lab report is essential for any student who wants their work done well and with the correct structure. Without knowing these basics, it's difficult, if not impossible, to get through this process successfully!

The following information should be included in a lab report:

  • The context of the research problem
  • Necessary background information about the experiment
  • Detailed methodology
  • Passive tense

Your lab report is a vital part of your academic and professional life. It's important that you take the time to do it right, following these steps:

1. Identify the Main Goal

When you write a laboratory report, your goal is to make it, so it is understandable and readable for someone else. Even if the reader is just your teacher, make sure they can understand what you wrote.

Keeping this goal in mind will help you write every part of the lab report well.

2. Identify the Target Audience

Every type of writing has people who will read it. When you are writing a lab report, you need to figure out who will be reading it. If your target audience is academics, then write the report for your instructor.

If the target audience is not an academic, make sure to explain any jargon or technical words that might be used in your report so that everyone can understand it.

3. Begin with the Title and the Abstract

The title and the abstract are two of the most important parts of a lab report. They will help you get people's attention, so make sure that they are perfect. To make your title interesting, you should include what you did in the experiment and some interesting findings.

One of the most important parts of any lab report is an abstract. It should be concise and based on just one paragraph, which means it can't exceed 200 words.

A lab report has the following information:

  • The major research goal
  • What significance your experiment adds to the existing study
  • The highlight of the methodology or the experimental procedure
  • Significant findings or results of the experiment

4. Write the Introduction

When you write a report, it has to start with an introduction. The introduction is written to give the reader a better understanding of what the report is about. This chapter gives the following information to the readers:

  • The setting of the research problem
  • The main research problem under study
  • Significance of the research problem
  • Has it already been studied or not?

The introduction is where you set up the context for your report or experiment. Other than the background information about the research problem, some significant data about your experimentation is also introduced here. This includes:

  • How was the research problem solved by you?
  • The experiment setting
  • Major findings
  • Organization of the report

When you write the introduction, it is important to tell readers everything they need to know so that they can understand and be interested in reading more.

5. Drafting the Body of the Report

The body section contains all the information about materials and methods. Writing this part aims to inform readers with an introduction of equipment and the theories that help obtain desired results.

This part includes the following major information:

  • The methodological theory
  • Figurative description of the apparatus of the experiment or the sample calculation
  • Theory or the working principle of the experiment
  • The methodology of the experiment, including the detailed steps

Moreover, the report’s body contains other information like interpreting the work and when it was performed. If you are doing an experiment that has been done before, you should identify the differences.

This interpretation can be in different places depending on your preference. It can be included in the introduction or in the body section.

The comparison can be shown with charts or graphs. When you are talking about someone else's work, make sure to cite it properly. It is to avoid plagiarism and make sure your work is authentic.

State your results clearly. Your experiment will depend on the lab you are working in, how it works, and what you are trying to find out. Do not give your opinions or personal comments about the experiment in this part of the report. Just present all of your experimental data without too many details.

Do not manipulate the results of the experiment according to the objective. The results remain the same regardless of whether they prove your hypothesis or not.

6. Conclude the Lab Report

The conclusion or discussion section is where you can discuss your results and interpretations. You can also write about any possible future interventions regarding the experiment or the research problem.

Moreover, you can also mention the limitations of the experiment or any hurdles you faced while performing it.

If you have a lot to discuss or have an interesting interpretation, you can create a separate discussion section as well.

Some people think that readers pay more attention to the title, the introduction, and the conclusion. For this reason, make sure that they are interesting and informative.

7. Cite the Sources and Create a Bibliography Section

If you are referencing information from other sources, make sure to use citations within your text. You also need to provide detailed references at the end of the lab report in the bibliography section.

The referencing style would be mentioned in the lab manual, or you can directly ask your instructor for it. Some popularly used referencing styles include MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.

8. Proofread and Make Revisions

The last and most important step - it's time for a final read-through.

Check your work thoroughly to make sure that everything in the report has been correct from start to finish, with no errors or mistakes missed along the way!

Lab Report Format

The lab report format is an important part of writing. All reports need to be put in order, so they are easy to read. It also helps in structuring the report into proper sections.

The following sections are included in a lab report and they follow a similar order:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
  • Bibliography

To make sure that you can trust your lab report, it is important to follow the lab report format.

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You might want to plan or pre-write before you start writing. After you have a plan in place according to the given format, write the experiment in more detail and add all of the details in each section.

Lab Report Examples

To help you understand the process and structure of lab reports, we have collected some examples. Look at these examples and write your own report accordingly.

Tips for Writing a Lab Report

When you are writing your first lab report, it is important to ensure that you write it well. A professional lab report is worth a lot. Especially when writing for academics.

Professionals at have some tips to make your lab report more impressive. They are easy, so you might want to try them out.

  • Keep it Brief: Be very clear and concise when writing your report. Don't include any irrelevant raw data or information in the text, as this will only confuse readers who are trying to follow along with your experiment.
  • Don’t Include Personal Opinions: Data is important in the research process. Support statements with data from your experiment, and do not state anything that's purely opinion-based or make any statement without evidence.
  • Use Passive Voice or Write in Third Person: When writing a lab report, you should use the past tense. You should not use “I” or “we.” The experiment has already been done. So, do not write it as something you will do or are doing.
  • Keep it Flawless: Never forget to proofread your report before submission, as it can land you into trouble. To ensure that your report is flawless, you should reread it and make the necessary changes. This is necessary for scoring well.

Follow these tips, and you will be sure to create an impressive lab report.

It is important to remember that writing a lab report can be time-consuming and difficult. But by following the format and steps given here, you will find yourself on your way to completing an informative and impressive laboratory report in no time.

If you need help with any part of this process, don’t hesitate to contact! As soon as you engage with us, our essay writer will contact you and will discuss the project with you to complete it in time.

Dorothy M.


Dorothy M. (Literature, Education)

Dorothy M. is an experienced freelance writer with over five years of experience in the field. She has a wide client base, and her customers keep returning to her because of her great personalized writing. Dorothy takes care to understand her clients' needs and writes content that engages them and impresses their instructors or readers.

Dorothy M. is an experienced freelance writer with over five years of experience in the field. She has a wide client base, and her customers keep returning to her because of her great personalized writing. Dorothy takes care to understand her clients' needs and writes content that engages them and impresses their instructors or readers.

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